Opus One Resources Inc. (TSX-V: OOR): discovering high-quality gold and base metals deposits, in the Abitibi Greenstone Belt, Quebec and Ontario; Interview with Louis Morin, CEO and Pierre O'Dowd, Chief Geologist
by Dr. Allen Alper, PhD Economic Geology and Petrology, Columbia University, NYC, USA


Opus One Resources Inc. (TSX-V: OOR)
is focused on discovering high-quality gold and base metals deposits, in the Abitibi Greenstone Belt, north-western Quebec and north-eastern Ontario – one of the most prolific gold mining areas in the world. Opus One holds assets in Val-d’Or, Matagami and Chibougamau areas. We learned from Louis Morin, CEO and Director, and Pierre O'Dowd, Chief Geologist, of Opus One Resources that their properties are all located in areas easily accessible by good road networks, which translates into significant savings in exploration costs. Every property has gold showings, with multiple near surface targets. The Company is currently focused on two areas, which include three properties in Casa-Berardi Break and an earn-in opportunity at the Fecteau project, located in the Windfall district.
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Arcanum Alloys: Currently Commercializing Two Metal Products that are Using Surface-Optimized Diffusion Alloy Technology (SODA); Interview with Dr. Daniel Bullard, CEO
by Dr. Allen Alper, PhD Economic Geology and Petrology, Columbia University, NYC, USA

We learned from Dr. Daniel Bullard, CEO of
Arcanum Alloys
that they are looking to change the way that steel is manufactured. Arcanum Alloys has developed a breakthrough technology to drive revolutionary performance and margins in numerous metal alloy markets. They are currently commercializing two products that are using Surface-Optimized Diffusion Alloy technology (SODA). One is a stainless steel alternative, where a low-carbon steel's surface is converted into a stainless-steel alloy that's metallurgically bonded to the substrate. That lowers the costs, improves the formability, and gives incredible corrosion performance. The second product is an electrical steel alternative, with improved performance.
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Aston Bay Holdings Ltd. (TSX-V: BAY; OTCQB: ATBHF): Exploring a New High-Grade, Near-Surface Discovery in the Gold-Rich Region of Virginia, USA; Interview with Thomas Ullrich, CEO
by Dr. Allen Alper, PhD Economic Geology and Petrology, Columbia University, NYC, USA


Aston Bay Holdings Ltd. (TSX-V: BAY; OTCQB: ATBHF)
is a mineral exploration company, exploring for gold and base metal deposits in Virginia, USA, and Nunavut, Canada. We learned from Thomas Ullrich, CEO and Director of Aston Bay Holdings, that they have a brand new high-grade, near-surface discovery at the Buckingham Gold Project, Virginia, in the best jurisdiction in the world. In the near-term, Aston Bay will focus exclusively on their Virginia project, where they have significant high-grade intercepts, such as 24.7 grams over 3.6 meters. In addition, they will be doing prospecting and exploration sampling around some past-producing mines, on their other property in Virginia.
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Champion Iron Limited (TSX: CIA, ASX: CIA): High-Grade Iron Ore Producer, Concentrate of 66.2% Fe., in Northern Quebec; Interview with Michael Marcotte, VP of Investor Relations
by Dr. Allen Alper, PhD Economic Geology and Petrology, Columbia University, NYC, USA


Champion Iron Limited (TSX: CIA, ASX: CIA)
, through its subsidiary Québec Iron Ore Inc., owns and operates the high-grade low-cost Bloom Lake Mining Complex, located on the south end of the Labrador Trough in Northern Québec, adjacent to established iron ore producers. Bloom Lake is an open-pit truck and shovel operation, with a concentrator, and it ships iron concentrate from the site by rail, initially on the Bloom Lake Railway, to a ship loading port in Sept-Îles, Québec. We learned from Michael Marcotte, who is VP of Investor Relations for Champion Iron, that their product is called a high-grade concentrate of 66.2% Fe that helps reduce C02 emission in the steelmaking process. The Company's balance sheet is very strong, the cash-flow is substantial, and they are in final consideration to completing a potential expansion project, which would double Bloom Lake's overall capacity from 7.4 Mtpa to 15 Mtpa. The largest markets for Champion Iron concentrate are China, Japan, Middle East, Europe, India, and Korea.
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Perseus Mining Limited (ASX/TSX: PRU): Appointed to the Prestigious S&P Dow ASX200index, Increasing Gold Production to 500,000 Plus Ounces Per Year; Jeff Quartermaine, Managing Director and CEO Interviewed
by Dr. Allen Alper, PhD Economic Geology and Petrology, Columbia University, NYC, USA


Perseus Mining Limited (ASX/TSX: PRU)
is an Australian company, that operates two gold mines in West Africa, with first gold, from its third mine, Yaouré, expected in December 2020, increasing gold production to more than 500,000 ounces per year in 2021/2022. We learned from Jeff Quartermaine, Managing Director and CEO of Perseus Mining, that they are generating quite a lot of cash in the current gold price environment, and will acquire 100% of Exore Resources, who's Bagoe project, in northern Côte d’Ivoire, is located near Perseus's Sissingué Gold Mine and has a maiden JORC-compliant Mineral Resource containing 90,000 ounces of gold indicated, and a further 440,000 ounces classified inferred resource. According to Mr. Quartermaine, as a result of the increase in value of the Company over the last 12 months and as a result of the increased turnover of stock, they have been appointed to the prestigious S&P Dow ASX200 index.
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BlueBird Battery Metals Inc. (TSXV: BATT; US: BBBMF): Developing a Nickel Based Discovery in Western Australia for the Electric Vehicle Battery Industry, Interview with Peter Dickie, President and CEO
by Dr. Allen Alper, PhD Economic Geology and Petrology, Columbia University, NYC, USA


BlueBird Battery Metals Inc. (TSXV: BATT; US: BBBMF)
is a small-cap Canadian junior resource exploration company, currently focused on developing a nickel-based discovery in Western Australia for the electric vehicle battery industry. We learned from Peter Dickie, who is President and CEO of BlueBird Battery Metals, they are busy reviewing the last exploration and drilling program on the Canegrass project that resulted in elevated levels of nickel and copper, as well as cobalt, vanadium, platinum and palladium credits. BlueBird is about to embark on a new, fairly aggressive, exploration and drilling program that is sure to generate lots of news, which hopefully will be reflected in appreciation of the market cap.
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CBLT Inc. (TSXV: CBLT): Natural Resource Company, Targeting Cobalt and Investigating Acquisition of Silver Properties in North America; Interview with Peter Clausi, CEO
by Dr. Allen Alper, PhD Economic Geology and Petrology, Columbia University, NYC, USA


CBLT Inc. (TSXV: CBLT)
is a natural resource company, targeting cobalt in ethical traceable mining jurisdictions. We learned from Peter Clausi, CEO of CBLT, that they were able to finance the Company on a non-dilutive basis, by selling off some of their cobalt assets for very high profits. Near term plans include acquiring silver properties in North America, either past producers or grassroots greenfields, in anticipation of the silver prices run. According to Mr. Clausi, the cobalt price has been artificially held down and is expected to run up, and CBLT has drill ready cobalt properties in Quebec, and Sudbury, Ontario.
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Lithium Power International (ASX: LPI): Developing Chile’s Next High-Grade Lithium Mine; Andrew Phillips, Executive Director, Company Secretary, and CFO, and also Richard Crookes, Executive Director, Corporate Finance
by Dr. Allen Alper, PhD Economic Geology and Petrology, Columbia University, NYC, USA


Lithium Power International (ASX: LPI)
is a pure-play lithium company focused on the development of Chile’s next high-grade lithium mine. The Maricunga JV, in which LPI holds a 51% interest, is the highest quality, pre-production, lithium brine project, in South America and has one of the world’s highest-grade lithium resources at 1,167 mg/l lithium and 8,500 mg/l potassium. The 2019 JORC and NI 43-101 compliant resource estimate, for the deposit, totals 2.07 Mt LCE, now all classified as measured or Indicated & 5.38 Mt KCl from surface to 200m depth. We learned from Andrew Phillips, who's Executive Director, Company Secretary, and Chief Financial Officer, and also Richard Crookes, who is Executive Director, Corporate Finance, of Lithium Power International, that the project is very low-cost, with a robust feasibility study, permitted and ready for financing. The Company is currently in the phase of finalizing a collaboration, with Chile state miner Codelco, then moving towards finalizing off-take and project finance.
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Providence Gold Mines Inc. (TSXV: PHD): Exploring and Developing a Past Producing Gold Mine in the “Mother Lode” District of California; Interview with Ron Coombes, President & CEO
by Dr. Allen Alper, PhD Economic Geology and Petrology, Columbia University, NYC, USA


Providence Gold Mines Inc. (TSXV: PHD)
The Property is located in the Summerville Mining District, Tuolumne County, California, upon the eastern belt of the “Mother Lode” District, consisting of 65 acres of fee simple land and 22 additional mining claims on US federal lands in the famous Motherlode mining districts.

We learned from Ron Coombes, President & CEO of Providence Gold Mines, that the project, acquired in 2017, is a former high-grade gold producer, shut down in the middle of a profitable operation, due to a dispute among owners, and has been abandoned for over one hundred years.
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Altech Chemicals Limited (ASX: ATC, FRA: A3Y): Becoming One of the World's Leading Suppliers of 99.99% (4N) High Purity Alumina (HPA); Interview with Iggy Tan, Managing Director
by Dr. Allen Alper, PhD Economic Geology and Petrology, Columbia University, NYC, USA


Altech Chemicals Limited (ASX: ATC, FRA: A3Y)
is aiming to become one of the world's leading suppliers of 99.99% (4N) high purity alumina (Al2O3), through the construction and operation of a 4,500tpa, high-purity alumina (HPA), processing plant at Johor, Malaysia. Feedstock for the plant will be sourced from the Company’s 100%-owned, kaolin deposit, at Meckering, Western Australia and shipped to Malaysia. We learned from Iggy Tan, who is Managing Director of Altech Chemicals, that high-purity alumina is a high-value, high-margin and highly-demanded product, required for the production of synthetic sapphire used in lithium ion batteries and LEDs. According to Mr. Tan, Altech Chemicals utilizes a disruptive technology that uses low-impurity kaolin stock, instead of the expensive aluminum metal, to create high-purity alumina at a third of the costs, with much lower CO2 footprint and energy consumption.
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Gold X Mining Corp. (TSX-V: GLDX, OTCQX: SSPXF): Developing One of the Largest Gold Deposits in the Americas; Interview with Richard Munson, President
by Dr. Allen Alper, PhD Economic Geology and Petrology, Columbia University, NYC, USA


Gold X Mining Corp. (TSX-V: GLDX, OTCQX: SSPXF)
is developing the Toroparu Gold Project in Guyana, South America. Gold X has spent more than US$150 million on the Project to date to both classify 7.35 million ounces of measured and indicated and 3.15 M-oz of inferred gold resources, develop engineering studies for use in a feasibility study, and define a number of exploration targets around Toroparu on its 53,844 hectare (538 km2) 100% owned Upper Puruni Concession. We learned from Richard Munson, who is President of Gold X Mining, that Toroparu is one of the largest gold deposits in the Americas, with tremendous potential and optionality, as we enter the next phase of this long term bull gold market.
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Argo Gold (CSE: ARQ): Exploring High-Grade Gold Projects in the Prolific Red Lake and Birch Uchi Greenstone Belts, Ontario; Interview with Judy Baker, CEO
by Dr. Allen Alper, PhD Economic Geology and Petrology, Columbia University, NYC, USA


Argo Gold (CSE: ARQ)
is a Canadian company, focused on gold exploration projects, in central and northwestern Ontario, that have indications of economic viability. All of Argo Gold’s projects are 100% owned. We learned from Judy Baker, CEO of Argo Gold, that their high-grade Uchi Gold Project (which includes the Woco Gold Prospect) is located west of Uchi Lake at the south end of a series of historical gold mines. The Uchi project is considered very prospective, the winter drill program confirmed 132 grams per ton gold, over 1.8 meters, at the Woco vein and 34.4 grams per ton gold, over half a meter, two kilometers to the southwest at Northgate. Near-term plans include; stripping the overburden from all the high priority targets, completing structural mapping, and getting ready for a larger follow-up drill-program in the summer of 2020.
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NOVONIX Group (ASX: NVX): Battery Materials Development and Advanced R&D and Testing Solutions for Lithium Ion Batteries, Interview with Dr. Chris Burns, COO
by Dr. Allen Alper, PhD Economic Geology and Petrology, Columbia University, NYC, USA


We learned from Dr. Chris Burns, COO of NOVONIX Group (ASX:NVX), that they are focused on battery materials development and advanced R&D and testing solutions for lithium ion batteries, particularly in the energy storage sector that requires advanced materials, with extremely long cycle lives that can be produced at low cost. The Company's R&D center, Novonix Battery Testing Services, is located in Halifax, Nova Scotia. The Group's anode production plant, called PUREGraphite is located in Chattanooga, Tennessee. It is the first North American company to land a supply contract, with a major cell manufacturer for battery graphite, and will be supplying synthetic graphite anodes to Samsung SDI, starting October this year. According to Dr. Burns, NOVONIX's short term goals, for the coming years, are to continue to grow the production capability and sales and revenue, within PUREGraphite, as well as through R&D, developing new technologies that can be applied outside of anodes, including electrolytes and cathodes (such as NMC or NCA type materials).
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Fortune Minerals Ltd. (TSX: FT) (OTCQB: FTMDF): Developing the advanced IOCG class NICO Deposit in the Northwest Territories and a Refinery in Southern Canada to Produce Cobalt, Gold, Bismuth and Copper: Interview with Robin Goad, President and CEO
by Dr. Allen Alper, PhD Economic Geology and Petrology, Columbia University, NYC, USA


Fortune Minerals Limited (TSX: FT) (OTCQB: FTMDF)
is a Canadian mining company focused on developing the advanced iron oxide copper-gold (IOCG class) NICO Project, which is comprised of a proposed mine and concentrator, up in the Northwest Territories, and a refinery in Southern Canada to produce cobalt, gold, bismuth and copper. We learned from Robin Goad, President and CEO of Fortune Minerals, that they are busy optimizing the project, based on the 2014 feasibility study development strategy, using current costs, up-to-date metal prices and currency exchange estimates, as well as some improvements to the project it has identified. We learned from Mr. Goad that Fortune Minerals is developing NICO as a vertically integrated project, and is involved in discussions with both the Canadian and US governments for potential funding for it, based on their Joint Action Plan for Critical Mineral supply. Cobalt and Bismuth are both identified on the US Critical Minerals List – having essential uses in essential manufacturing and defense industries, cannot be substituted by other minerals and their supply chains are threatened by geographic concentration of production and/or geopolitical risks. The NICO Deposit also contains more than one million ounces of gold as a countercyclical and liquid co-product.
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INTERVIEW WITH DAMIEN KOERBER - CHIEF OPERATING OFFICER EQUUS MINING (ASX:EQE)
by Dr. Allen Alper, PhD Economic Geology and Petrology, Columbia University, NYC, USA


During PDAC 2020, we talked with Damien Koerber, COO of Equus Mining (ASE: EQE). Equus is currently exploring the Cerro Bayo Silver and Gold project, aggressively and intends to establish sufficient resources to put the past-performing mine back into production.
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ioneer Ltd (ASX: INR): Low-Cost Project for the Economic Production of Lithium Carbonate, Lithium Hydroxide and Boric Acid, Interview with James Calaway, Chairman
by Dr. Allen Alper, PhD Economic Geology and Petrology, Columbia University, NYC, USA


ioneer Ltd (ASX: INR)
is the 100% owner of the Rhyolite Ridge, Lithium-Boron Project, located in Nevada, USA, the only known lithium-boron deposit in North America and one of only two known such deposits in the world. The Definitive Feasibility Study (DFS), released April 30, 2020, places Rhyolite Ridge as the single most attractive, lowest cost project for the economic production of lithium carbonate, lithium hydroxide and boric acid globally. In addition, the DFS confirms that the project has the most stable overall operating cost structure, for the production of lithium carbonate and battery grade lithium hydroxide, due to the scale and reliability of its boric acid credit. We learned from James Calaway, Chairman of ioneer, that next steps include starting the 12 month formal process of obtaining environmental permits. Rhyolite Ridge is expected to become a globally significant, long-life, cost-effective source of lithium and boron, vital to a sustainable future.
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Adventus Mining Corporation (TSX-V: ADZN; OTCQX: ADVZF): Building a Copper-Gold Business in Ecuador; Kargl-Simard, President and CEO
by Dr. Allen Alper, PhD Economic Geology and Petrology, Columbia University, NYC, USA


We learned from Interview with Kargl-Simard, President, CEO and Director of Adventus Mining Corporation (TSX-V: ADZN; OTCQX: ADVZF), that they are an exploration and development company, focused on building a copper-gold business in Ecuador. Adventus Mining is run by an all-Ecuadorian team, has one of Ecuador's largest and most respected private organizations - Nobis Group of Ecuador - as one of its strategic shareholders, and has partnered with Salazar Resources, which is the most successful explorer in Ecuador's history. Adventus is leading the exploration and engineering advancement of the Curipamba copper-gold project, in Ecuador, as part of an earn-in agreement to obtain a 75% ownership interest. Near-term plans include finishing the feasibility study on the high-grade El Domo deposit, located on the project, then getting ready to submit a draft of an environmental assessment, to the government, by next year, and ultimately, making a construction decision by early 2022. In addition, two new copper-gold porphyry districts, Pijili and Santiago, are being prepared for drilling in Q3-2020. Adventus Mining is well-financed, and its financially driven strategic investors include Altius Minerals Corporation, Greenstone Resources LP, Resource Capital Funds, and Wheaton Precious Metals Corp.
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Aztec Minerals Corp. (AZT: TSX-V, OTCQB: AZZTF): Discovering Exceptional Mineral Deposits in North America; Interview with Bradford Cooke, Chairman
by Dr. Allen Alper, PhD Economic Geology and Petrology, Columbia University, NYC, USA


Aztec Minerals Corp. (AZT: TSX-V, OTCQB: AZZTF)
is a mineral exploration company, focused on the discovery of exceptional mineral deposits in North America. We learned from Bradford Cooke, Chairman of Aztec Minerals, that they are focused on new discoveries at their Cervantes porphyry gold-copper property in Sonora, Mexico, as well as their Tombstone project, located in Southeast Arizona, approximately 65 km northeast of the massive new Taylor zinc-lead-copper-silver ‘CRD’ discovery.
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Rubicon Minerals Corporation (TSX: RMX | OTCQX: RBYCF): Advanced Gold Developer Company, in the Prolific Red Lake Gold District in Ontario, Canada; Interview with George Ogilvie, P.Eng., President& CEO


Rubicon Minerals Corporation (TSX: RMX | OTCQX: RBYCF)
is an advanced gold developer that owns the Phoenix Gold Project, located in the prolific Red Lake gold district in northwestern Ontario, Canada. We learned from George Ogilvie, P.Eng. President, CEO, and Director of Rubicon Minerals, that they have a compliant NI 43-101 resource, with 811,000 ounces of measured and indicated, with a gold grade in the ground of 6.45 grams per tonne, and a 1,800 tonne per day metric mill ready to go. In addition, the project has 464,000 ounces of inferred gold, with a grade slightly below 7 grams per tonne. Plans for 2020 include completing the feasibility study in the second half of the year that will show robust economics at conservative gold prices. At the end of 2020, Rubicon plans to announce the project financing to take the mine forward, quickly, to commercial production.
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Resolution Minerals Ltd (ASX: RML): Exploring the Largely Unexplored 64North Project Surrounding Northern Star’s Pogo Mine in Alaska, with 10 million Ozs; Interview with Duncan Chessell, Managing Director
by Dr. Allen Alper, PhD Economic Geology and Petrology, Columbia University, NYC, USA


Resolution Minerals Ltd (ASX: RML)
(formerly Northern Cobalt) has entered into a binding term sheet, with Millrock Resources Inc., to acquire, via joint venture earn-in, up to 80% of the 64 North Gold Project, located within the Tintina gold province, Alaska, which hosts more than 80Moz in gold, including the massive 45Moz Donlin Creek deposit. Divided into a pipeline of nine prospects, largely unexplored, the 64 North Project surrounds Northern Star’s Pogo Mine, total endowment of 10 million ounces of gold and is currently producing at a rate of 300,000 ounces per annum. We learned from Duncan Chessell, Managing Director of Resolution Minerals that they immediately built a road into the project and were able to commence drilling early this year, with the results coming back right now. Plans for 2020 include a fully funded exploration drilling program at the Aurora and Eco prospects.
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