Guyana Goldstrike Inc. (TSX.V:GYA, OTC:GYNAF, FSE:1ZT): Canadian Gold Company, Focused on Near-Term Production and Advanced Exploration; Interview with Peter D. Berdusco, President and CEO
by Dr. Allen Alper, PhD Economic Geology and Petrology, Columbia University, NYC, USA


Guyana Goldstrike Inc. (TSX.V:GYA, OTC:GYNAF, FSE:1ZT) is a Canadian gold exploration and development company, with a focus on near-term production and advanced exploration. The Company’s operations are in Guyana, South America, where its asset, the Marudi Gold Project is under development. The project is 13,500 acres in size, contains a mineral resource estimate, a permitted mining license and remains 95% unexplored. We learned from Peter D. Berdusco, President and CEO of Guyana Goldstrike, that their primary objective is to grow the resource to over a million ounces to start to incur interest from mid-tiers or larger players or to make the decision to go into production. Near term plans include extensive exploration drilling during the next 12 month with weekly news flow. Mr. Berdusco is bullish on gold and expects it to break through the 200-day moving average. We learned from Mr. Berdusco, that they were the benefactors of a $3.2 million equity investment from the Zijin Global and Zijin Midas Investment Funds, which are part of the Zijin Mining Group, the largest gold-producing company in China.
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Compañia de Minas Buenaventura S.A.A. (NYSE: BVN; LM: BUE): Peru’s Largest, Publicly Traded, Precious and Base Metals Company, Interview with Víctor Gobitz, CEO
by Dr. Allen Alper, PhD Economic Geology and Petrology, Columbia University, NYC, USA


Compañia de Minas Buenaventura S.A.A. (NYSE: BVN; LM: BUE) is Peru’s largest, publicly traded, precious and base metals Company, and a major holder of mining rights in Peru. The Company currently operates several mines in Peru and is engaged in the exploration, mining development, processing and trade of gold, silver and other base metals, via wholly-owned mines and through its participation in joint venture projects. Buenaventura owns 43.65% of Minera Yanacocha S.R.L (a partnership with Newmont Mining Corporation), an important precious metals producer and 19.58% of Sociedad Minera Cerro Verde, an important Peruvian copper producer. We learned from Víctor Gobitz, CEO of Buenaventura, that they produce about 600,000 ounces of gold, and in addition, about 28 million ounces of silver a year, as well as about 125,000 meta tons of copper equivalent. We learned from Mr. Gobitz, that Buenaventura is currently in the middle of a De-bottlenecking program to improve the mining infrastructure of their underground mines: Tambomayo and Orcopampa, two gold mines, Uchucchacua, the silver mine, and Marcapunta, the copper mine. According to Mr. Gobitz, Peru has a long mining tradition and mining infrastructure of contractors, suppliers, accountants, and training entities, as well as a very robust legal framework.
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Lithium Chile (TSX-V: LITH): Seventeen Projects, 159,700 Hectares of Potential Lithium Bearing Salars in Chile, World’s Largest, High-Grade Lithium Reserves and Lowest-Cost Lithium Production; Interview with Steve Cochrane, President and CEO
by Dr. Allen Alper, PhD Economic Geology and Petrology, Columbia University, NYC, USA


Lithium Chile (TSX-V: LITH) owns seventeen projects, encompassing 159,700 hectares of potential Li-bearing Salars in Chile – home to world’s largest, high-grade lithium reserves and lowest-cost lithium production. The portfolio includes projects with potential for high-grade lithium brines and excellent chemistry. We learned from Steve Cochrane, President and CEO of Lithium Chile, that they had put together one of the best, and certainly one of the biggest, exploration packages of perspective Lithium properties in all of Chile. The company completed a sampling program and prioritized 6 of its 17 prospects, based on grade, size, infrastructure and access, and conducted an extensive follow up geophysical program on 5 out of the six prospects, with great data on all 5 of them. Based on this, the company prepared a reconnaissance drilling program on four prospects and submitted the program and received approvals from the Ministry of Mines in Chile. Lithium Chile then entered into negotiations with the local communities associated with all 4 of these prospects to secure surface access for their exploration programs. Following the approval of the local community for access to their Salar de Ollague, Lithium Chile completed a successful 5 well program. The company encountered lithium bearing brines on all 5 holes with grades ranging from 190 mg/l up to 480 mg/l in the target horizon. Lithium Chile is now conducting negotiations, with the community, on their Salar de Coipasa to secure surface access. The company plans to run the second drilling program on the Coipasa prospect because they consider this property to be one of their most prospective properties. According to Mr. Cochrane, Lithium Chile has de-risked its story over the last nine months by drilling and encountering lithium bearing brines on Ollague. With the recent retrenchment in the lithium share prices for most of the publicly traded lithium companies, at current share price the company presents an attractive investment opportunity.
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Element 25 Ltd (ASX: E25): Developing Australia’s Largest World-Class Manganese Resource for Producing High-Purity Manganese for the Battery Revolution; Interview with Justin Brown, Executive Director
by Dr. Allen Alper, PhD Economic Geology and Petrology, Columbia University, NYC, USA


Element 25 Limited (ASX: E25) is developing Australia’s largest onshore manganese resource at the Company’s 100% owned world-class Butcherbird Project to produce high-purity manganese products for the battery revolution. We learned from Justin Brown, who is Executive Director of Element 25, that they have developed a flow sheet, which allows them to process their manganese ore into high-purity manganese products, including electrolytic manganese metal, electro-manganese dioxide and high-purity manganese sulfate for lithium ion batteries. Earlier this year, the company completed a scoping study, which highlighted the robust economics of development of the project, and it is currently about six months into a pre-feasibility study that is due in the third quarter of 2019. Element 25 has hit important permitting milestones, and is making good progress in the metallurgical test work and process optimization. We learned from Mr. Brown that traditionally manganese is used in steel making, but now there's a growing demand for high-purity manganese for use in lithium ion batteries. According to Mr. Brown, the company is looking to attract off-take partners and cornerstone investors.
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Argo Gold Inc. (CSE: ARQ): Gold Exploration Projects in Central and Northwestern Ontario in a Multi-Million Ounce District, Interview with Judy Baker, President and CEO
by Dr. Allen Alper, PhD Economic Geology and Petrology, Columbia University, NYC, USA


Argo Gold Inc. (CSE: ARQ) is a Canadian company focused on gold exploration projects in central and Northwestern Ontario that have indications of economic viability. All of Argo Gold’s projects are 100% owned. We learned from Judy Baker, President and CEO of Argo Gold, that they are very excited about their flagship Woco Gold project, after Great Bear Resources closed a $10 000 000 financing, with Rob McEwen and the McEwen Mining. Great Bear's Dixie Project and Argo Gold's Woco Gold project have major similarities, including the fact that both projects are in the Confederation volcanics, proximal to the major structure, on the south boundary of the Uchi Geological Province. Argo Gold’s flagship Woco Gold Project also has historical drills results that are comparable to Great Bear’s Dixie in terms of grades and depth. We learned from Ms. Baker that they were in meetings all last week and there is a lot of interest in Argo Gold now.
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X-Terra Resources Inc. (TSXV: XTT, FRANKFURT: XTR): Acquisition, Exploration and Definition of Gold Resources in Canada, Primarily in Quebec, Interview with Michael Ferreira, President and CEO
by Dr. Allen Alper, PhD Economic Geology and Petrology, Columbia University, NYC, USA


X-Terra Resources Inc. (TSXV: XTT, FRANKFURT: XTR) is a mineral exploration company, focused on the acquisition, exploration and definition of precious metal resource properties in Canada, with numerous properties primarily located in Québec. X-Terra currently holds a 60% option on the new Véronneau gold property and also holds a 100% interest on the Troilus East property, as well as a 100% ownership of the Ducran polymetallic property located in the Chapais-Chibougamau mining camp. We learned from Michael Ferreira, who is President and CEO of X-Terra Resources, that the company has spent about 1.4 million dollars on the Véronneau gold property located in James Bay, and is now focused on acquiring the 100% interest in it. X-Terra plans more geophysics and drilling on the Véronneau property next year. Other near term plans include exploration work on the company's Ducran polymetallic property as well as a $45-50,000 work program on the Troilus East property.
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Abitibi Royalties Inc. (TSX-V: RZZ, Nasdaq OTC: ATBYF): Owns Royalty Interests at the Canadian Malartic Mine near Val-d'Or Québec, Interview with Ian Ball, President and CEO
by Dr. Allen Alper, PhD Economic Geology and Petrology, Columbia University, NYC, USA


Abitibi Royalties Inc. (TSX-V: RZZ, OTC: ATBYF, Nasdaq: ATBYF) owns various royalty interests at the Canadian Malartic Mine near Val-d'Or Québec, including a 3% NSR on portions of Odyssey, East Malartic, Jeffrey, Barnat Extension, 2% NSR on portions of the Gouldie/Charlie zones, 1.5% NSR on the Midway Project and a 15% NPI on the Radium Property. In addition, the Company is building a portfolio of royalties on early stage properties, near producing mines and currently has 27 royalties in total. The Company has approximately CDN$35 million in cash and securities and is debt free. We learned from Ian Ball, who is President and CEO of Abitibi Royalties, that underground ramp construction will begin during the fourth quarter on the upper portions of Odyssey and East Malartic. Royalty income is also scheduled to begin this quarter from the open pit portion. The most important part, according to Mr. Ball, is the large exploration program, which should continue to increase the size of the discovery. In addition, during the summer the company made several new royalty acquisitions predominantly on ground owned by either the Canadian Malartic Mine, or by Agnico Eagle Mines in the Abitibi region.
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Premier Gold Mines Ltd (TSX: PG): Gold Producer, with High-Quality Pipeline of Precious Metal Projects in World Class Districts; Interview with Ewan Downie, President and CEO
by Dr. Allen Alper, PhD Economic Geology and Petrology, Columbia University, NYC, USA


Premier Gold Mines Limited (TSX:PG) is a gold producer, with a high-quality pipeline of precious metal projects in proven, accessible and safe mining jurisdictions in Canada, the United States, and Mexico. The goal is to evolve into a low-cost, mid-tier gold producer, through its two producing mines and the development of its Hardrock Project in Ontario (Greenstone Gold JV) and McCoy-Cove Property in Nevada, where permitting and pre-construction initiatives are well advanced. We learned from Ewan Downie, President and CEO of Premier Gold Mines, that their 100% owned Mercedes Mine, in Mexico, produces around 80,000 ounces of gold a year. Premier also has 40% ownership in the South Arturo Mine, a highly successful joint venture with Barrick in the Carlin Trend. The South Arturo Mine's 2018 operational guidance is 15,000 to 20,000 ozs Au at all-in sustaining costs of US$620 - $670/oz Au. We learned from Mr. Downie, that their key objectives in 2019 are the build outs of the Phase One Open Pit Mine, and the El Nino Underground Mine, at their South Arturo joint venture. Other plans for 2019, include updating reserves and resources at South Arturo and Mercedes, and initiating the underground project at Cove. According to Mr. Downie, Premier's management team has a good track record, in the industry, and its portfolio of projects is unrivaled amongst the smaller producers.
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Peel Mining Limited (ASX: PEX): Exploring and Developing Precious and Base Metals in New South Wales, Interview with Rob Tyson, Managing Director
by Dr. Allen Alper, PhD Economic Geology and Petrology, Columbia University, NYC, USA


Peel Mining Limited (ASX: PEX) is an Australian company focused on exploring and developing precious and base metals resources in New South Wales. Since listing in May 2007, Peel has identified and acquired several valuable mineral assets, including the Wagga Tank – Southern Nights project near Mt Hope, NSW, the May Day-Gilgunnia project (includes Mallee Bull) near Cobar, NSW, and the Cobar Superbasin Project (CSP). Each of these projects represents an advanced mineral asset, with excellent potential for future development. We learned from Rob Tyson, Managing Director of Peel Mining, that for the last 10 years the company has been focused on the Cobar Basin and has made three green fields discoveries of high-grade, base metal rich-mineralized systems, and has grown from having a relatively small footprint to having the largest land holding of any single company in the Cobar Basin. According to Mr. Tyson, what makes Peel Mining a good investment is that they are making discoveries, and these discoveries will likely turn into much larger systems over time.
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Troilus Gold Corp. (TSX-V: TLG): Re-Start of the Former Gold and Copper Troilus Mine Northeast of the Val-d’Or District, Interview with Justin Reid, CEO
by Dr. Allen Alper, PhD Economic Geology and Petrology, Columbia University, NYC, USA


Troilus Gold Corp. (TSX-V: TLG) is an advanced-stage exploration and early-development company, focused on the mineral expansion and potential mine re-start of the former gold and copper Troilus mine. The 4,700-hectare Troilus property is located Northeast of the Val-d’Or district, within the Frotêt-Evans Greenstone Belt in Quebec, Canada. We learned from Justin Reid, CEO of Troilus Gold Corporation, that Troilus is a past producer of 2 million ounces of gold and 70,000 tons of copper, and with over 2 million ounces of indicated and 700,000 of inferred mineral resource still in the ground with complete infrastructure in place (Figure 1). The company has just finished a 36,000 metre drill program that is already showing the upside potential of the deposit. According to Mr. Reid, they expect to release an updated mineral resource estimate in late Q4 2018.
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Minotaur Exploration Ltd (ASX: MEP): Successful Prospect Generator, Focused on Copper Gold and Base Metals Exploration in Australia, Interview with Andrew Woskett, Managing Director
by Dr. Allen Alper, PhD Economic Geology and Petrology, Columbia University, NYC, USA


Minotaur Exploration Ltd (ASX: MEP) has extensive minerals exploration tenements in South Australia, Queensland and Western Australia. We learned from Andrew Woskett, Managing Director of Minotaur Exploration, that they are a grassroots copper/copper-gold exploration company that relies upon joint ventures to provide working capital. We learned from Mr. Woskett that the company was founded and established about 25 years ago in Adelaide and had very early-stage success, with a significant discovery called Prominent Hill, which is now a big copper mine, owned and operated by OZ Minerals (ASX: OZL). The company's focus is currently on Cloncurry/Mount Isa region in northwest Queensland. According to Mr. Woskett, Minotaur's team is very good at what they do in terms of prospect generation, turning prospects into targets, drilling targets, invariably hitting the target exactly where it's meant to be.
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KEMET's Vision to be the Preferred Supplier of Electronic Component Solutions, Demanding the Highest Standards of Quality, Delivery and Service, Interview with Per Loof, CEO
by Dr. Allen Alper, PhD Economic Geology and Petrology, Columbia University, NYC, USA


KEMET Corporation (NYSE: KEM) offers its customers the broadest selection of capacitor technologies in the industry, along with an expanding range of electromechanical devices, electromagnetic compatibility solutions and supercapacitors. KEMET's vision is to be the preferred supplier of electronic component solutions, demanding the highest standards of quality, delivery and service. We learned from Per Loof, CEO of KEMET, that the company's revenues last year were around $1.2 billion, and they are planning to see an 11% increase this year. We learned from Mr. Loof that KEMET is the largest Tantalum polymer supplier in the world, as well as a large supplier of ceramic components, film, electrolytics, EMC and sensors, serving a broad range of global markets from industrial to automotive, computers and communications. According to Mr. Loof, KEMET values its relationships with customers, investors, suppliers, employees, as well as the communities in which it operates.
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Calidus Resources (ASX: CAI) : Controls the High-Grade, Near-Surface, 712,000-ounce Warrawoona Gold Project, in East Pilbara District of Western Australia, Interview with David Reeves, Managing Director
by Dr. Allen Alper, PhD Economic Geology and Petrology, Columbia University, NYC, USA


Calidus Resources (ASX: CAI) is a gold exploration company, which controls the high-grade, near-surface, 712,000-ounce Warrawoona Gold Project, in the East Pilbara district of the Pilbara Goldfield, in Western Australia. We learned from David Reeves, Managing Director of Calidus Resources, that they currently have three rigs turning on their Warrawoona Gold Project, with the aim of extending known deposits of Klondyke and Copenhagen, as well as looking for resources in the new deposits, called Coronation and the St. Georges Shear. The aim of all of this drilling is to get through the million-ounce mark, on the next resource upgrade, due in January-February of 2019. Plans for the next year include the pre-feasibility study due to be completed around June-July, which will lead to the feasibility study and on to development.
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Middle Island Resources Limited (ASX: MDI) : Gold Exploration and Aspiring Development Company Focused on Western Australia, Interview with Rick Yeates, Managing Director
by Dr. Allen Alper, PhD Economic Geology and Petrology, Columbia University, NYC, USA


Middle Island Resources Limited (ASX: MDI) is a gold exploration and aspiring development company focused on Western Australia. We learned from Rick Yeates, managing director of Middle Island Resources, that they are focused on a single project called the Sandstone gold project located about 400 km northwest of Kalgoorlie in the heart of the Western Australian goldfields. The project is 100% owned and fully permitted. The project's resource is approximately 540 thousand ounces plus an exploration target of 900 thousand to 1.5 million ounces. The project includes a 600 thousand ton a year processing plant, which is on care and maintenance, and the company's primary strategy is to recommission that plant and get into production as soon as practically possible. According to Mr. Yeates, this is the only processing plant for 160 km, providing the opportunity to consolidate or toll-treat third party deposits within the Sandstone district.
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Perseus Mining Limited (ASX/TSX: PRU): Diversified West African Gold Producer, Growth Strategy to Transform the Company into a 500,000-Ounce per Year Gold Producer, Interview with Jeff Quartermaine, Managing Director and CEO
by Dr. Allen Alper, PhD Economic Geology and Petrology, Columbia University, NYC, USA


Perseus Mining Limited (ASX/TSX: PRU) is a diversified West African-focused gold production, development and exploration company, producing gold from its two mines in Ghana and Côte d’Ivoire, and developing the third gold mine in Côte d’Ivoire. Perseus' growth strategy aims to transform the Company into a 500,000-ounce per year gold producer, with three operating mines in West Africa by 2020. We learned from Mr. Jeff Quartermaine, Managing Director and CEO of Perseus Mining that the company has been continuously establishing a credible record of performance, building up their own production, while at the same time, bringing down cost, increasing cash flow and available cash. Plans for 2019 include construction of the Yaouré Project, also in Côte d'Ivoire. According to Mr. Quartermaine, Perseus Mining has come from being a single mine operation, with single country exposure, to a multi mine, multi country Company in a very strong financial position, which allows it to fund projects and future growth.
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Nevada Copper Corp. (TSX: NCU): Near-Term, Mid-Tier Copper Production near Reno, Nevada, Interview with Matthew Gili, President and CEO
by Dr. Allen Alper, PhD Economic Geology and Petrology, Columbia University, NYC, USA


Nevada Copper Corp. (TSX: NCU) is focused on the near-term commencement of copper production at the Pumpkin Hollow copper project near Reno, Nevada in the Yerington District. There are two fully-permitted adjacent projects at Pumpkin Hollow: the high-grade underground project, which is in construction. Initial production is planned by the end of 2019, and the open pit project, a large-scale copper deposit with substantial mineral reserves, which has recently undergone an optimization program to target a reduced-capex, increased margin operation, as outlined in its new PEA.
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U.S. Gold Corp. (NASDAQ: USAU): District Scale Gold Exploration in Nevada and Near Term Gold and Copper Production Potential in Wyoming, Interview with Edward Karr, President and CEO
by Dr. Allen Alper, PhD Economic Geology and Petrology, Columbia University, NYC, USA


U.S. Gold Corp. (NASDAQ: USAU) is a gold exploration and development company with two high potential exploration projects: Copper King in Southeast Wyoming, and Keystone, identified and consolidated by Dave Mathewson on the Cortez Trend in Nevada. The advanced-stage Copper King gold-copper porphyry project has a Preliminary Economic Assessment (PEA) technical report, showing robust resource and lots of exploration upside. The big blue-sky Keystone exploration property is located about 10 miles south of Barrick Gold's Cortez Hills mine and has a potential for a major gold discovery. We learned from Edward Karr, President and CEO of US Gold Corp., that 2018 has been a very active year for the company. They have completed several geochemical and geophysical surveys and started drilling at Keystone. They recently received environmental approval from the BLM. They have completed the summer drill program at Copper King that will generate news flow over the next several weeks. With a nice cash position, tight capital structure, no debt and two great properties in a safe jurisdiction with huge upside exploration potential, U.S. Gold Corp. is well positioned for the positive turn in gold market.
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Gran Colombia Gold Corp. (TSX: GCM, OTCQX: TPRFF): Largest Gold and Silver Producer in Colombia, Interview with Mike Davies, CFO
by Dr. Allen Alper, PhD Economic Geology and Petrology, Columbia University, NYC, USA


Gran Colombia Gold Corp. (TSX: GCM, OTCQX: TPRFF) is a Canadian-based gold and silver exploration, development and production company, with several underground mines in operation at its Segovia and Marmato Operations. We learned from Mike Davies, CFO of Gran Colombia Gold, that the company is currently the largest gold and silver producer in Colombia, with 90% of production coming from the Segovia project in the Antioquia belt. At its Marmato project, Gran Colombia is running a small mining operation, with plans for potential expansion. Its third project, Zancudo exploration project, is under option to IAMGOLD, who are currently executing a drilling program as part of an earn-in agreement. We learned from Mr. Davies that the company recently acquired a 15% interest in Sandspring Resources, who's Toroparu Project is considered to be one of the largest undeveloped gold deposits in South America. At the same time, Sandspring acquired 100% of the rights to explore, develop and mine the Chicharron Project, within Gran Colombia's mining title in the Segovia area. According to Mr. Davies, things are moving along well for the company. Their production more than doubled since 2014. Mr. Davies believes that Gran Colombia Gold's stock is significantly undervalued compared to its piers, they are "a mid-tier gold miner available at a junior price".
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Paramount Gold Nevada Corp. (NYSE American: PZG): Advanced Stage Grassy Mountain Gold Project, Prefeasibility Study showing Robust Economics, Interview with John Seaberg, Executive Chairman
by Dr. Allen Alper, PhD Economic Geology and Petrology, Columbia University, NYC, USA


Paramount Gold Nevada Corp. (NYSE American: PZG) is a U.S. based, U.S. focused precious metals exploration and development company, with a strategy to minimize shareholder risks and expenses, while maximizing gold ownership per share. Paramount owns 100% of the Grassy Mountain Gold Project, which consists of approximately 9,300 acres, located on private and BLM land in Eastern Oregon. Additionally, Paramount owns a 100% interest in the Sleeper Gold Project, located in Northern Nevada. We learned from John Seaberg, Executive Chairman of Paramount Gold Nevada, that in the near-term the company is focusing on the Grassy Mountain Project, which is now an advanced stage project, with a prefeasibility study completed and published in May of this year, showing robust economics, even at moderate gold prices. The project is in permitting stage, with several key permitting milestones accomplished. According to Mr. Seaberg, the Grassy Mountain will be a small, very profitable operation, with a high-grade underground mine, a small footprint, a resource of 362,000 ounces of gold at 7.23 g/ton, processing 1,200 to 1,400 tons per day, producing 47,000 ounces of gold and 50,000 ounces of silver a year.
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White Gold Corp (TSX.V: WGO; OTC – Nasdaq Intl: WHGOF; FRA: 29W): Owner of 40% of White Gold District of the Yukon, Canada, Interview with David D'Onofrio, CEO
by Dr. Allen Alper, PhD Economic Geology and Petrology, Columbia University, NYC, USA


White Gold Corp (TSX.V: WGO; OTC – Nasdaq Intl: WHGOF; FRA: 29W) owns a portfolio of 21,218quartz claims across 37 properties in White Gold District of the Yukon, Canada, totaling 423,260hectares (approximately 40% of the district). This makes White Gold Corp the largest land holder in the District. We learned from David D'Onofrio, CEO of White Gold Corp, that recently they have announced two major high-grade discoveries near their existing 1.3 million ounce high-grade resource. Shawn Ryan, the company's Chief Technical Advisor, has 20 years of experience prospecting gold in the Yukon, which led to the discovery of the White Gold, Coffee, and QV projects [7.5M ounces Au]. According to Mr. D'Onofrio, they barely scratched the surface on the property that has huge potential for many more discoveries.
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