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Interview with Craig Alford, CEO and Director of Oroplata Resources (OTC: ORRP) Rapidly Developing a Very Large Lithium Brine Target in Railroad Valley, Nevada
by Dr. Allen Alper, PhD Economic Geology and Petrology, Columbia University, NYC, USA


Oroplata Resources Inc. (OTC: ORRP) is rapidly developing a very large lithium brine target in Railroad Valley, Nevada, first identified as lithium rich by the USGS roughly 20 years ago. The company plans to produce battery grade lithium carbonate using a low cost, low environmental impact method of lithium extraction. Craig Alford, CEO and Director of Oroplata Resources, believes that they have one of the best closed basins in the state and they will use the best drill techniques and the best science to bring up an amazing resource. The company's stock is getting a lot of traction as the result of environmental awareness and social acceptance of clean energy solutions. Mr. Alford stated that the American lithium market is going to be the highest growth market in the world for a while and Oroplata Resources will become a substantial, profitable US-based lithium producer.
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Interview with Stephen G. Roman, Chairman, President and CEO of Harte Gold (TSX: HRT, FSE: H4O, OTC: HRTFF): Generating Cash Flow through Bulk Sample Program then into Commercial Production upon Receipt of Commercial Permits
by Dr. Allen Alper, PhD Economic Geology and Petrology, Columbia University, NYC, USA


We spoke with Stephen G. Roman, Chairman, President and CEO of Harte Gold (TSX: HRT, FSE: H4O, OTC: HRTFF), about the progress of the advanced exploration and bulk sample program at their 100% owned Sugar Zone Deposit located in Ontario, 60 kilometers east of the Hemlo Gold Camp. So far they have produced more tons than expected, and the grades have been higher than expected. The company is generating a free cash flow now through this bulk sample program and would like to be able to continue mining until they get their commercial permits, and then move right in to commercial production. According to Mr. Roman, they expect to generate over 5 million of profit at the end of this bulk sample phase and then once they go into commercial production, they expect to generate significant profits, doing between 70 and 80 thousand ounces a year of production. We learned from Mr. Roman that the company has excellent exploration upside and on July 20th they will start drilling targets between Wolf Zone and Sugar Zone with the aim to be well over a million ounces by the end of the year.
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Interview with Lee Barker, President and CEO of Sparton Resources (TSX.V: SRI): Completed Commissioning of the Zhangbei Project's 8 Megawatt Hour Vanadium Flow Battery
by Dr. Allen Alper, PhD Economic Geology and Petrology, Columbia University, NYC, USA

Sparton Resources Inc. (TSX.V: SRI) completed commissioning of the Zhangbei Project's 8 Megawatt Hour Vanadium Flow Battery earlier this year and its client recently received payment of approximately $C3.2 million from the battery's owner, State Grid North China Company. The ongoing maintenance program revenue over the next 3 years will also provide cash flow. These payments will accrue to Sparton’s operating subsidiary company in China. According to Lee Barker, President and CEO of Sparton Resources, the vanadium flow battery is much better than lithium for large scale energy storage: they can go 100,000 cycles of fully charging and discharging, they don't lose charge while being idle, they operate in cold temperatures and warm temperatures, they don't have to be air-conditioned in hot environments, they are not flammable, better for computer systems backup, because the electricity in the vanadium battery can be discharged almost instantaneously, for large-scale storage, these batteries are about 1/3 the cost of a similar sized lithium battery, when you factor in the life of the battery over time; and at the end of their life, they are fully recyclable. There is an incredible market for large energy storage all over the world. Sparton also has access to clean and pure primary vanadium deposits in China that they believe will be developed. They are currently in the process of negotiating with various potential strategic partners to acquire the battery manufacturer and develop these deposits. This way they could potentially build a company with the source for the raw material that can make the vanadium flow batteries, and get a cost benefit from that and make it more competitive in the marketplace.
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Interview with Rudi P. Fronk, Chairman and CEO of Seabridge Gold (TSX: SEA, NYSE: SA): Core Assets are Located in Canada, its Resource Base of Gold, Copper and Silver is One of the World's Largest
by Dr. Allen Alper, PhD Economic Geology and Petrology, Columbia University, NYC, USA


Seabridge Gold (TSX: SEA, NYSE: SA) is a gold exploration company with the principal objective to grow resource and reserve ownership per common share. The company's core assets are located in Canada, its resource base of gold, copper and silver is one of the world's largest. Its KSM project is now the largest undeveloped gold reserve on the planet and also the only big project in the world today held by a junior that's shovel ready. According to Rudi P. Fronk, Chairman and CEO of Seabridge Gold, the recently acquired Iskut property can be another KSM, but only better because it also has that very high grade gold mineralization that's pretty close to the surface. We learned from Mr. Fronk that the company is very lean, has no debt, and has about $30 million of cash in the bank. At 1.8 ounces of gold per common share in the ground, Seabridge Gold provides ten to thirty times more gold ownership per share than any other gold company.
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Interview with Michael Philpot, Executive Vice President: Coro Mining (TSX: COP): Growing Chilean Producer of Copper Cathodes and Copper Miner
by Dr. Allen Alper, PhD Economic Geology and Petrology, Columbia University, NYC, USA


Coro Mining Corp. (TSX: COP) is a growing Chilean copper producer that started producing copper cathodes from their Nora Plant located in the 3rd region of Chile, near the Berta copper deposit discovered and developed by Coro. The company linked the Berta mine to the Nora Plant and started production at 3000 tons per annum, which is about 6.5 million pounds of copper, and they are in the process of upgrading to 5000 tons (or 11 million pounds) of copper cathode. Recently Coro made an exciting copper discovery at their Marimaca project located in the 2nd region. According to Michael Philpot, Executive Vice President and Director of Coro Mining, the company is blessed with a great team and very good partners, including very strategic working relationships with Greenstone Resources and Pro-Pipe. and they have been running a successful business enterprise even during the low point of the copper cycle. Coro is growing by exploring and finding to financing, developing and producing copper in coastal Chile. They have made very strategic working relationships with Greenstone Resources and Pro-Pipe.
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Asante Gold (CSE: ASE) Poised to Move Ghana-Based Kubi Gold Project forward to Production
by Allen Alper Jr.


Asante Gold (CSE: ASE), is currently doing exploration and development work at the Kubi Gold project and other properties located in Ghana to move forward to gold production. Under the leadership of Douglas MacQuarrie, President and CEO of Asante Gold, the company is developing the Kubi Gold Mine, which can be producing gold within a year with a modest capital investment. Ned Goodman – a Canadian mining legend has recently joined Asante as Chairman of the Board.
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Dr. Alper Interviews John Versfelt, President and CEO of International Millennium Mining: Owns Promising Silver and Gold Properties in Nevada
by Dr. Allen Alper, PhD Economic Geology and Petrology, Columbia University, NYC, USA


International Millennium Mining Corp (TSX.V:IMI) is a Canadian mineral exploration and development company focused on acquiring known smaller mine deposits, carrying out exploration and development programs to increase the deposit size and advancing them to production stage. We talked with John Versfelt, President and CEO of International Millennium Mining, about their promising silver and gold property in Nevada. They now own 100% interest in the Nivloc Mine and surrounding properties, and have a strong, experienced management team capable of moving the project forward.
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Interview with Jason Paltrowitz, Executive Vice President - Corporate Services of OTC Markets Group
by Dr. Allen Alper, PhD Economic Geology and Petrology, Columbia University, NYC, USA


OTC Markets Group, Inc. is a SEC regulated, FINRA registered, electronic market connecting over 110 broker-dealers. This is a 3-tier system. The Best Market is called OTCQX and includes companies that meet certain financial criteria and choose to be transparent. The second market is called OTCQB. It is a Venture Market and includes early stage entrepreneurial companies that choose to be transparent. The third market is called Pink Market. It is not transparent, there is no company involvement but broker-dealers come together and trade. We learned from Jason Paltrowitz, Executive Vice President - Corporate Services of OTC Markets Group, that since 1997 they have transformed from a phone-based pool of thousands of securities with no standards, to a fully electronic market that allows companies to be open and transparent and decrease reputational risk by meeting certain standards. We learned from Mr. Paltrowitz that under the Regulation A+ introduced in 2012, companies are now allowed to raise up to $50 million capital from the general public. And we learned what steps the companies need to take to do that with OTC.
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Discussion with David Cole, President and CEO Eurasian Minerals, Inc. (TSX: EMX, NYSE MKT: EMXX): Successfully Assembled a Large Global Portfolio of Exploration and Royalty Properties, by Executing the Prospect Generation Model
by Dr. Allen Alper, PhD Economic Geology and Petrology, Columbia University, NYC, USA


Eurasian Minerals, Inc. (TSX: EMX, NYSE MKT: EMXX) has assembled a large global portfolio of exploration and royalty properties, by executing the prospect generation business model, royalty purchases, and strategic investment. Mr. David Cole, President and CEO of Eurasian Minerals, is excited about a very significant recent discovery on their copper-gold Cukaru Peki royalty property in Serbia, as well as the beginnings of cash flow from their Balya lead-zinc-silver royalty in Turkey, the increasing of the cash flow from their Leeville royalty in Nevada (not including Newmont's new discovery there) and the new shaft Newmont has completed. If all goes as planned, the company should be cash positive by 2017. What brought the company to this important juncture? That would be Eurasian’s team and their ability to continue to grow a portfolio and manage the existing assets to the benefit of shareholders. Eurasian has amazingly managed to accomplish this through good and bad cycles within the mining industry.
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Discussion with Mr. Stephen de Jong, CEO Integra Gold Corp. (TSX: ICG): Exploring High Grade Lamaque South Project in Val-d’Or in Quebec Canada's Premier Gold Producing Districts
by Dr. Allen Alper, PhD Economic Geology and Petrology, Columbia University, NYC, USA


Integra Gold Corp. (TSX.V: ICG; OTCQX: ICGQF) is a Canadian company focused on exploration of their high-grade Lamaque South Project, located in one of Canada's premier gold producing districts, known as Val-d’Or in Quebec. Integra Gold is an amazing company. The company is very well-managed, well-funded and innovative. It has a great team, excellent properties and locations, a mill and is a projected low-cost gold producer. Integra is drilling aggressively and has a proven resource growth record. Eldorado Gold with a $2.9 billion Market Cap is a very strong partner and owns 13.1% of Integra Gold. The gold resource estimate shows 872,850 ounces at 9.04 g/t Indicated and 800,620 ounces at 9.08 g/t Inferred. The historic Sigma Mill located on the property is a fully-permitted, 2,200 ton per day mill and tailings facility. According to Stephen de Jong, CEO and President of Integra Gold, in the future they anticipate production of more than 100,000 gold ounces per year with projected all-in cost of $731 Canadian per ounce, which makes them one of the lowest cost producers in the world. Currently, the company is drilling to increase the size of their resource.
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Discussion with Mark Selby, President and CEO of Royal Nickel Corporation (TSX: RNX): a Low-Cost Nickel-Copper-Gold Producer
by Dr. Allen Alper, PhD Economic Geology and Petrology, Columbia University, NYC


Mark Selby, President and CEO of Royal Nickel Corporation (TSX: RNX) focuses on free cash flow and generating good return for capital on the shareholders. They are planning on ramping up the Beta Hunt nickel gold property by the end of 2016. RNC has a pretty deep pool of technical resources willing to take on technical challenges, and anything that they do will be in relatively stable jurisdictions. RNC has run up recently but still has room as metal prices rebound.
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Discussion with James Buskard Nevada Exploration Inc. (TSXV: NGE): Discovering gold in Previously Unexplored Regions of Nevada, Using Hydro-Geochemistry
by Dr. Allen Alper, PhD Economic Geology and Petrology, Columbia University, NYC, USA


Nevada Exploration Inc. (TSXV: NGE) is focused on discovering gold in previously unexplored regions of Nevada, using hydro-geochemistry. The idea is that half of Nevada's territory is covered by sand and gravel and therefore has not been systematically explored. Nevada Exploration has developed and applied the science of Groundwater Geochemistry to look under cover. Currently the company is advancing a portfolio of brand new projects that have all been identified using this technology. James Buskard, President of Nevada Exploration, whose background is in Geochemistry, is proud of their team of geologists, who have collectively been involved in more than 30 million ounces of gold discovered in Nevada. According to Mr. Buskard, Nevada Exploration is the world leader when it comes to hydro-geochemistry and exploring for gold.
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Dr. Allen Alper Interviews Mr. Robin Goad, President and CEO of Fortune Minerals: Focused on Advancing their NICO Gold-Cobalt-Bismuth-Copper Project in the Northwest Territories
by Dr. Allen Alper, PhD Economic Geology and Petrology, Columbia University, NYC, USA


Fortune Minerals Limited (TSX (Canada): FT | OTC QX (USA): FTMDF) is a North American mining company focused on advancing their NICO gold-cobalt-bismuth-copper project in the Northwest Territories, Canada. Recently, Dave Ramsay, former Cabinet Minister with the Government of the Northwest Territories, joined their board bringing in his important political experience and business background. According to Mr. Robin Goad, President and CEO of Fortune Minerals, their metals are well positioned for recovery, and the products that they are going to produce have very significant demand growth right now. Currently, the company is concentrating essentially on a project financing and talking to potential offtake partners.
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Interview with Mark Brennan President and CEO Sierra Metals Inc. (TSX:SMT) (BVL: SMT): A Low-Cost Diversified Producer of Gold, Silver and Copper
by Dr. Allen Alper, PhD Economic Geology and Petrology, Columbia University, NYC, USA


Sierra Metals Inc. (TSX: SMT) (BVL: SMT) is led by Mark Brennan President and CEO. He and his new management team have a proven successful track record. The company has undergone restructuring that is increasing profits and cash flow. Sierra Metals is a low-cost diversified producer of gold, silver and copper in Peru and Mexico. Sierra Metals has identified and is developing many opportunities for growth. The Esperanza Zone transformational discovery has the thickest high grade intercepts in the 60 year history of the mine. Mark Brennan tells us they expect to increase production and grade in 2016 across the board.
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Discussion with Kye Abraham, President and Co-Founder, LKA Gold Incorporated (OTCMKTS: LKAI): Golden Wonder Mine, One of America’s Richest Gold Deposits
by Dr. Allen Alper, PhD Economic Geology and Petrology, Columbia University, NYC, USA


LKA Gold Incorporated (OTCMKTS: LKAI) is focused on finding and developing high-grade anomalies in North America. Their extremely high-grade Golden Wonder Mine, located near Lake City, Colorado, is one of the richest gold producers in North America with a production history of 141,510 ounces of gold at an average ore grade of 11.63 ounces (362 grams) gold per ton and an average production cost of less than $150 per ounce. Kye Abraham, President and co-founder of LKA Gold Incorporated, feels that there is a huge upside potential for LKA, as the company works to re-establish the mine's reserves and returning it to commercial production.
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Interview with Phillip Walford, President, CEO and Director of Marathon Gold (TSX: MOZ): Marathon Gold Deposit in Newfoundland Obtaining Excellent Metallurgical Results
by Dr. Allen Alper, PhD Economic Geology and Petrology, Columbia University, NYC, USA


Marathon Gold (TSX: MOZ) is a Canadian gold resource development company focused on Marathon Gold Deposit at the company's wholly owned Valentine Lake Gold Camp located in central west Newfoundland. We learned from Phillip Walford, President, CEO and Director of Marathon Gold, that the company is simultaneously advancing two programs: One is a metallurgical program and the second is the drilling to expand the resources at the Valentine Lake. We learned that the first phase of metallurgical testing is still in progress but recoveries at Marathon already are looking to be in the 90th percentile which is very good. The second phase of the metallurgical program is testing for heap leach potential and the recoveries here look to be significant, and will have a significant impact on the economics for the PEA that the company plans to start the fourth quarter of this year. Mr. Walford is pretty excited about the summer program both the metallurgical work and the exploration. The Marathon Gold stock more than doubled since the PDAC.
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Richard Williams, President of Waseco Resources (TSX.V: WRI, Frankfurt: WSE): Exploration Company Focused on Gold in Nevada with the Lead Property Strategically Located next to Newmont's Trenton Canyon Mine
by Dr. Allen Alper, PhD Economic Geology and Petrology, Columbia University, NYC, USA


Waseco Resources (TSX.V: WRI, Frankfurt: WSE) is an exploration company focused on gold in Nevada with the lead property strategically located next to Newmont's Trenton Canyon mine, right on the Battle Mountain trend, in the middle of gold country. Two years ago the company did the initial drilling that was successful in hitting a high grade zone of just under an ounce over 12 feet. The follow up drill program is now subject to financing. We learned from Richard Williams, President of Waseco Resources, that the company is very tightly held with management owning a fair bit of the stock. There are two other projects waiting on standby: the uranium project with Areva in Quebec is on hold pending a change in uranium prices; and a small interest in a diamond property next to De Beers’ Victor mine up in Attawapiskat, Ontario.
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Interview with Claude Lemasson, President and CEO of Eastmain Resources Inc. (TSX: ER): Assembled a Strong New Board and Management Team, Created a Strategic Partnership with Integra Gold and Aggressively Drilling
by Dr. Allen Alper, PhD Economic Geology and Petrology, Columbia University, NYC, USA


Eastmain Resources Inc. (TSX: ER) is a Canadian exploration company with three promising projects in the James Bay area of Northern Quebec. In the last few months, the Company underwent significant changes, assembled a strong new board and management team, and also formed a strategic partnership with Integra Gold. Recently, Eastmain was able to raise money sufficient to fund all of the company's exploration drilling programs for this year and next year. Eastmain believes that the combination of aggressive exploration of great assets with the uptrend for gold will bring positive changes to the company. Claude Lemasson, President and CEO of Eastmain Resources
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Interview with Gordon Ellis, President and CEO of Lupaka Gold (TSXV: LPK, FRA: LQP): Invicta Gold, is About to go into Production in Peru
by Dr. Allen Alper, PhD Economic Geology and Petrology, Columbia University, NYC, USA


Lupaka Gold Corp. (TSXV: LPK, FRA: LQP) is a mining and exploration company with three properties in Peru. Their flagship project, Invicta Gold, is about to go into production, mining its high-grade core that could be mined at a thousand tons a day. According to Gordon Ellis, President and CEO of Lupaka Gold, within the next few months, they should be operating at a rate, which will allow them cash flow in the area of ten million dollars. The company has the ability to become cash flow positive, self-supporting and has good upside potential.
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Interview with Daniel Major, President and CEO of GoviEx Uranium Inc. (CSE: GXU): Three Large Advance-Stage Uranium Projects in Africa with Resources Totaling over 200 Million Pounds of Uranium, Projecting Cash Cost of Under $25 per Lbs.
by Dr. Allen Alper, PhD Economic Geology and Petrology, Columbia University, NYC, USA


GoviEx Uranium Inc. (CSE: GXU) is a mineral exploration and development company that owns three large advance-stage uranium projects in Africa with resources totaling over 200 million pounds of uranium. Two of the three projects have mining permits and are shovel ready, which adds a lot of value to GoviEx because it can have the mines ready for when the uranium market recovers over the next three to four years as predicted by most analysts. According to Daniel Major, CEO of GoviEx Uranium, they are looking at a cash cost of under $25 a pound and with the predicted uranium prices close to $60 they are going to have a very positive return. We learned from Mr. Major that the key plan is to move forward with development of their flagship Madaouela project in Niger that holds 100 million pounds of uranium. The company is working on financing and optimizing the project and reducing the unit cost. At the same time GoviEx is going through the 25 years of technical data on their second permitted project, Mutanga in Zambia, where they have up to 50 million pounds of uranium. According to Mr. Major, operating in Africa is relatively straight forward; obtaining permits is many times faster than in Canada.
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Discussion with Mr. Keith Neumeyer, Founder, President and CEO of First Majestic Silver (TSX: FR, NYSE: AG, Frankfurt: FMV): Purest Silver Mining Company and Strong Production Growth
by Dr. Allen Alper, PhD Economic Geology and Petrology, Columbia University, NYC, USA


According to Mr. Keith Neumeyer, Founder, President and CEO of First Majestic Silver (TSX: FR, NYSE: AG, Frankfurt: FMV), his company is the purest silver company in the world producing primarily silver with all of their six mines located in mining-friendly Mexico. They have $100 million dollars U.S. in the bank and recently raised another $50 million dollars Canadian to top the treasury. Mr. Neumeyer is bullish on silver, and with the metals market cycle changing, the company is planning to expand their current operations and advance some of their development exploration projects. According to Mr. Neumeyer, First Majestic was the top-performing stock from all industries on the Toronto Stock Exchange in the first quarter of this year.
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Interview with Jonathan Awde, President and CEO Gold Standard Ventures (TSXV: GSV; NYSE MKT: GSV): Advanced-Stage Gold Exploration Company, Owns Just Over 20% of Nevada’s Carlin Trend
by Dr. Allen Alper, PhD Economic Geology and Petrology, Columbia University, NYC, USA


Gold Standard Ventures (TSXV: GSV; NYSE MKT:GSV), an advanced-stage gold exploration company, owns just over 20% of Nevada’s Carlin Trend, the most prolific gold mining trend in the Western Hemisphere. Gold Standard's Railroad Project is the last significantly underexplored district on the Carlin Trend. Jonathan Awde, President and CEO of Gold Standard Ventures, feels that it is the phenomenal exploration team and the land package they were able to consolidate over 6 years, that make the company stand out from its peers. The Pinion and Dark Star, two oxide-gold deposits in the southern portion of the project, represent a potential near-term development option with characteristics that suggest low capital and operating costs.
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Discussion with Andrew Dinning, Founder, President and CEO of Sarama Resources Ltd. (TSX-V: SWA): Advancing South Houndé and Karankasso JV Gold Projects in Historically Prolific Gold Belt in Burkina Faso
by Dr. Allen Alper, PhD Economic Geology and Petrology, Columbia University, NYC, USA

Sarama Resources Ltd. (TSX-V: SWA) is a West African gold explorer and developer whose principal focus is in the historically prolific Houndé gold belt in Burkina Faso. The company’s primary focus is the southern Houndé Belt which has a gold resource endowment >12Moz and growing. Andrew Dinning, a Founder, the President and CEO of Sarama Resources and his team are accomplished ore finders, project developers and operators with a proven track record of success. Management has a strong conviction and commitment to the success of the company, owns 24% (CEO +7%) and has continued to follow its positions through recent equity raises. Sarama has identified 2.1Moz inferred gold mineral resource at the South Houndé Project and owns a third of the adjoining Karankasso JV (Savary Gold Corp) which has a 0.7Moz inferred gold resource. A US$1M on signing and US$14M in the ground, earn-in agreement with Acacia Mining on the company’s South Houndé Project provides funding to advance exploration. Recently Sarama Resources Confirmed High-Grade Oblique Mineralization at the South Houndé Project in Burkina Faso. Sarama has a US$4 million exploration budget for 2016 and will be drilling to improve the size and quality of the resource further.
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Discussion with Nigel Lees, President and CEO Sage Gold, Inc. (TSX: SGX): An Overlooked, Undervalued Gold Deposit Amongst Timmins Industry Majors about to go back into Production
by Dr. Allen Alper, PhD Economic Geology and Petrology, Columbia University, NYC, USA


Gold, Inc. (TSX: SGX) is a small Canadian exploration and development company with advanced properties in the province of Ontario. Their flagship asset is Clavos gold deposit located in the prolific Timmins Mining Camp. As far as mining companies go, it has the right address. It’s adjacent to the well-known Canadian producer, Primero Mining and close to other producers, such as Goldcorp and Kirkland Lake. The Clavos deposit is fully permitted and the previous owners spent $50 million on underground and surface infrastructure. According to Nigel Lees, President and CEO of Sage Gold, they have been approached recently by potential financiers with the purpose of putting Clavos back into production. Secondly, Sage Gold's Onaman Property is a polymetallic deposit of copper, gold, and silver, with some very attractive characteristics that suggest tremendous geological potential.
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Interview with Dr. Leon Daniels, President and CEO of Pangolin Diamonds Corp. (TSX.V: PAN) Entirely Focused on Advanced Stage Diamond Exploration in Botswana, one of the World’s Leading Diamond Producing Countries
by Dr. Allen Alper, PhD Economic Geology and Petrology, Columbia University, NYC, USA


Pangolin Diamonds Corp. (TSX.V: PAN) is entirely focused on diamond exploration in Botswana, one of the world’s leading diamond producing countries. Pangolin is currently exploring for a discovery at their flagship, advanced exploration stage, Malatswae Diamond Project, where the leading indicator mineral in kimberlite is diamond. According to Dr. Leon Daniels, Founder, Chairman, President and CEO of Pangolin Diamonds Corp. and a fourth generation diamond hunter, the company intends to make discoveries this year. Dr. Daniels has an amazing background and diamond discovery record. He has 36 years of exploration and production experience. His discoveries include the Klipfontein kimberlite in South Africa, DK4 Kimberlite in Botswana and the Mambali kimberlite field in Zimbabwe. He was directly involved in the evaluation and development to full production of the Dokolwayo mine in Swaziland, River Ranch Kimberlite in Zimbabwe and five Alluvial Mines in Angola. He is also Co-Founder of African Diamonds subsequently acquired by Lucara Diamond Corp in 2010 for US$100m (Karowe Diamond Mine). Dr. Daniels is proud of his team in Botswana and is committed to make the company an economical success.
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Dr. Alper Interviews Anthony Julien, President and CEO: Brazilian High Grade Manganese for the Fertilizer and Steel industries
by Dr. Allen Alper, PhD Economic Geology and Petrology, Columbia University, NYC, USA


Cancana and Ferrometals’ President and CEO, Anthony Julien updates Metals News on its shift to high grade Manganese for fertilizer and steel industries with its Brazil Manganese Corporation, and addition of multi-commodity exploration programs for tin.
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Interview with Eoin Rothery, CEO of Thomson Resources Ltd. (ASX: TMZ): Bygoo Tin Project is the First Major Tin Discovery in Mainland Australia for Decades
by Dr. Allen Alper, PhD Economic Geology and Petrology, Columbia University, NYC, USA


Thomson Resources Ltd. (ASX: TMZ), an Australian exploration company operating in New South Wales, received some excellent drill results at their Bygoo tin project, which is the first major tin discovery in mainland Australia for decades. The outstanding drill results, at Thomson's Bygoo tin project, include 35m at 2.1% Sn. Tomson Resources has a very capable and experienced team, which is led by Eoin Rothery, CEO and Lindsay B Gilligan PSM - Chairman. According to Mr. Rothery, the company would like to declare the resource on the project by the end of 2016. Mr. Rothery believes that with new technologies where tin is now being utilized, it is the metal of the future. The International Tin Research Institute is predicting an upswing in prices over the next five to ten years.
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Mike Page, Director and Former Interim CEO of Stratabound Minerals Corp. (TSXV: SB) Discusses the Reorganization and Merger with Silver Stream Mining Corp. in an Interview with Dr. Allen Alper
by Dr. Allen Alper, PhD Economic Geology and Petrology, Columbia University, NYC, USA


Mr. Mike Page, Director and former Interim CEO of Stratabound Minerals Corp. (TSXV: SB) talks about how the turn in market conditions and events revitalized Stratabound and led to its relisting and merger and reorganization with Silver Stream Mining Corp. The current metal prices and good exploration properties in New Brunswick paved the ground for a seventy percent Silver Stream, thirty percent Stratabound merger. With 40 years in the Industry, Mike executes on his substantial expertise in exploration geology for Stratabound Minerals.
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Interview of Paul West-Sells, President and CEO of Western Copper and Gold Corporation (TSX: WRN; NYSE MKT: WRN)
by Dr. Allen Alper, PhD Economic Geology and Petrology, Columbia University, NYC, USA


Last summer Goldman Sachs took a look at all the copper projects in the copper universe and ranked Western Copper and Gold Corporation number one based on economics. The Yukon is getting a lot of attention these days, after Goldcorp’s recent offer to enter into the territory. The company is led by the very competent Paul West-Sells, President and CEO and a very knowledgeable Board and team.
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TomaGold (TSX: LOT) Advances Monster Lake Canadian Gold Project with a JV Agreement with IAMGOLD
by Allen Alper Jr.


TomaGold (TSX: LOT) is currently working with IAMGOLD to advance its Canadian-based gold project through continuous drilling programs. TomaGold (TSX: LOT) President and CEO, David Grondin, with IAMGOLD’s funding and experienced team, is advancing the Monster Lake gold project. Monster Lake is the most recent high-grade gold discovery in eastern Canada.
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Featured News
Global Metal Cans, Barrels, Drums and Pails Industry
NEW YORK, July 25, 2016 /PRNewswire/ -- This report analyzes the worldwide markets for Metal Cans, Barrels, Drums and Pails in Million Units and US$ Million by the following Product Segments: Metal Cans (Aluminum Cans, Steel Cans), Metal Barrels, and Metal Drums & Pails. The Global and Regional Markets are further analyzed in terms of Volume Sales by the following End-Use Segments: Beverages, Food, Aerosols, and General Line. The report provides separate comprehensive analytics for the US, Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific, Middle East & Africa, and Latin America. Annual estimates and forecasts are provided for the period 2015 through 2022. Also, a six-year historic analysis is provided for these markets. Market data and analytics are derived from primary and secondary research. Company profiles are primarily based on public domain information including company URLs. The report profiles 158 companies including many key and niche players such as -

Anheuser-Busch Companies, Inc.
ArcelorMitta
Ardagh Group S.A
Ball Corporation
BWAY Corporation



Read the full report: http://www.reportlinker.com/p0397832-summary/view-report.html



I. INTRODUCTION, METHODOLOGY & PRODUCT DEFINITIONS

Study Reliability and Reporting Limitations I-1 Disclaimers.............. I-2 Data Interpretation & Reporting Level I-2 Quantitative Techniques & Analytics I-3 Product Definitions and Scope of Study I-3 Product Segments.............. I-4 Metal Cans.............. I-4 Metal Barrels.............. I-4 Metal Drums & Pails..............I-4 End-Use Segments.............. I-4 Beverage Cans.............. I-4 Food Cans.............. I-4 Aerosol Containers..............I-4 General Line.............. I-4



II. EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

1. INDUSTRY OVERVIEW.............. II-1 Metal Cans: A Convenient, Cost-Friendly, Eco-Friendly, and Safe Packaging Option..............II-1 Metal Cans: Complete Recyclability Provides the Critical Advantage.............. II-2 Growing Preference for Convenient, Affordable, Safe, and Healthy Food: Foundation for Market Growth II-3 Key Safe and Convenient Attributes of Canned Foods & Beverages II-3 Canned Foods and Beverages: Low Priced and Convenient II-3 Rising Preference for 'At Home' Food Consumption II-4 Convenience Muscles Growth in Metal Food Packaging II-4 Preserving Flavor: A Vital Functionality Promoting Demand for and Production of Beverage Cans II-5 Table 1: Global Production of Beverage Cans (2005-2015): Volume Production in Billions of Units (includes corresponding Graph/Chart)..............II-5

Table 2: Global Beverage Can Market by Geographic Region (2015E): Percentage Breakdown of Volume Share for Asia-Pacific, Europe, Latin America, Middle East & Africa, and North America (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-6 Market Fortunes Intrinsically Tied to the Metal Packaging Industry.............. II-6 Despite Competition from Plastics, Metal Beverage Packaging Continue to Grow Steadily..............II-8 Metal Packaging's Superiority over Other Packaging Materials II-8 Global Market Outlook..............II-9 Developed Markets: Traditional Revenue Contributors II-10 Developing Countries: Spearheading Growth II-11 Competition: Rexam, Ball, Crown, and Ardagh Dominate Metal Can Manufacturing Worldwide..............II-12 Table 3: Leading Metal Can Companies Worldwide (2015): Percentage Share Breakdown for Ball, Can-Pack, Crown, Metal Container Corp., Rexam, and Others (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).............. II-12 Beverage Cans: Competitive Landscape II-13 Table 4: Leading Players in the Global Beverage Cans Market (2015): Percentage Breakdown of Value Sales for Ball Corp., Crown, Metal Container Corp., Rexam, and Others (includes corresponding Graph/Chart)..............II-13 Food Cans: Competitive Landscape II-13 Intense Competition and New Markets Drive M&A Activity II-14 Rising Raw Material Costs Hamper Profitability II-14 Sustainability Factor Assumes Prominence II-15 Emerging Markets: The New Manufacturing Hub for Aluminum Can Stock Production..............II-15

2. MARKET TRENDS, ISSUES & DRIVERS II-16 Increasing Consumption of Various Beverages Worldwide Drive Healthy Growth for Metal Cans II-16 Table 5: Global Proliferation of Beverages by Type (2015E): Percentage Penetration (%) for Beer, Bottled Water, Carbonated Soft Drinks, Instant Coffee, Liquid Milk, Powdered Juice, R&G Coffee, RTD Juice, RTD Tea, and Tea Bags (includes corresponding Graph/Chart)..............II-17

Table 6: Global Beverages Sales (in Billion Liters) for the Years 2014-2018 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-17

Table 7: Global Beverage Consumption by Category (2015): Percentage Share for Hot Drinks, Packaged Water, Dairy/Milk-based Drinks, CSD, Beer & Cider, Juices, and Others(includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-18

Table 8: Global Metal Cans Consumption by Beverage Category (2015): Percentage Breakdown for Beer, CSD, Energy Drinks, Still Drinks, RTD Coffee, RTD Tea, Sports Drinks, and Others (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-18

Table 9: Global Consumption of Non-Alcoholic Beverages by Type (2015): Percentage Breakdown of Value Sales for Bottled Water, Carbonated Beverage, Fruit/Vegetable Juice, Ready-to-Drink Tea, and Sports/ Energy Drink (includes corresponding Graph/Chart)..............II-19 Alcoholic Spirits and Wines: A Challenging, Yet Lucrative Market for Metal Cans..............II-19 Increasing Beer Production Spells Opportunities for Metal Cans II-20 Table 10: Metal Can Usage for Beer Packaging in Select Countries (2013): Beer Producing Country, Beer Production (MM Kiloliters), and Percentage Metal Can Use (includes corresponding Graph/Chart)..............II-20 Aluminum Cans: Replacing Glass in Beer and Soft Drink Segments II-21 Demand for Aluminum Beverage Cans Gain Momentum II-21 Metal Cans as the Preferred Packaging Format for Food Packaging Benefit Market Expansion II-22 Table 11: Global Food Metal Cans Market by Application (2015 & 2018): Percentage Breakdown of Volume Sales for Convenience Food, Meat/Seafood, Vegetables & Fruits, and Others (includes corresponding Graph/Chart)..............II-23 BPA in Food Cans Cleared by the FDA: A Game Changer for Metal Cans.............. II-23 Reduce, Recycle, and Re-use Attributes Drive Demand for Metal Cans in Industrial Packaging..............II-24 Table 12: Global Market for Industrial Packaging by Type (2015): Percentage Breakdown of Consumption for Crates, Drums, Pails, Sacks, and Others (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).............. II-24 Aluminum Aerosol Cans and Canisters: Strong End-use Demand Spurs Growth.............. II-25 Table 13: Global Aerosol Can Production (in Billion Units): 2007-2014E (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-25 Beauty and Cosmetics: The Dominant End-User Segment for Aerosol Cans.............. II-25 Table 14: Global Aluminum Aerosol Cans Market by End-use Sector (2015E): Percentage Share Breakdown for Cosmetics, Food, Household & Technical Products, and Pharmaceuticals (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-26

Table 15: Global Aluminum Aerosol Cans Market by Geographic Region (2015E): Percentage Breakdown of Volume Share for Europe, North America, and Rest of World (includes corresponding Graph/Chart)..............II-27 Growing Environmental Consciousness Promote Demand for Steel Cans II-27 Demand for Steel Aerosol Containers Gain Momentum II-28 Packaging Steel Recycling: Environmental Benefits II-28 Steel: A Sustainable Packaging Metal for Food Items II-29 Research Backs Benefits of Steel Cans in Food Packaging II-30 Rising Popularity of Retail Ready Packaging (RRP) Bodes Well for Steel Cans.............. II-30 Table 16: Global Demand for RRP by Geographic Region (2013 & 2020): Percentage Share Breakdown for North America, Latin America, Western Europe, Eastern Europe, Middle East, Africa, and Asia-Pacific (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).............. II-31 Favorable Demographic & Economic Trends Strengthen Market Prospects.............. II-31 Rapid Urbanization Worldwide..............II-32 Table 17: World Urban Population in Thousands: 1950-2050P (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-32

Table 18: Degree of Urbanization Worldwide: Urban Population as a % of Total Population by Geographic Region for the Years 1990, 2014 & 2050 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-33 Burgeoning Middle Class Population II-33 Table 19: Global Middle Class Population by Geographic Region: Percentage Share Breakdown for 2010, 2020P & 2030P (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-34 Key Challenges Hampering Growth Prospects for Metal Cans II-35 Bio-Plastics to Bite into the Share of Metal Cans II-35 90% Recycled Aluminum Suffers Slow Uptake II-35 Standardized Container Shapes: A Key Limiting Factor II-35 User and Content Safety Issues Continue to Haunt Metal Cans II-36 Flexible Packaging to Displace Rigid Packaging II-36

3. METAL CAN INNOVATIONS AND ADVANCEMENTS II-38 Lightweight, Durable and Flexible Super-Steel II-39 Re-sealable Metal Cans..............II-40 Light-weight Aluminum Aerosols Cans II-40 Runway & Jazz Aerosol Cans..............II-41 Transfer Cap.............. II-41 Novel Aerosol Cans from Crown and Ball II-41 Innovative Food Can Doused with Nitrogen II-42 Other Noteworthy Metal Can Innovations and Advancements II-42 Advancements in Lacquers..............II-42 Ultra-thin Packaging Steel..............II-42 Metal Embossing.............. II-42 Eco-friendly Coating Material II-43 Technology Developments in the Recent Past II-43 Coated Steel Packaging Materials II-43 New Aerosol Technology..............II-43 Contoured Cans and Active Packaging II-43 Automatic Self-cooling and Self-heating Beverage and Food Cans II-44 Push Plus End Tabs For Beverage Cans II-44 Can-O-Mat and End-O-Mat Systems II-44 Steel and Life Cans..............II-44 Hygienic Beverage Can Concept II-45 New Bottle Cans from Daiwa Cans II-45 Necked-In Cans: A Revolutionary Concept II-46 Silver Arrow's Distinct Look Innovative Cans II-46 Prototype IC Can, a Self-Chilling Aluminum Container from Tempra Technology.............. II-46 Self-Heating/Chilling Cans..............II-47 Appealing Beverage Cans..............II-47 New Form of Paint Can Lids..............II-48 EZO Lids for Cans..............II-48

4. PRODUCT OVERVIEW.............. II-49 Product Segments.............. II-49 Metal Cans.............. II-49 Steel Cans.............. II-49 End-Usage.............. II-49 Foundations of a Foolproof Packaging II-49 The Preferred Packaging Mode for Paint Industry II-50 Aluminum Cans.............. II-50 Benefits of Aluminum Cans..............II-50 Manufacturing of Metal Cans: A Review II-50 Early 19th Century: First Manually Made Cans II-50 Manufacturing Process..............II-51 Can Body.............. II-51 The Can End.............. II-51 Classification by Type..............II-51 Three Piece Cans..............II-51 Straight Sides.............. II-52 "Crimped" Cans.............. II-52 Two Piece Cans.............. II-52 Classification by Style..............II-52 Metal Paint Cans..............II-52 Metal Slip Cover Cans..............II-52 Metal F Style Cans..............II-52 Metal Barrels.............. II-52 Classification.............. II-53 Closed Top Metal Barrels..............II-53 Open Top Metal Barrels..............II-53 Drums & Pails.............. II-53 Drums.............. II-53 Classification.............. II-54 Closed Top Metal Drums..............II-54 Open Top Metal Drums..............II-54 Steel Drums - The Chosen One for Bulk Packaging II-54 Stability in the Steel Drum Market II-54 Pails.............. II-54 Classification.............. II-55 Closed Top Metal Pails..............II-55 Open Top Metal Pails..............II-55 End-Use Segments.............. II-55 Beverage Cans.............. II-56 Food Cans.............. II-56 Aerosol Containers.............. II-56 General Line.............. II-56

5. RECYCLING: THE NECESSITY..............II-57 Recycling Provides Auxiliary Support, Reduces Cost to Industry, Cuts Environmental Costs II-57 State Laws Augment Recycling..............II-57 Recycling: Designing a Success Plan II-57 Markets for Non-Reusable Steel Cans II-58 Aluminum: Apt for Recycling..............II-58 Drum Collection: Issues Involved II-58

6. PRODUCT LAUNCHES.............. II-59 Mead Johnson Unveils Enfinitas in a New Can by Ardargh for the Asian Market.............. II-59 Ardargh Pioneers the Manufacture of Lightest Aluminum Can for Seafood.............. II-59 Faultless Starch to Roll out its Products in the New G3-HD Aerosol Can by Ball..............II-59 Crown Rolls out High-End Metal Tins for Lov Organic Tea Brand II-59 Crown Develops CrownSmart..............II-59 Rexam Introduces Novel Cans for Schwarze Eule II-59 Rexam Designs Limited Edition Cans for Big Shock II-59 Crown Rolls out New Beverage Can Sizes for Latin American Market II-59 Crown Introduces Cottle Can..............II-60 Bud Light Unveils NFL Team Cans..............II-60 Bud Light Rolls out Cans for the Super Bowl II-60 Ball Corp. Unveils G3-HD..............II-60 Crown to Debut New Advanced Packaging Solutions in Nuremberg II-60 Bon Affair Forays into Single-Serve Format with Rexam's Fusion Bottle.............. II-60 Noah's Spring Water Offers Bottled Water with Rexam Cap Can® II-60 BudLight Unveils Limited Edition Cans II-60 Weidenhammer Packaging Rolls out New Line of Composite Cans II-60

7. RECENT INDUSTRY ACTIVITY..............II-61 Ball Corporation Secures European Regulatory Clearance for Acquisition of Rexam..............II-61 Crown Voices Intention to Set up New Beverage Can Production Facility.............. II-61 Anheuser-Busch Inaugurates New Line at Arnold Production Unit II-61 Crown Holdings to Add Second Line for Beverage Cans in Turkey II-61 Crown Inaugurates Second Line of Beverage Can Production II-61 Crown to Set up New Beverage Can Facility in Mexico II-61 Anheuser-Busch to Expand Jacksonville Facility II-61 Crown Takes over EMPAQUE from Heineken II-61 Ball Corp. Acquires 100% Stake in Latapack-Ball Embalagens II-62 Ball Corp. Voices Plans to Add New Production Line in Velim Plant II-62 Ball Corp. Inaugurates Aluminum Aerosol Unit in Ahmedabad II-62 Silgan to Set up New Production Unit in Burlington II-62 Crown Takes over Mivisa Envases..............II-62 Showa Denko to Acquire Majority Stake in Hanacans II-62 Norsk Hydro Expands Recycling Capacity II-62 Anheuser-Busch to Upgrade Arnold Facility II-62

8. FOCUS ON SELECT GLOBAL PLAYERS..............II-63 Anheuser-Busch Companies, Inc. (US) II-63 Metal Container Corp. (US)..............II-63 ArcelorMittal (Luxembourg)..............II-63 Ardagh Group S.A. (Luxembourg) II-64 Ball Corporation (US)..............II-64 BWAY Corporation (US)..............II-65 Can-Pack S. A. (Poland)..............II-65 Cleveland Steel Container Corporation (US) II-65 Crown Holdings, Inc. (US)..............II-66 Rexam Plc (UK).............. II-66 Great Western Containers Inc. (Canada) II-67 Hapag-Lloyd AG (Germany)..............II-67 Litalsa Litografía Alavesa (Spain) II-67 SCHÜTZ GmbH & Co. KGaA (Germany) II-68 Silgan Holdings Inc. (US)..............II-68 Skolnik Industries, Inc. (US)..............II-68 Tata Steel Group (India)..............II-68 Tata Steel Packaging (The Netherlands) II-69 ThyssenKrupp Rasselstein GmbH (Germany) II-69 Toyo Seikan Group Holdings Ltd. (Japan) II-69 U. S. Steel Ko ice, s.r.o. (Slovakia) II-70 Universal Can Corporation (Japan) II-70

9. GLOBAL MARKET PERSPECTIVE..............II-71 A. Unit Analytics.............. II-71 Table 20: World Recent Past, Current & Future Analysis for Metal Cans, Barrels, Drums & Pails by Geographic Region - US, Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific (excluding Japan), Middle East & Africa and Latin American Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in Million Units for Years 2015 through 2022 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-71

Table 21: World Historic Review for Metal Cans, Barrels, Drums & Pails by Geographic Region - US, Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific (excluding Japan), Middle East & Africa and Latin American Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in Million Units for Years 2009 through 2014 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-72

Table 22: World 14-Year Perspective for Metal Cans, Barrels, Drums & Pails by Geographic Region - Percentage Breakdown of Unit Sales for US, Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific (excluding Japan), Middle East & Africa and Latin American Markets for Years 2009, 2016 & 2022 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).............. II-73 Analytics by Product Segment..............II-74 Table 23: World Recent Past, Current & Future Analysis for Metal Cans by Geographic Region - US, Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific (excluding Japan), Middle East & Africa and Latin American Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in Million Units for Years 2015 through 2022 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-74

Table 24: World Historic Review for Metal Cans by Geographic Region - US, Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific (excluding Japan), Middle East & Africa and Latin American Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in Million Units for Years 2009 through 2014 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).............. II-75

Table 25: World 14-Year Perspective for Metal Cans by Geographic Region - Percentage Breakdown of Unit Sales for US, Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific (excluding Japan), Middle East & Africa and Latin American Markets for Years 2009, 2016 & 2022 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-76

Table 26: World Recent Past, Current & Future Analysis for Metal Cans by Product Type - Aluminum Cans and Steel Cans Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in Million Units for Years 2015 through 2022 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart)..............II-77

Table 27: World Historic Review for Metal Cans by Product Type - Aluminum Cans and Steel Cans Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in Million Units for Years 2009 through 2014 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-78

Table 28: World 14-Year Perspective for Metal Cans by Product Type - Percentage Breakdown of Unit Sales for Aluminum Cans and Steel Cans Markets for Years 2009, 2016 & 2022 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-79

Table 29: World Recent Past, Current & Future Analysis for Aluminum Cans by Geographic Region - US, Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific (excluding Japan), Middle East & Africa and Latin American Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in Million Units for Years 2015 through 2022 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-80

Table 30: World Historic Review for Aluminum Cans by Geographic Region - US, Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific (excluding Japan), Middle East & Africa and Latin American Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in Million Units for Years 2009 through 2014 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart)..............II-81

Table 31: World 14-Year Perspective for Aluminum Cans by Geographic Region - Percentage Breakdown of Unit Sales for US, Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific (excluding Japan), Middle East & Africa and Latin American Markets for Years 2009, 2016 & 2022 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-82

Table 32: World Recent Past, Current & Future Analysis for Steel Cans by Geographic Region - US, Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific (excluding Japan), Middle East & Africa and Latin American Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in Million Units for Years 2015 through 2022 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-83

Table 33: World Historic Review for Steel Cans by Geographic Region - US, Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific (excluding Japan), Middle East & Africa and Latin American Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in Million Units for Years 2009 through 2014 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).............. II-84

Table 34: World 14-Year Perspective for Steel Cans by Geographic Region - Percentage Breakdown of Unit Sales for US, Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific (excluding Japan), Middle East & Africa and Latin American Markets for Years 2009, 2016 & 2022 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-85

Table 35: World Recent Past, Current & Future Analysis for Metal Barrels by Geographic Region - US, Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific (excluding Japan), Middle East & Africa and Latin American Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in Million Units for Years 2015 through 2022 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-86

Table 36: World Historic Review for Metal Barrels by Geographic Region - US, Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific (excluding Japan), Middle East & Africa and Latin American Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in Million Units for Years 2009 through 2014 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart)..............II-87

Table 37: World 14-Year Perspective for Metal Barrels by Geographic Region - Percentage Breakdown of Unit Sales for US, Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific (excluding Japan), Middle East & Africa and Latin American Markets for Years 2009, 2016 & 2022 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-88

Table 38: World Recent Past, Current & Future Analysis for Metal Drums & Pails by Geographic Region - US, Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific (excluding Japan), Middle East & Africa and Latin American Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in Million Units for Years 2015 through 2022 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-89

Table 39: World Historic Review for Metal Drums & Pails by Geographic Region - US, Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific (excluding Japan), Middle East & Africa and Latin American Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in Million Units for Years 2009 through 2014 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart)..............II-90

Table 40: World 14-Year Perspective for Metal Drums & Pails by Geographic Region - Percentage Breakdown of Unit Sales for US, Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific (excluding Japan), Middle East & Africa and Latin American Markets for Years 2009, 2016 & 2022 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-91 Analytics by End-Use Industry II-92 Table 41: World Recent Past, Current & Future Analysis for Metal Cans, Barrels, Drums & Pails Use in Beverage Industry by Geographic Region - US, Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific (excluding Japan), Middle East & Africa and Latin American Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in Million Units for Years 2015 through 2022 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-92

Table 42: World Historic Review for Metal Cans, Barrels, Drums & Pails Use in Beverage Industry by Geographic Region - US, Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific (excluding Japan), Middle East & Africa and Latin American Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in Million Units for Years 2009 through 2014 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).............. II-93

Table 43: World 14-Year Perspective for Metal Cans, Barrels, Drums & Pails Use in Beverage Industry by Geographic Region - Percentage Breakdown of Unit Sales for US, Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific (excluding Japan), Middle East & Africa and Latin American Markets for Years 2009, 2016 & 2022 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-94

Table 44: World Recent Past, Current & Future Analysis for Metal Cans, Barrels, Drums & Pails Use in Food Industry by Geographic Region - US, Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific (excluding Japan), Middle East & Africa and Latin American Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in Million Units for Years 2015 through 2022 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart)..............II-95

Table 45: World Historic Review for Metal Cans, Barrels, Drums & Pails Use in Food Industry by Geographic Region - US, Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific (excluding Japan), Middle East & Africa and Latin American Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in Million Units for Years 2009 through 2014 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).............. II-96

Table 46: World 14-Year Perspective for Metal Cans, Barrels, Drums & Pails Use in Food Industry by Geographic Region - Percentage Breakdown of Unit Sales for US, Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific (excluding Japan), Middle East & Africa and Latin American Markets for Years 2009, 2016 & 2022 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-97

Table 47: World Recent Past, Current & Future Analysis for Metal Cans, Barrels, Drums & Pails Use in Aerosol Containers Industry by Geographic Region - US, Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific (excluding Japan), Middle East & Africa and Latin American Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in Million Units for Years 2015 through 2022 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-98

Table 48: World Historic Review for Metal Cans, Barrels, Drums & Pails Use in Aerosol Containers Industry by Geographic Region - US, Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific (excluding Japan), Middle East & Africa and Latin American Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in Million Units for Years 2009 through 2014 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart)..............II-99

Table 49: World 14-Year Perspective for Metal Cans, Barrels, Drums & Pails Use in Aerosol Containers Industry by Geographic Region - Percentage Breakdown of Unit Sales for US, Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific (excluding Japan), Middle East & Africa and Latin American Markets for Years 2009, 2016 & 2022 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-100

Table 50: World Recent Past, Current & Future Analysis for Metal Cans, Barrels, Drums & Pails Use in General Line Applications by Geographic Region - US, Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific (excluding Japan), Middle East & Africa and Latin American Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in Million Units for Years 2015 through 2022 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-101

Table 51: World Historic Review for Metal Cans, Barrels, Drums & Pails Use in General Line Applications by Geographic Region - US, Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific (excluding Japan), Middle East & Africa and Latin American Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in Million Units for Years 2009 through 2014 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).............. II-102

Table 52: World 14-Year Perspective for Metal Cans, Barrels, Drums & Pails Use in General Line Applications by Geographic Region - Percentage Breakdown of Unit Sales for US, Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific (excluding Japan), Middle East & Africa and Latin American Markets for Years 2009, 2016 & 2022 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-103 B. Dollar Analytics.............. II-104 Table 53: World Recent Past, Current & Future Analysis for Metal Cans, Barrels, Drums & Pails by Geographic Region - US, Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific (excluding Japan), Middle East & Africa and Latin American Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in US$ Million for Years 2015 through 2022 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-104

Table 54: World Historic Review for Metal Cans, Barrels, Drums & Pails by Geographic Region - US, Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific (excluding Japan), Middle East & Africa and Latin American Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in US$ Million for Years 2009 through 2014 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-105

Table 55: World 14-Year Perspective for Metal Cans, Barrels, Drums & Pails by Geographic Region - Percentage Breakdown of Dollar Sales for US, Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific (excluding Japan), Middle East & Africa and Latin American Markets for Years 2009, 2016 & 2022 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).............. II-106 Analytics by Product Segment..............II-107 Table 56: World Recent Past, Current & Future Analysis for Metal Cans by Geographic Region - US, Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific (excluding Japan), Middle East & Africa and Latin American Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in US$ Million for Years 2015 through 2022 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-107

Table 57: World Historic Review for Metal Cans by Geographic Region - US, Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific (excluding Japan), Middle East & Africa and Latin American Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in US$ Million for Years 2009 through 2014 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).............. II-108

Table 58: World 14-Year Perspective for Metal Cans by Geographic Region - Percentage Breakdown of Dollar Sales for US, Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific (excluding Japan), Middle East & Africa and Latin American Markets for Years 2009, 2016 & 2022 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-109

Table 59: World Recent Past, Current & Future Analysis for Metal Cans by Product Type - Aluminum Cans and Steel Cans Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in US$ Million for Years 2015 through 2022 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart)..............II-110

Table 60: World Historic Review for Metal Cans by Product Type - Aluminum Cans and Steel Cans Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in US$ Million for Years 2009 through 2014 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-111

Table 61: World 14-Year Perspective for Metal Cans by Product Type - Percentage Breakdown of Dollar Sales for Aluminum Cans and Steel Cans Markets for Years 2009, 2016 & 2022 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-112

Table 62: World Recent Past, Current & Future Analysis for Aluminum Cans by Geographic Region - US, Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific (excluding Japan), Middle East & Africa and Latin American Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in US$ Million for Years 2015 through 2022 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-113

Table 63: World Historic Review for Aluminum Cans by Geographic Region - US, Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific (excluding Japan), Middle East & Africa and Latin American Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in US$ Million for Years 2009 through 2014 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart)..............II-114

Table 64: World 14-Year Perspective for Aluminum Cans by Geographic Region - Percentage Breakdown of Dollar Sales for US, Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific (excluding Japan), Middle East & Africa and Latin American Markets for Years 2009, 2016 & 2022 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-115

Table 65: World Recent Past, Current & Future Analysis for Steel Cans by Geographic Region - US, Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific (excluding Japan), Middle East & Africa and Latin American Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in US$ Million for Years 2015 through 2022 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-116

Table 66: World Historic Review for Steel Cans by Geographic Region - US, Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific (excluding Japan), Middle East & Africa and Latin American Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in US$ Million for Years 2009 through 2014 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).............. II-117

Table 67: World 14-Year Perspective for Steel Cans by Geographic Region - Percentage Breakdown of Dollar Sales for US, Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific (excluding Japan), Middle East & Africa and Latin American Markets for Years 2009, 2016 & 2022 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-118

Table 68: World Recent Past, Current & Future Analysis for Metal Barrels by Geographic Region - US, Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific (excluding Japan), Middle East & Africa and Latin American Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in US$ Million for Years 2015 through 2022 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-119

Table 69: World Historic Review for Metal Barrels by Geographic Region - US, Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific (excluding Japan), Middle East & Africa and Latin American Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in US$ Million for Years 2009 through 2014 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart)..............II-120

Table 70: World 14-Year Perspective for Metal Barrels by Geographic Region - Percentage Breakdown of Dollar Sales for US, Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific (excluding Japan), Middle East & Africa and Latin American Markets for Years 2009, 2016 & 2022 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-121

Table 71: World Recent Past, Current & Future Analysis for Metal Drums & Pails by Geographic Region - US, Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific (excluding Japan), Middle East & Africa and Latin American Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in US$ Million for Years 2015 through 2022 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-122

Table 72: World Historic Review for Metal Drums & Pails by Geographic Region - US, Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific (excluding Japan), Middle East & Africa and Latin American Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in US$ Million for Years 2009 through 2014 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart)..............II-123

Table 73: World 14-Year Perspective for Metal Drums & Pails by Geographic Region - Percentage Breakdown of Dollar Sales for US, Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific (excluding Japan), Middle East & Africa and Latin American Markets for Years 2009, 2016 & 2022 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-124



III. MARKET

1. THE UNITED STATES.............. III-1 A.Market Analysis.............. III-1 Current & Future Analysis..............III-1 Despite Competition from Plastics, Metal Cans Continue to Sustain Healthy Growth..............III-1 Product Innovations and Favorable Demographics Benefit Demand for Beverage Cans..............III-1 Table 74: Metal Cans Market in the US by Segment (2014 & 2020): Percentage Breakdown of Volume Sales for Aerosol Cans, Beverage Cans, Food Cans, and Others (includes corresponding Graph/Chart)..............III-2 Backed by Distinctive Metal Packaging, Craft Brewers Register Steady Growth..............III-3 Table 75: Beer Packaging Mix in North America (2015E): Percentage Share Breakdown of Consumption for Cans, Glass, and Draught Beer (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-3 High Recyclability, Portability, and Lightweight Attributes Drive Faster Growth for Aluminum Cans III-3 Table 76: Recycled Content in Beverage Containers by Material - Breakdown of Rate of Content for Aluminum, Glass, and PET (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-4

Table 77: Consumer Beverage Container Recycling Rates for Aluminum, Glass, and PET (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).............. III-4 Sales of Energy Drinks Packaged in Aluminum Cans Picks Up III-5 Innovations in Food Can Packages to Augment Demand III-5 Metal Cans: Competitive Landscape III-5 Table 78: Leading Players in the North American Metal Food Packaging Market (2015E): Percentage Breakdown of Volume Sales for Ball, Crown, Silgan, and Others (includes corresponding Graph/Chart)..............III-5

Table 79: Leading Beverage Can Companies in North America (2015E): Percentage Breakdown of Volume Sales for Ball Corp., Crown, Metal Container Corp., Rexam, and Others (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-6

Table 80: Leading Players in the US Food Cans Market (2015E): Percentage Market Share of Volume Sales for Ardagh, Ball, Crown, Silgan, and Others (includes corresponding Graph/Chart)..............III-6

Table 81: Food Cans Market in the US by End-use (2015E): Percentage Breakdown of Volume Sales for Fruits, Pet Food, Soup, Vegetables, and Others (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).............. III-6

Table 82: Leading Players in the US Steel Aerosol Cans Market (2015E): Percentage Market Share of Volume Sales for Ball, BWAY, Crown, DS Container and Others (includes corresponding Graph/Chart)..............III-7 Healthcare and Cosmetics Industries Offer Lucrative Opportunities for Aerosols..............III-7 Steel Drums: The Preferred Bulk Packaging Material III-7 Regulatory Environment: EPA Emission Standards for Metal Cans Coating Industry..............III-7 Product Launches..............III-8 Strategic Corporate Developments III-8 Select Key Players..............III-9 B.Market Analytics..............III-13 Unit Analytics.............. III-13 Table 83: US Recent Past, Current & Future Analysis for Metal Cans, Barrels, Drums & Pails by Product Group/Segment - Metal Cans (Aluminum Cans and Steel Cans), Metal Barrels, and Metal Drums & Pails Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in Million Units for Years 2015 through 2022 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-13

Table 84: US Historic Review for Metal Cans, Barrels, Drums & Pails by Product Group/Segment - Metal Cans (Aluminum Cans and Steel Cans), Metal Barrels, and Metal Drums & Pails Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in Million Units for Years 2009 through 2014 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-14

Table 85: US 14-Year Perspective for Metal Cans, Barrels, Drums & Pails by Product Group/Segment - Percentage Breakdown of Unit Sales for Metal Cans (Aluminum Cans and Steel Cans), Metal Barrels, and Metal Drums & Pails Markets for Years 2009, 2016 & 2022 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).............. III-15

Table 86: US Recent Past, Current & Future Analysis for Metal Cans, Barrels, Drums & Pails by End-Use Segment - Beverages, Food, Aerosols and General Line Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in Million Units for Years 2015 through 2022 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).............. III-16

Table 87: US Historic Review for Metal Cans, Barrels, Drums & Pails by End-Use Segment - Beverages, Food, Aerosols and General Line Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in Million Units for Years 2009 through 2014 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-17

Table 88: US 14-Year Perspective for Metal Cans, Barrels, Drums & Pails by End-Use Segment - Percentage Breakdown of Unit Sales for Beverages, Food, Aerosols and General Line Markets for Years 2009, 2016 & 2022 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).............. III-18 Dollar Analytics..............III-19 Table 89: US Recent Past, Current & Future Analysis for Metal Cans, Barrels, Drums & Pails by Product Group/Segment - Metal Cans (Aluminum Cans and Steel Cans), Metal Barrels, and Metal Drums & Pails Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in US$ Million for Years 2015 through 2022 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-19

Table 90: US Historic Review for Metal Cans, Barrels, Drums & Pails by Product Group/ Segment - Metal Cans (Aluminum Cans and Steel Cans), Metal Barrels, and Metal Drums & Pails Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in US$ Million for Years 2009 through 2014 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-20

Table 91: US 14-Year Perspective for Metal Cans, Barrels, Drums & Pails by Product Group/Segment - Percentage Breakdown of Dollar Sales for Metal Cans (Aluminum Cans and Steel Cans), Metal Barrels, and Metal Drums & Pails Markets for Years 2009, 2016 & 2022 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).............. III-21

2. CANADA.............. III-22 A.Market Analysis.............. III-22 Current & Future Analysis..............III-22 Growing Food & Beverages Market Spurs Demand for Metal Cans III-22 Great Western Containers Inc. - A Major Canada-Based Company III-22 B.Market Analytics..............III-23 Unit Analytics.............. III-23 Table 92: Canadian Recent Past, Current & Future Analysis for Metal Cans, Barrels, Drums & Pails by Product Group/Segment - Metal Cans (Aluminum Cans and Steel Cans), Metal Barrels, and Metal Drums & Pails Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in Million Units for Years 2015 through 2022 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).............. III-23

Table 93: Canadian Historic Review for Metal Cans, Barrels, Drums & Pails by Product Group/Segment - Metal Cans (Aluminum Cans and Steel Cans), Metal Barrels, and Metal Drums & Pails Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in Million Units for Years 2009 through 2014 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-24

Table 94: Canadian 14-Year Perspective for Metal Cans, Barrels, Drums & Pails by Product Group/Segment - Percentage Breakdown of Unit Sales for Metal Cans (Aluminum Cans and Steel Cans), Metal Barrels, and Metal Drums & Pails Markets for Years 2009, 2016 & 2022 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart)..............III-25

Table 95: Canadian Recent Past, Current & Future Analysis for Metal Cans, Barrels, Drums & Pails by End-Use Segment - Beverages, Food, Aerosols and General Line Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in Million Units for Years 2015 through 2022 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).............. III-26

Table 96: Canadian Historic Review for Metal Cans, Barrels, Drums & Pails by End-Use Segment - Beverages, Food, Aerosols and General Line Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in Million Units for Years 2009 through 2014 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-27

Table 97: Canadian 14-Year Perspective for Metal Cans, Barrels, Drums & Pails by End-Use Segment - Percentage Breakdown of Unit Sales for Beverages, Food, Aerosols and General Line Markets for Years 2009, 2016 & 2022 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart)..............III-28 Dollar Analytics..............III-29 Table 98: Canadian Recent Past, Current & Future Analysis for Metal Cans, Barrels, Drums & Pails by Product Group/Segment - Metal Cans (Aluminum Cans and Steel Cans), Metal Barrels, and Metal Drums & Pails Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in US$ Million for Years 2015 through 2022 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).............. III-29

Table 99: Canadian Historic Review for Metal Cans, Barrels, Drums & Pails by Product Group/Segment - Metal Cans (Aluminum Cans and Steel Cans), Metal Barrels, and Metal Drums & Pails Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in US$ Million for Years 2009 through 2014 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-30

Table 100: Canadian 14-Year Perspective for Metal Cans, Barrels, Drums & Pails by Product Group/Segment - Percentage Breakdown of Dollar Sales for Metal Cans (Aluminum Cans and Steel Cans), Metal Barrels, and Metal Drums & Pails Markets for Years 2009, 2016 & 2022 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart)..............III-31

3. JAPAN.............. III-32 A.Market Analysis.............. III-32 Current & Future Analysis..............III-32 Higher Per Capita Consumption of Canned Beverages Drive Demand for Beverage Cans..............III-32 Beverage Cans Continue to Dominate the Japanese Metals Cans Market.............. III-33 Rising Popularity of Canned Coffee Spur Growth in Demand for Aluminum Cans.............. III-33 Table 101: Japanese Soft Drinks Packaging Market by Material (2015): Percentage Breakdown of Volume Sales for Aluminum Cans, PET/Plastic Bottles, Steel Cans, and Others (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-34 Recycling.............. III-34 Select Key Players..............III-34 B.Market Analytics..............III-35 Unit Analytics.............. III-35 Table 102: Japanese Recent Past, Current & Future Analysis for Metal Cans, Barrels, Drums & Pails by Product Group/Segment - Metal Cans (Aluminum Cans and Steel Cans), Metal Barrels, and Metal Drums & Pails Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in Million Units for Years 2015 through 2022 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).............. III-35

Table 103: Japanese Historic Review for Metal Cans, Barrels, Drums & Pails by Product Group/Segment - Metal Cans (Aluminum Cans and Steel Cans), Metal Barrels, and Metal Drums & Pails Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in Million Units for Years 2009 through 2014 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-36

Table 104: Japanese 14-Year Perspective for Metal Cans, Barrels, Drums & Pails by Product Group/Segment - Percentage Breakdown of Unit Sales for Metal Cans (Aluminum Cans and Steel Cans), Metal Barrels, and Metal Drums & Pails Markets for Years 2009, 2016 & 2022 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart)..............III-37

Table 105: Japanese Recent Past, Current & Future Analysis for Metal Cans, Barrels, Drums & Pails by End-Use Segment - Beverages, Food, Aerosols and General Line Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in Million Units for Years 2015 through 2022 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).............. III-38

Table 106: Japanese Historic Review for Metal Cans, Barrels, Drums & Pails by End-Use Segment - Beverages, Food, Aerosols and General Line Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in Million Units for Years 2009 through 2014 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).............. III-39

Table 107: Japanese 14-Year Perspective for Metal Cans, Barrels, Drums & Pails by End-Use Segment - Percentage Breakdown of Unit Sales for Beverages, Food, Aerosols and General Line Markets for Years 2009, 2016 & 2022 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart)..............III-40 Dollar Analytics..............III-41 Table 108: Japanese Recent Past, Current & Future Analysis for Metal Cans, Barrels, Drums & Pails by Product Group/Segment - Metal Cans (Aluminum Cans and Steel Cans), Metal Barrels, and Metal Drums & Pails Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in US$ Million for Years 2015 through 2022 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).............. III-41

Table 109: Japanese Historic Review for Metal Cans, Barrels, Drums & Pails by Product Group/ Segment - Metal Cans (Aluminum Cans and Steel Cans), Metal Barrels, and Metal Drums & Pails Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in US$ Million for Years 2009 through 2014 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-42

Table 110: Japanese 14-Year Perspective for Metal Cans, Barrels, Drums & Pails by Product Group/Segment - Percentage Breakdown of Dollar Sales for Metal Cans (Aluminum Cans and Steel Cans), Metal Barrels, and Metal Drums & Pails Markets for Years 2009, 2016 & 2022 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart)..............III-43

4. EUROPE.............. III-44 A.Market Analysis.............. III-44 Current & Future Analysis..............III-44 Metal Cans Market Overview..............III-44 Beer and Energy Drinks Consumption Boosts Demand for Beverage Cans.............. III-44 Table 111: Can Filling in Europe (2015): Percentage Breakdown of Units Filled for Beer and Soft Drinks (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-45

Table 112: Beer Can Filling in Europe (2015): Percentage Breakdown of Number of Units Filled by Country (includes corresponding Graph/Chart)..............III-45

Table 113: Soft Drinks Can Filling in Europe (2015): Percentage Breakdown of Number of Units Filled by Country (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-46 Metal Beverage Can Manufacturing in Europe III-46 Table 114: Leading Beverage Can Companies in Europe (2015E): Percentage Breakdown of Volume Sales for Ball Corp., Can-Pack, Crown Holdings, and Rexam (includes corresponding Graph/Chart)..............III-46

Table 115: Per Capita Consumption of Cans in Europe by Select Country/Region: 2014 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).............. III-47

Table 116: European Market for Food Cans by End-Use (2015E): Percentage Market Share for Fruits, Pet Food, Soups & Miscellaneous Foods, Vegetables, and Others (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-47

Table 117: Leading Players in the European Food Cans Market (2015E): Percentage Market Share of Volume Sales for Ardagh, Crown and Others (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).............. III-47 European Can Production Facilities of Select Manufacturers by Material (Steel/Aluminum) III-48 Steel Packaging Gathers Momentum in Central Europe III-49 Metal Packaging Recycling: A Gateway to Migrate towards Circular Economy.............. III-49 Rising Recycling Rates to Drive Demand for Steel Packaging III-50 Table 118: Recycling Rates of Major Packaging Materials in Europe (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-50 Table 119: Top 5 Steel Packaging Recyclers in Europe by Recycling Rate (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-51 Aluminum Cans Register Growth in Numbers, Market Share III-51 Cans for Carbonated Soft Drinks III-51 Cans for Take-Home Beer and Lager III-51 B.Market Analytics..............III-52 Unit Analytics.............. III-52 Table 120: European Recent Past, Current & Future Analysis for Metal Cans, Barrels, Drums & Pails by Geographic Region - France, Germany, Italy, UK, Spain, Russia, and Rest of Europe Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in Million Units for Years 2015 through 2022 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-52

Table 121: European Historic Review for Metal Cans, Barrels, Drums & Pails by Geographic Region - France, Germany, Italy, UK, Spain, Russia, and Rest of Europe Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in Million Units for Years 2009 through 2014 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart)..............III-53

Table 122: European 14-Year Perspective for Metal Cans, Barrels, Drums & Pails by Geographic Region - Percentage Breakdown of Unit Sales for France, Germany, Italy, UK, Spain, Russia, and Rest of Europe markets for Years 2009, 2016 & 2022 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-54

Table 123: European Recent Past, Current & Future Analysis for Metal Cans, Barrels, Drums & Pails by Product Group/Segment - Metal Cans (Aluminum Cans and Steel Cans), Metal Barrels, and Metal Drums & Pails Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in Million Units for Years 2015 through 2022 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).............. III-55

Table 124: European Historic Review for Metal Cans, Barrels, Drums & Pails by Product Group/Segment - Metal Cans (Aluminum Cans and Steel Cans), Metal Barrels, and Metal Drums & Pails Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in Million Units for Years 2009 through 2014 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-56

Table 125: European 14-Year Perspective for Metal Cans, Barrels, Drums & Pails by Product Group/Segment - Percentage Breakdown of Unit Sales for Metal Cans (Aluminum Cans and Steel Cans), Metal Barrels, and Metal Drums & Pails Markets for Years 2009, 2016 & 2022 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart)..............III-57

Table 126: European Recent Past, Current & Future Analysis for Metal Cans, Barrels, Drums & Pails by End-Use Segment - Beverages, Food, Aerosols and General Line Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in Million Units for Years 2015 through 2022 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).............. III-58

Table 127: European Historic Review for Metal Cans, Barrels, Drums & Pails by End-Use Segment - Beverages, Food, Aerosols and General Line Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in Million Units for Years 2009 through 2014 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).............. III-59

Table 128: European 14-Year Perspective for Metal Cans, Barrels, Drums & Pails by End-Use Segment - Percentage Breakdown of Unit Sales for Beverages, Food, Aerosols and General Line Markets for Years 2009, 2016 & 2022 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart)..............III-60 Dollar Analytics..............III-61 Table 129: European Recent Past, Current & Future Analysis for Metal Cans, Barrels, Drums & Pails by Geographic Region - France, Germany, Italy, UK, Spain, Russia, and Rest of Europe Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in US$ Million for Years 2015 through 2022 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-61

Table 130: European Historic Review for Metal Cans, Barrels, Drums & Pails by Geographic Region - France, Germany, Italy, UK, Spain, Russia, and Rest of Europe Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in US$ Million for Years 2009 through 2014 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart)..............III-62

Table 131: European 14-Year Perspective for Metal Cans, Barrels, Drums & Pails by Geographic Region - Percentage Breakdown of Dollar Sales for France, Germany, Italy, UK, Spain, Russia, and Rest of Europe Markets for Years 2009, 2016 & 2022 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-63

Table 132: European Recent Past, Current & Future Analysis for Metal Cans, Barrels, Drums & Pails by Product Group/Segment - Metal Cans (Aluminum Cans and Steel Cans), Metal Barrels, and Metal Drums & Pails Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in US$ Million for Years 2015 through 2022 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).............. III-64

Table 133: European Historic Review for Metal Cans, Barrels, Drums & Pails by Product Group/Segment - Metal Cans (Aluminum Cans and Steel Cans), Metal Barrels, and Metal Drums & Pails Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in US$ Million for Years 2009 through 2014 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-65

Table 134: European 14-Year Perspective for Metal Cans, Barrels, Drums & Pails by Product Group/Segment - Percentage Breakdown of Dollar Sales for Metal Cans (Aluminum Cans and Steel Cans), Metal Barrels, and Metal Drums & Pails Markets for Years 2009, 2016 & 2022 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart)..............III-66

4a. FRANCE.............. III-67 A.Market Analysis.............. III-67 Current & Future Analysis..............III-67 Beverage Can Consumption in France Registers a Rise III-67 Table 135: Can Filling in France (2015): Percentage Breakdown of Units Filled for Beer and Soft Drinks (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-67 B.Market Analytics..............III-68 Unit Analytics.............. III-68 Table 136: French Recent Past, Current & Future Analysis for Metal Cans, Barrels, Drums & Pails by Product Group/Segment - Metal Cans (Aluminum Cans and Steel Cans), Metal Barrels, and Metal Drums & Pails Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in Million Units for Years 2015 through 2022 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).............. III-68

Table 137: French Historic Review for Metal Cans, Barrels, Drums & Pails by Product Group/Segment - Metal Cans (Aluminum Cans and Steel Cans), Metal Barrels, and Metal Drums & Pails Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in Million Units for Years 2009 through 2014 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-69

Table 138: French 14-Year Perspective for Metal Cans, Barrels, Drums & Pails by Product Group/Segment - Percentage Breakdown of Unit Sales for Metal Cans (Aluminum Cans and Steel Cans), Metal Barrels, and Metal Drums & Pails Markets for Years 2009, 2016 & 2022 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart)..............III-70

Table 139: French Recent Past, Current & Future Analysis for Metal Cans, Barrels, Drums & Pails by End-Use Segment - Beverages, Food, Aerosols and General Line Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in Million Units for Years 2015 through 2022 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).............. III-71

Table 140: French Historic Review for Metal Cans, Barrels, Drums & Pails by End-Use Segment - Beverages, Food, Aerosols and General Line Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in Million Units for Years 2009 through 2014 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-72

Table 141: French 14-Year Perspective for Metal Cans, Barrels, Drums & Pails by End-Use Segment - Percentage Breakdown of Unit Sales for Beverages, Food, Aerosols and General Line Markets for Years 2009, 2016 & 2022 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart)..............III-73 Dollar Analytics..............III-74 Table 142: French Recent Past, Current & Future Analysis for Metal Cans, Barrels, Drums & Pails by Product Group/Segment - Metal Cans (Aluminum Cans and Steel Cans), Metal Barrels, and Metal Drums & Pails Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in US$ Million for Years 2015 through 2022 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).............. III-74

Table 143: French Historic Review for Metal Cans, Barrels, Drums & Pails by Product Group/Segment - Metal Cans (Aluminum Cans and Steel Cans), Metal Barrels, and Metal Drums & Pails Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in US$ Million for Years 2009 through 2014 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-75

Table 144: French 14-Year Perspective for Metal Cans, Barrels, Drums & Pails by Product Group/Segment - Percentage Breakdown of Dollar Sales for Metal Cans (Aluminum Cans and Steel Cans), Metal Barrels, and Metal Drums & Pails Markets for Years 2009, 2016 & 2022 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart)..............III-76

4b. GERMANY.............. III-77 A.Market Analysis.............. III-77 Current & Future Analysis..............III-77 Increasing Demand for German Beer and Alcoholic Beverages Benefit Demand for Metal Cans III-77 Table 145: Can Filling in Germany (2015): Percentage Breakdown of Units Filled for Beer and Soft Drinks (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-78 Product Launches..............III-78 Select Key Players..............III-78 B.Market Analytics..............III-80 Unit Analytics.............. III-80 Table 146: German Recent Past, Current & Future Analysis for Metal Cans, Barrels, Drums & Pails by Product Group/Segment - Metal Cans (Aluminum Cans and Steel Cans), Metal Barrels, and Metal Drums & Pails Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in Million Units for Years 2015 through 2022 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).............. III-80

Table 147: German Historic Review for Metal Cans, Barrels, Drums & Pails by Product Group/Segment - Metal Cans (Aluminum Cans and Steel Cans), Metal Barrels, and Metal Drums & Pails Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in Million Units for Years 2009 through 2014 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-81

Table 148: German 14-Year Perspective for Metal Cans, Barrels, Drums & Pails by Product Group/Segment - Percentage Breakdown of Unit Sales for Metal Cans (Aluminum Cans and Steel Cans), Metal Barrels, and Metal Drums & Pails Markets for Years 2009, 2016 & 2022 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart)..............III-82

Table 149: German Recent Past, Current & Future Analysis for Metal Cans, Barrels, Drums & Pails by End-Use Segment - Beverages, Food, Aerosols and General Line Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in Million Units for Years 2015 through 2022 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).............. III-83

Table 150: German Historic Review for Metal Cans, Barrels, Drums & Pails by End-Use Segment - Beverages, Food, Aerosols and General Line Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in Million Units for Years 2009 through 2014 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-84

Table 151: German 14-Year Perspective for Metal Cans, Barrels, Drums & Pails by End-Use Segment - Percentage Breakdown of Unit Sales for Beverages, Food, Aerosols and General Line Markets for Years 2009, 2016 & 2022 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart)..............III-85 Dollar Analytics..............III-86 Table 152: German Recent Past, Current & Future Analysis for Metal Cans, Barrels, Drums & Pails by Product Group/Segment - Metal Cans (Aluminum Cans and Steel Cans), Metal Barrels, and Metal Drums & Pails Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in US$ Million for Years 2015 through 2022 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).............. III-86

Table 153: German Historic Review for Metal Cans, Barrels, Drums & Pails by Product Group/Segment - Metal Cans (Aluminum Cans and Steel Cans), Metal Barrels, and Metal Drums & Pails Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in US$ Million for Years 2009 through 2014 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-87

Table 154: German 14-Year Perspective for Metal Cans, Barrels, Drums & Pails by Product Group/Segment - Percentage Breakdown of Dollar Sales for Metal Cans (Aluminum Cans and Steel Cans), Metal Barrels, and Metal Drums & Pails Markets for Years 2009, 2016 & 2022 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart)..............III-88

4c. ITALY.............. III-89 A.Market Analysis.............. III-89 Current & Future Analysis..............III-89 Strong Affinity of Consumers for Convenience Foods Spur Demand for Metal Cans..............III-89 Popularity of Single-Serve Canned Beverages Promotes Demand for Metal Cans..............III-89 Table 155: Italian Market for Beer by Pack Type (2015): Percentage Breakdown of Volume Sales for Can and Glass (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-90

Table 156: Italian Market for Soft Drinks by Pack Type (2015): Percentage Breakdown of Volume Sales for Can, Glass, and PET (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-90 Steel Cans Score over Aluminum Cans Due to Lower Raw Material Costs.............. III-90 B.Market Analytics..............III-91 Unit Analytics.............. III-91 Table 157: Italian Recent Past, Current & Future Analysis for Metal Cans, Barrels, Drums & Pails by Product Group/Segment - Metal Cans (Aluminum Cans and Steel Cans), Metal Barrels, and Metal Drums & Pails Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in Million Units for Years 2015 through 2022 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).............. III-91

Table 158: Italian Historic Review for Metal Cans, Barrels, Drums & Pails by Product Group/Segment - Metal Cans (Aluminum Cans and Steel Cans), Metal Barrels, and Metal Drums & Pails Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in Million Units for Years 2009 through 2014 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-92

Table 159: Italian 14-Year Perspective for Metal Cans, Barrels, Drums & Pails by Product Group/Segment - Percentage Breakdown of Unit Sales for Metal Cans (Aluminum Cans and Steel Cans), Metal Barrels, and Metal Drums & Pails Markets for Years 2009, 2016 & 2022 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart)..............III-93

Table 160: Italian Recent Past, Current & Future Analysis for Metal Cans, Barrels, Drums & Pails by End-Use Segment - Beverages, Food, Aerosols and General Line Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in Million Units for Years 2015 through 2022 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).............. III-94

Table 161: Italian Historic Review for Metal Cans, Barrels, Drums & Pails by End-Use Segment - Beverages, Food, Aerosols and General Line Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in Million Units for Years 2009 through 2014 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-95

Table 162: Italian 14-Year Perspective for Metal Cans, Barrels, Drums & Pails by End-Use Segment - Percentage Breakdown of Unit Sales for Beverages, Food, Aerosols and General Line Markets for Years 2009, 2016 & 2022 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart)..............III-96 Dollar Analytics..............III-97 Table 163: Italian Recent Past, Current & Future Analysis for Metal Cans, Barrels, Drums & Pails by Product Group/Segment - Metal Cans (Aluminum Cans and Steel Cans), Metal Barrels, and Metal Drums & Pails Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in US$ Million for Years 2015 through 2022 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).............. III-97

Table 164: Italian Historic Review for Metal Cans, Barrels, Drums & Pails by Product Group/Segment - Metal Cans (Aluminum Cans and Steel Cans), Metal Barrels, and Metal Drums & Pails Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in US$ Million for Years 2009 through 2014 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-98

Table 165: Italian 14-Year Perspective for Metal Cans, Barrels, Drums & Pails by Product Group/Segment - Percentage Breakdown of Dollar Sales for Metal Cans (Aluminum Cans and Steel Cans), Metal Barrels, and Metal Drums & Pails Markets for Years 2009, 2016 & 2022 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart)..............III-99

4d. THE UNITED KINGDOM..............III-100 A.Market Analysis.........
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K92 Mining Closes $2,000,000 Financing
VANCOUVER, BRITISH COLUMBIA--(Marketwired - July 25, 2016) - K92 Mining Inc. (the "Company" or "K92") (TSX VENTURE:KNT) is pleased to announce that it has closed the non-brokered private placement announced on July 21st, 2016, consisting of the issuance of 1,709,402 units (the "Units") at $1.17 per Unit for gross proceeds of $2,000,000 (the "Financing"). All securities issued pursuant to the Financing are subject to a four month hold expiring November 26th, 2016.
First Majestic Silver Corp.: Second Quarter Financial Results to be Released on August 10
VANCOUVER, BRITISH COLUMBIA--(Marketwired - July 25, 2016) - FIRST MAJESTIC SILVER CORP. (NYSE:AG)(TSX:FR)(FRANKFURT:FMV)(BVM:AG) (the "Company" or "First Majestic") is pleased to announce that its second quarter 2016 unaudited financial results will be released on Wednesday, August 10, 2016.
Buenaventura To Host Second Quarter 2016 Earnings Conference Call & Audio Webcast Presentation
LIMA, Peru, July 25, 2016 /PRNewswire/ -- Compañía de Minas Buenaventura S.A.A. ("Buenaventura") (NYSE: BVN; Lima Stock Exchange: BUE.LM), Peru's largest publicly traded, precious metals mining company announced today that it will host its Second Quarter 2016 earnings conference call & audio webcast presentation on Wednesday, July 27, 2016 @ 11:00 a.m. Eastern Time / 10:00 a.m. Lima Time.
Western Potash Corp. Corporate Appointments Announcement
VANCOUVER, BRITISH COLUMBIA--(Marketwired - July 25, 2016) - Western Potash Corp. (TSX:WPX)(FRANKFURT:AHE) ("Western", "the Company") is pleased to announce the following corporate updates. The appointments to management detailed below include the appointments to the positions of Milestone Potash Project Director, Senior Vice President of Business Development, Director of Administration in addition to a new external auditor.
Strategic Metals Ltd. Announces Flow-Through Share Private Placement
VANCOUVER, BC--(Marketwired - July 25, 2016) - Strategic Metals Ltd. (TSX VENTURE: SMD) ("Strategic") announces a $500,000 private placement, to consist of the sale of 649,350 flow-through common shares at a price of $0.77 per share. The proceeds from this private placement, which is subject to regulatory acceptance, will be used to finance a portion of Strategic's 2016 exploration plans for certain of its precious metals projects in the Yukon Territory. Closing of the private placement is expected to occur on or about July 27, 2016.
Six Mining Companies to Watch as M&A Heats Up
SAN FRANCISCO, CA--(Marketwired - July 25, 2016) - Precious metals prices have gained momentum since the start of this year, and corporate M&A activity is heating up again. In this article in The Gold Report, Caesars Report's Thibaut Lepouttre highlights a handful of mining companies with market capitalizations attractive to larger companies looking to boost their project pipelines.
AmeraMex International Second Quarter Conference Call Scheduled for August 24th at 11:00 a.m. Pacific Time
CHICO, CA--(Marketwired - Jul 25, 2016) - AmeraMex International, Inc. (OTC PINK: AMMX), a provider of heavy equipment for logistics companies (stevedoring/shipping), infrastructure construction, has scheduled its second quarter conference call for Wednesday, August 24 at 11:00 a.m. Pacific Time.
Dundee Precious Metals Announces Power Blackout in Namibia Results in Furnace Outage
TORONTO, ONTARIO--(Marketwired - July 25, 2016) - Dundee Precious Metals Inc. (TSX:DPM) ("DPM" or "the Company") announced today that a regional power outage has resulted in damage to the refractory lining of the Ausmelt furnace, the repair of which is expected to take approximately three weeks.
Stelmine Closes a $600,000 Private Placement
MONTRÉAL, QUÉBEC--(Marketwired - July 25, 2016) - Stelmine Canada Ltd. ("Stelmine"), (TSX VENTURE:STH) announces the closing of a private placement of: $600,000.
Vendome Resources TSX.V Approval for Acquisition of the Clinton Manganese Project near Clinton, British Columbia
TORONTO, ONTARIO--(Marketwired - July 25, 2016) - VENDOME RESOURCES CORP. (the "Company") (TSX VENTURE:VDR) (FRANKFURT:9VR), is pleased to announce that the TSX Venture Exchange has accepted the filing documentation relating to the Company's agreement to acquire a 100% interest in the Clinton Manganese Project owned equally by Geomap Exploration Inc. and Larry Nemeth, located near Clinton, British Columbia (the "Transaction"), as previously announced on March 8, 2016. The agreement calls for a payment of $20,000 and the issuance of 12,000,000 common shares. In addition, a finder's fees of 1,400,000 common shares will be issued in relation to the acquisition of the Clinton Manganese Project.
KWG AGM to Reconvene August 18, 2016; Blogger's Social Media Claims Groundless
TORONTO, ONTARIO--(Marketwired - July 25, 2016) - KWG Resources Inc. (CSE:KWG)(FRANKFURT:KW6) ("KWG") has fixed the date for the reconvening of its shareholders meeting which was adjourned last Thursday.
Eurasian Minerals Reports Government Approval to Advance the Malmyzh Copper-Gold Porphyry Project, Far East Russia
VANCOUVER, BRITISH COLUMBIA--(Marketwired - July 25, 2016) - Eurasian Minerals Inc. (the "Company" or "EMX") (TSX VENTURE:EMX) (NYSE MKT:EMXX) is pleased to report that IG Copper LLC ("IGC") advises that approval to advance the Malmyzh copper-gold project has been received from the Government Commission on Monitoring Foreign Investment (the "Commission") chaired by Prime Minister Dmitry Medvedev. The Malmyzh exploration and mining licenses are held by IGC (51%) and Freeport-McMoRan Exploration Corporation (49%) (the "Joint Venture"), with IGC operating and managing the project. EMX is IGC's largest shareholder with 41% of the issued and outstanding shares. The Commission's approval marks a pivotal milestone in the development of the Malmzyh project. Please see www.eurasianminerals.com for more information.
Aton Resources Inc. Recommences 3500m Drilling Program at Hamama Project
VANCOUVER, BRITISH COLUMBIA--(Marketwired - July 25, 2016) - Aton Resources Inc. (TSX VENTURE:AAN) (the "Company") is very pleased to report that following the break for Ramadan and Eid El Fitar, that it has recommenced the 3500m drilling program at its wholly owned Hamama gold-rich Project in Egypt's Eastern Desert. Drilling will continue to be concentrated on Hamama West, in particular on the gold-oxide cap and the primary sulphides zone, where previous drilling intercepted significant mineralization.
Tesla Announces Receipt of Repayment Demand and Expected Appointment of Receiver
Symbol: TXL
Stock Exchange: TSX
Golden Queen completes C$16.1 million bought deal financing
VANCOUVER, July 25, 2016 /PRNewswire/ - Golden Queen Mining Co. Ltd. (TSX:GQM; OTCQX:GQMNF) (the "Company" or "Golden Queen") announces that it has closed its previously announced bought deal offering of units of the Company. Pursuant to the offering a total of 11,120,000 units of Golden Queen were sold at a price of C$1.45 per unit, for aggregate gross proceeds of C$16,124,000. The offering was made through a syndicate of investment dealers led by Cormark Securities Inc. and including M Partners Inc. (the "Underwriters"). The units sold include 1,450,000 units pursuant to the exercise, in full, of the over-allotment option that was granted to the Underwriters. Each unit consists of one common share of the Company and one half of one common share purchase warrant. Each whole warrant entitles the holder to acquire one additional common share of the Company at a price of C$2.00 per share until July 25, 2019.
Osceola Gold Reports Continued Groundwork Advancements
STEUBENVILLE, OH--(Marketwired - Jul 25, 2016) - Osceola (OTC PINK: PYHH) is pleased to announce that the Company has taken delivery of its WA500 Wheel Loader and Neff Bowls, and has completed the set-up of the Sluice Boxes. The Gold Wash Plant, housing, and kitchen have been brought in and established to functionality, and the safety office is complete.
Kennady Diamonds Announces Faraday 2 Mini Bulk Sample Diamond Recovery Result

Sample grade 2.69 carats per tonne
Largest diamonds recovered: 1.90 carats, 1.73 carats, 1.52 carats

Nevada Sunrise Receives Drill Permits for Clayton NE and Gemini Lithium Projects in Nevada
TSXV: NEV
Azimut closes $2,500,000 private placement
Symbol: AZM-TSX Venture Exchange
Wildcat Cleared for US Trading and Applies to Become DTC Eligible on US Markets
VANCOUVER, British Columbia, July 25, 2016 /PRNewswire/ --
Second-Phase Drilling Begins on New Zone of Shallow Gold Mineralization at Bravada's Baxter Gold Property, Nevada
VANCOUVER, BRITISH COLUMBIA--(Marketwired - July 25, 2016) - Bravada Gold Corporation (TSX VENTURE:BVA)(FRANKFURT:BRT) (the "Company" or "Bravada") has received notice that a second-phase drilling program is underway at the Company's Baxter Low-sulfidation gold property in the Walker Lane Gold trend in Nevada. Kinross Gold U.S.A., Inc., a wholly owned subsidiary of Kinross Gold Corporation ("Kinross"), plans to drill 10 to 14 reverse-circulation (R.C.) holes for approximately 2,400 meters, followed by 1 to 3 core holes for an additional 450 meters.
Advantage Lithium Announces Project Advancements; Award-Winning Geologist Joins Board of Directors
VANCOUVER, BRITISH COLUMBIA--(Marketwired - July 25, 2016) - Advantage Lithium Corp. (the "Company" or "Advantage Lithium") (TSX VENTURE:AAL), is pleased to announce that drill permits have been received by Nevada Sunrise Gold Corp. ("Nevada Sunrise") for three lithium brine projects in Nevada, USA. The Jackson Wash, Clayton NE and Gemini Lithium projects are three of five included in the LOI earn-in agreement the company recently signed with Nevada Sunrise. The Company has commissioned, and received, for regulatory review, a NI 43-101 report on Jackson Wash, where a first phase program of US $560,000 is recommended. With preparations underway for active exploration, the Company has appointed Ross McElroy to the Board. Mr. McElroy, who has received multiple industry awards for exploration success, will oversee the Company's work programs and assist in the assessment and acquisition of other top tier lithium projects in the US and South America.
Jet Edge Named Finalist for 2016 Minnesota Manufacturing Awards
ST. MICHAEL, MN--(Marketwired - July 25, 2016) - Minnesota Business magazine has named Jet Edge, Inc. a finalist for the 2016 Minnesota Manufacturing Awards Image Award.
Tinka appoints Investor Relations Consultant
VANCOUVER, July 25, 2016 /CNW/ - Tinka Resources Limited ("Tinka" or the "Company") (TSXV: TK) (OTCPK: TKRFF) announces the engagement of Alpha Advisory Services Inc. ("Alpha") to serve as Investor Relations Consultant to the Company on a non-exclusive basis. The principal of Alpha is Mr. Rob Bruggeman.
X-Terra completes a private placement
ROUYN-NORANDA, QC, July 25, 2016 /CNW Telbec/ - X-Terra Resources Inc. (TSXV: XTT) is pleased to announces that it has completed its previously-announced non-brokered private placement by issuing 2,333,333 units at a price of $0.15 per unit for gross proceeds to X-Terra Resources of $350,000. Each of the 2,333,333 units is comprised of one common share and one-half of a common share purchase warrant. Each whole warrant entitles its holder to acquire one additional common share of X-Terra Resources at a price of $0.25 for a period of 24 months from the closing date.
Agnico Eagle announces additional investment in Belo Sun
(All amounts expressed in Canadian dollars unless otherwise noted)
Great Panther Silver to announce second quarter 2016 financial results on August 3, 2016
CONFERENCE CALL AND WEBCAST ON AUGUST 4, 2016
North Arrow Reports Microdiamond Results and Completion of Till Sampling Program at Pikoo, Saskatchewan
VANCOUVER, BC--(Marketwired - July 25, 2016) - North Arrow Minerals Inc. (TSX VENTURE: NAR) is pleased to announce additional microdiamond results from the 2016 drilling program at the Pikoo Diamond Project. The Company has also concluded a summer till sampling program at the project, which is located in central eastern Saskatchewan, approximately 10 km north of the road accessible community of Deschambault Lake. The microdiamond results confirm that all Pikoo kimberlites tested to date are diamondiferous, including new kimberlite PK346.
Evolving Gold Announces $0.50 Stock Options
VANCOUVER, BRITISH COLUMBIA--(Marketwired - July 25, 2016) - Evolving Gold Corp. (CSE:EVG)(FRANKFURT:EV7)(OTC PINK:EVOGF) (the "Company") announced that it has granted 750,000 incentive stock options to certain directors, officers and consultants of the Company. The options have an exercise price of $0.50 per share, and a term of five years.
Cadillac Options Thierry
TORONTO, ONTARIO--(Marketwired - July 25, 2016) - Cadillac Ventures (TSX VENTURE:CDC)(OTC:CADIF) ("Cadillac") is pleased to announce that it has entered into an option agreement for its Thierry Property located in Pickle Lake, NW Ontario. An option has been signed with Northern Fox Resources Inc. ("NFR"), an arm's length private Ontario company, whereby NFR can earn a 70% interest in the Thierry Property.
Analyzing the Global Steel Industry 2016-2020 - Research and Markets
DUBLIN, July 25, 2016 /PRNewswire/ --
CB&I Announces Alkylation Technology Award in Indonesia
THE WOODLANDS, Texas, July 25, 2016 /PRNewswire/ -- CB&I (NYSE:CBI) today announced it has been awarded the license and engineering design of a grassroots alkylation unit by PT Pertamina (Persero). The unit will use CB&I's CDAlky(® )advanced sulfuric acid alkylation technology and Haldor Topsoe's WSA (Wet gas Sulfuric Acid) technology as part of the upgrade of Pertamina's Refinery Unit V in Balikpapan, East Kalimantan, Indonesia.
Troymet Identifies New Drill Targets & Expands Prospective Area at Redhill
NANAIMO, BRITISH COLUMBIA--(Marketwired - July 25, 2016) - Troymet Exploration Corp. (TSX VENTURE:TYE) ("Troymet" or the Company") is pleased to report that the program of detailed follow-up soil sampling and prospecting of 3DIP anomalies on the Alpha zone and evaluation of the gold-, copper-and zinc-in-soil anomalies on the Alpha South zone is complete. New drill targets have been identified associated with slumped/mechanically transported sulphides and the area of volcanic stratigraphy prospective for the discovery of VMS deposits has been significantly expanded.
Atlantic Announces Appointment of IR Manager
VANCOUVER, BRITISH COLUMBIA--(Marketwired - July 25, 2016) - Atlantic Gold Corporation (TSX VENTURE:AGB) ("Atlantic" or the "Company") is pleased to announce the appointment of Sean Thompson as Manager of Investor Relations of the Company effective August 2, 2016.
Golden Star Announces US$30 Million Offering of Common Shares
TORONTO, July 25, 2016 /CNW/ - Golden Star Resources Ltd. (NYSE MKT: GSS; TSX: GSC; GSE: GSR) ("Golden Star" or the "Company") announces that it intends to offer up to US$30.0 million of its common shares in an underwritten public offering (the "Equity Offering"). The Company expects to grant the underwriters of the Equity Offering a 30-day option to purchase additional common shares for additional gross proceeds of up to 15% of the offering amount to cover over-allotments, if any, and for market stabilization purposes.
Golden Star Announces US$65 Million Private Offering of Convertible Senior Notes
TORONTO, July 25, 2016 /CNW/ - Golden Star Resources Ltd. (NYSE MKT: GSS; TSX: GSC; GSE: GSR) ("Golden Star" or the "Company") announces that it is offering US$65.0 million aggregate principal amount of convertible senior notes due 2021 (the "Notes") pursuant to applicable U.S. and Canadian private placement exemptions. As part of the offering, the Company has entered into exchange and purchase agreements with two holders of its 5.0% convertible senior unsecured debentures due June 1, 2017 to exchange approximately US$40.0 million principal amount of the outstanding convertible debentures for an equal principal amount of newly issued Notes (the "Exchange"), with such principal amount being included in the total aggregate principal amount of the offering of the Notes.
Brown Gibbons Lang & Company (BGL) Announces the Sale of Metalworking Fluids Manufacturer Wallover Enterprises
CHICAGO and CLEVELAND, July 25, 2016 /PRNewswire/ -- Brown Gibbons Lang & Company (BGL) is pleased to announce the sale of Wallover Enterprises, Inc. (Wallover or the Company) to Houghton International Inc., a subsidiary of Gulf Oil International. BGL's Industrials team served as the exclusive financial advisor to Wallover in the transaction. The specific terms of the transaction were not disclosed.
CA$24+ million: Ritchie Bros.' largest-ever Lethbridge auction
More than 3,250 people from 32 countries registered for July 21-22 auction; 1,600+ items sold
Golden Star Reports Second Quarter 2016 Results
TORONTO, July 25, 2016 /CNW/ - Golden Star Resources Ltd. (NYSE MKT: GSS; TSX: GSC; GSE: GSR) ("Golden Star" or the "Company") reports its financial and operational results for the second quarter ended June 30, 2016.
Geologix Closes $1,105,000 Unit Offering
VANCOUVER, BRITISH COLUMBIA--(Marketwired - July 25, 2016) - Geologix Explorations Inc. (TSX VENTURE:GIX)(FRANKFURT:GF6)(BERLIN:GF6)(STUT:GF6)(MUN:GF6) ("Geologix" or "the Company") is pleased to announce the successful closing of its non-brokered private placement of 17,000,000 units at $0.065 per unit for gross proceeds of $1,105,000 (the "Offering").
TriMetals Mining Inc.'s Subsidiary, South American Silver, Announces Conclusion of Oral Hearing in Its Arbitration Against Bolivia
VANCOUVER, BC --(Marketwired - July 25, 2016) - TriMetals Mining Inc. (TSX: TMI) (TSX: TMI.B) (OTCQX: TMIAF) (OTCQX: TMIBF), (the "Company"), reports that the oral hearing (the "Hearing") in South American Silver Limited's international arbitration against the Plurinational State of Bolivia ("Bolivia") for the expropriation of the Malku Khota project, held at the World Bank's premises in Washington, D.C., USA under the administrative authority of the Permanent Court of Arbitration, concluded, after nine hearing days, on Thursday, July 21, 2016.
Eureka drill permit approved by the BLM
VANCOUVER, July 25, 2016 /CNW/ - Eureka Resources Inc. ("Eureka" or the "Company") (TSXV: EUK) is pleased to report that the Bureau of Land Management has approved the permit for drilling at the Gemini Lithium Project ("Gemini" or the "Project") located in the Lida Valley, Nevada.
Intermolecular to Present Results at ALD 2016 from its High-Throughput Experimentation Platform and State-of-the-Art ALD Technology
SAN JOSE, Calif., July 25, 2016 /PRNewswire/ -- Intermolecular, Inc. (NASDAQ: IMI), the trusted partner in materials innovation, today announced it will present at ALD 2016 on Wednesday, July 27, 2016, in Dublin, Ireland. Nobi Fuchigami, Member of Technical Staff at Intermolecular, will review atomic layer deposition (ALD) processes for thin (<5nm) nickel and nickel nitride films using amidinate precursors for high work function electrode layers. The experiments were performed using Intermolecular's high-throughput experimentation platform and state-of-the art ALD site-isolated and quad combi ALD reactor technology.
Atalaya Mining PLC Announces Second Quarter 2016 Operational Update
NICOSIA, CYPRUS--(Marketwired - Jul 25, 2016) - Atalaya Mining PLC (AIM: ATYM) (TSX: AYM)
Experts Corner
Gold Demand Remains Stable During Sector Weakness
by Jordan Roy-Byrne, CMT
My favorite indicator for real time Gold demand is the amount of Gold in the GLD and its fluctuations over time. As we wrote in our book, the driving force for Gold is investment demand which is driven by changes in real interest rates. Western-based investment demand from...
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Can Nevada #Lithium Juniors Obtain Water Rights?
by Peter Epstein, CFA, MBA http://EpsteinResearch.com epstein.peter4@gmail.com
The purge has arrived. Well perhaps not quite a purge, but it’s coming. It will be rejuvenating for the Lithium, (“Li”) sector. From 2016 highs, the shares of dozens of globally-listed Li juniors are down by 40% or more. Reminiscent of the cannabis craze 18 months ago, the Li sector is witness to a lot of shenanigans. Like cannabis, if ingested Li can make one feel better, but investing in newly minted Nevada (“NV”) Li juniors can cause confusion and anxiety.
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The Calandra Report & Graphite In Québec (July 21, 2016)
by The Calandra Report
When I look over my shoulder, I see this graphite company -- the other one in Québec -- ​stick​ing​ to its bunting.
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Eurasian Raging -- The Calandra Report (Tuesday July 12, Wednesday July 13, 2016)
by The Calandra Report
Monarques Gold of Quebec received a lift after Rob McEwen and a second investor, Greg Chamandy, raised their stakes to a combined 27 percent. We discussed the Abitibi Gold Belt company briefly in a discussion with Mr. McEwen of McEwen Mining. As noted in TCR earlier in the week. MQR for Monarques ticker Canada | MUX for McEwen Mining USA, Canada ticker
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The Upside Potential in Junior Gold Stocks
by Jordan Roy-Byrne, CMT
Our research continues to argue that the current, record rebound in gold stocks will continue. Every time we’ve predicted a correction, the weakness in the sector has been only a fraction of what we expected in both price and time. New bull markets that follow epic bear...
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Video: Gold Investment Demand & Gold Price in Foreign Currencies
by Jordan Roy-Byrne, CMT
GLD is a real-time indicator of investment demand for Gold. Investment demand drives Gold both up and down. Also, Gold/FC is now within 10% of its all time high.  
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Jason Zweig: Still Wrong on Gold
by Jordan Roy-Byrne, CMT
Jason Zweig, who a year ago called Gold a “pet rock” is doubling down. He reiterates his belief, albeit a misguided one that Gold is a pet rock and justifies it with the usual anti gold bug propaganda. Unfortunately, Zweig along with many gold-bashers and ironically some...
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Market Comments & Notes on 2 Companies
by Jordan Roy-Byrne, CMT
A flash update covering these topics was emailed out to subscribers early Wednesday AM. Click Here to learn more about our premium service.   
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Interview with Rick Rule: The Sprott Natural Resource Symposium
by Allen M. Alper Jr.

The Sprott Natural Resource Symposium is coming up later this month. I talked with Rick Rule about: current market opportunities, the companies attending the Sprott Natural Resource Symposium, why Sprott is interested in these high potential juniors, and why everyone interested in the resource sector should attend.
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Greg Weldon Analyzes Gold, Silver, US$ & Fed Policy
by Jordan Roy-Byrne, CMT
Greg Weldon, CEO of WeldonFinancial (weldononline.com) one of the leading macro analysts covers the markets and Fed policy for Gold investors. Visit WeldonOnline.com to get a free trial to Greg’s fantastic research and analysis.  
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Breakouts Galore in Gold & Silver
by Jordan Roy-Byrne, CMT
Gold broke-out last week on Brexit while Silver waited a week to join the party. The miners, meanwhile cleared 2014 resistance today. There are breakouts across the board in the precious metals space.   The weekly candle charts of Gold and Silver are plotted in the image...
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Video: What Brexit Means for Gold
by Jordan Roy-Byrne, CMT
Brexit is a bullish fundamental development for Gold because...
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Dan Norcini Discusses Brexit, Gold, Silver & Interest Rates
by Jordan Roy-Byrne, CMT
Professional trader Dan Norcini, (traderdan.com) returns to discuss and analyze these markets in the wake of Brexit.  
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2014 Resistance Holding Gold Stocks after Brexit
by Jordan Roy-Byrne, CMT
What a last 24 hours for markets! At one point Gold was up $100/oz, S&P futures were limit down and the British Pound was down over 8%! The volatility has subsided, perhaps temporarily and Gold settled around $1320/oz with Silver settling below key resistance at $18....
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Video: Gold & Gold Stocks Correcting Through Time
by Jordan Roy-Byrne, CMT
Gold and gold stocks have been correcting in time rather than price. This could change post Brexit or not. The sector has successfully digested the spring gains.   Our model portfolio is up 340% in the past 7 years while GDX is down 30%. Click here to learn more about...
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