Blue Star Gold Corp. (TSX-V: BAU; Frankfurt: 5WP): Exploring High-Grade Gold Projects in Northern territory of Nunavut, Canada; Interview with Stephen Wilkinson, President and CEO
by Dr. Allen Alper, PhD Economic Geology and Petrology, Columbia University, NYC, USA


We learned from Stephen Wilkinson, President and CEO of Blue Star Gold Corp. (TSX-V: BAU; Frankfurt: 5WP), that they are focused exclusively in the Western half of the Northern territory of Nunavut, in Canada, with projects situated inside the Arctic Circle on the Inuit-owned lands. Blue Star owns the highly prospective, 8,015 ha, Hood River gold property that has a number of bonanza-grade gold occurrences, grading hundreds of grams per ton. In addition, according the its latest news release, the Company has recently exercised its option and has acquired the high-grade, development-stage Ulu Gold Project that hosts high-grade resources of over 830,000 estimated gold ounces, of which 605,000 oz are in measured and indicated category, with excellent potential for resource growth. We learned from Mr. Wilkinson, Blue Star will undertake the site cleanup at Ulu project, as they promised to the Kitikmeot Inuit Association, to turn it into usable soil again. Other plans for 2020, at Ulu project, include adding resources through drilling and surface sampling.
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Auramex Resource Corp. (TSX.V: AUX): Exploring a Past-Producing High-Grade Gold Mine in the Golden Triangle of BC.
by Dr. Allen Alper, PhD Economic Geology and Petrology, Columbia University, NYC, USA


Auramex Resource Corp. (TSX.V: AUX)
is focused on exploring an historic gold mine, in the Golden Triangle, in British Columbia. Years of previous work focused on the area of the old workings. For the first time, Auramex Resource is using a systematic and comprehensive exploration approach that fuses “traditional” and emerging, cutting-edge exploration techniques. We learned from Lawrence Roulston, CEO of Auramex, that last summer they began reviewing the core that was drilled by the previous operators and began looking at it, in the context of modern scientific techniques, to extract valuable information. Plans for 2020 include further reviewing the old core, more surface geological work, as well as geochemical and geophysical programs, all aimed at accurately defining targets for a planned drilling program.
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Erin Ventures (TSX.V: EV): Advancing and Developing Their 100% Owned Piskanja Boron Project in Serbia; Interview with Tim Daniels, President
by Dr. Allen Alper, PhD Economic Geology and Petrology, Columbia University, NYC, USA


We learned from Tim Daniels, President and Director of Erin Ventures (TSX.V: EV), that they are a Canadian-based, emerging mineral exploration company, focused on the advancement and development of the 100% owned Piskanja boron project located in Serbia. Piskanja project is a high-grade boron deposit with a NI 43-101 compliant mineral resource of 7.8 million indicated tonnes (30.8% B2O3), in addition to 3.4 million inferred tonnes (28.6% B2O3). According to Mr. Daniels, by the fall of 2022, Erin is expecting to be fully licensed and ready to move forward, with development of the actual mine.
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U.S. Gold Corp. (NASDAQ: USAU): Updated Internal Economics of Copper King Project Show NPV of $321.6 Million and IRR of 52% in East Wyoming, and District Scale Exploration Properties on the Cortez and Carlin Trends in Nevada; Ed Karr, President and CEO
by Dr. Allen Alper, PhD Economic Geology and Petrology, Columbia University, NYC, USA


U.S. Gold Corp. (NASDAQ: USAU)
has a portfolio of exploration properties in the USA including Copper King, a PEA stage gold/copper property located in Southeast Wyoming, and Keystone and Maggie Creek - district scale exploration properties on the Cortez and Carlin Trends in Nevada. We learned from Ed Karr, who's President and CEO of U.S. Gold Corp., that the Company recently internally updated the PEA sensitivity tables on the Copper King project shows that at $1600 gold and $2.80 copper the project is very robust with NPV of 321.6 million dollars using a 5% discount rate. In Nevada, the more advanced Keystone project has a potential to become a world-class gold system. U.S. Gold Corp. is one of the very few junior exploration companies listed on NASDAQ, has an extremely tight capital structure with only 2.44 million shares 30% of which is owned by management and insiders.
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West Red Lake Gold Mines Inc. (CSE: RLG, OTCQB: RLGMF, FSE: HYK): Significant Property Position, Totaling 3,100 Hectares in the Red Lake Gold District, Interview with John Kontak, President
by Dr. Allen Alper, PhD Economic Geology and Petrology, Columbia University, NYC, USA


West Red Lake Gold Mines Inc. (CSE: RLG, OTCQB: RLGMF, FSE: HYK)
has assembled a significant property position, totaling 3,100 hectares in the Red Lake Gold District, which is host to some of the richest gold deposits in the world and has produced 30 million ounces of gold from high grade zones. There are three former gold mines on the property: the Mount Jamie Mine and Red Summit Mine properties are 100% owned by the Company and the Rowan Mine property is held in a 60%-owned joint venture with Newmont Corp. During PDAC 2020, we learned from John Kontak, President of West Red Lake Gold Mines, that Evolution Mining will be acquiring the Newmont part of the Rowan Mine property, while West Red Lake Gold remains the operator. The January drilling program showed gold near surface. Near-term plans include follow-up drilling and exploring a new deposit at the NT zone, along with the Rowan Deposit.
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Peloton Minerals Corporation (CSE: PMC): Exploring for Gold at Three Carlin style Prospects in Nevada and a Project with Two Past Producing Mines in Montana; Interview with Ted Ellwood, President & CEO
by Dr. Allen Alper, PhD Economic Geology and Petrology, Columbia University, NYC, USA

We spoke with Ted Ellwood, President, CEO and Director of Peloton Minerals Corporation (CSE: PMC), during PDAC 2020. Peloton is a gold exploration company, scratching the surface of Carlin trend type prospects in Nevada. Peloton has a strong team that is ramping up an aggressive drill program on several projects. Look for lots of great news from Peloton this summer. Peloton also is exploring a project with two past producing mines in Montana.
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Kalo Exploration: Gold Exploration in Fiji's North Island, Large Land Package, 367 Square kilometers; Interview with Michael Nesbitt Co-Founder
by Dr. Allen Alper, PhD Economic Geology and Petrology, Columbia University, NYC, USA


We learned from Michael Nesbitt of Kalo Exploration, a privately held mineral exploration and drilling company based out of Fiji that they have a large land package of 367 square kilometers under license, including the Cirianiu (SPL 1464) and Coqeloa (SPL 1511) Prospects, located on Fiji's North Island, with an inferred resource of 158,831 ounces of gold. Kalo controls a 25-kilometer mineralized corridor that, according to Mr. Nesbitt, will turn out to be host to a very significant deposit.
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Amarillo Gold Corp. (TSXV: AGC, OTCQB: AGCBF): Developing Two Gold Properties in Mining-Friendly Brazil; Interview with Mike Mutchler, President and CEO
by Dr. Allen Alper, PhD Economic Geology and Petrology, Columbia University, NYC, USA


We learned from Mike Mutchler, President and CEO of Amarillo Gold Corp. (TSXV: AGC, OTCQB: AGCBF), that they are developing two gold properties in mining-friendly Brazil. The open pit Mara Rosa Project, in the Goias State, has a NI 43-101 compliant resource of 1.1 million ounces of open-pit reserve at 1.4 grams per ton, and is open along a 20 kilometer trend. The Lavras do Sul Project, in the state of Rio Grande do Sul, in the South of Brazil, is an advanced exploration stage property, comprising more than 22 targets, centered on historic gold workings. Amarillo is currently drilling both properties, with the results expected shortly. Plans for 2020 include; receiving the installation license at Mara Rosa by mid-year, locking in the final construction financing, and commencing construction of the mine. According to Mr. Mutchler, the 7,000 ton per day processing plant will be commissioned in late 2021, with first gold pouring late 2021 and full commercial production in early 2022. Mr. Mutchler believes that right now is a very good time to build a gold mine in Brazil.
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Murchison Minerals Ltd. (TSXV: MUR): High-Grade Zinc-Copper-Silver Brabant-McKenzie Project, in Saskatchewan and HPM Nickel-Copper-Cobalt Project in Quebec; Interview with JC Potvin, President, CEO and Chairman
by Dr. Allen Alper, PhD Economic Geology and Petrology, Columbia University, NYC, USA


Murchison Minerals Ltd. (TSXV: MUR)
is focused on its 100% owned high-grade zinc-copper-silver Brabant-McKenzie project, located in Saskatchewan, the number one ranked mining jurisdiction in Canada. Murchison also holds a 100% interest in the HPM nickel-copper-cobalt project in Quebec where it has recently doubled its claim holdings. We learned from JC Potvin, President, CEO and Chairman of Murchison Minerals, that the Brabant McKenzie deposit, with 2.1 MT @ 10% Zn eq. (Indicated) and 7.7 MT @6.3% Zn eq. (Inferred), remains open for expansion. It is located at 175 kilometres northeast of La Ronge, within excellent surrounding infrastructure, including provincial highway, grid power, water and service centers. The surrounding land package is highly prospective for additional VMS deposits, which tend to occur in clusters.
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AbraPlata (TSX-V: ABRA): Advanced Huge Silver-Gold Project with Upside Potential; Interview with John Miniotis, President and CEO; PDAC Booth 2215B
by Dr. Allen Alper, PhD Economic Geology and Petrology, Columbia University, NYC, USA


AbraPlata (TSX-V: ABRA)
is focused on the Diablillos silver-gold property, located in the mining friendly province of Salta, Argentina, that holds 140 million silver-equivalent ounces or 1.7 million gold-equivalent ounces in indicated resource, with significant expansion potential. This is a very large advanced-stage project, with a robust initial open pit PEA, completed in 2018, and an ongoing drilling program that shows initial results of 7.0m at 20.6 g/t Au and 202 g/t Ag, and 17.5m at 604 g/t Ag within oxides. We learned from John Miniotis, President and CEO of AbraPlata, that 2020 plans include a 3,000-meter drilling program that will result in an updated resource and an optimized PEA. According to Mr. Miniotis, AbraPlata has a very low valuation relative to its peer group, while at the same time holding very good exploration upside potential, as witnessed by their recent drill results. In addition, AbraPlata owns the Arcas project in Chile, where Rio Tinto has an option to earn up to a 75% interest, by funding up to US$25 million in exploration. The Company also owns the highly prospective Cerro Amarillo property, with its cluster of five mineralized Cu-(Mo-Au) porphyry intrusions, and the Aguas Perdidas, Patagonia-style epithermal Au-Ag property.
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IsoEnergy Ltd. (TSXV: ISO; OTCQX: ISENF): Proven Team, Outstanding Backing, Fantastic Uranium Drill Results in Athabasca Basin, Saskatchewan, Canada; Interview with Craig Parry, CEO; PDAC Booth 2421B
by Dr. Allen Alper, PhD Economic Geology and Petrology, Columbia University, NYC, USA


IsoEnergy Ltd. (TSXV: ISO; OTCQX: ISENF)
has just announced fantastic results from their current drill program, at their high-grade, Hurricane Zone uranium discovery, on the Larocque East property, located in the Eastern Athabasca Basin in Saskatchewan, Canada. Two drill holes intersected massive pitchblende areas measuring >65,000CPS (off-scale on the RS-125), which will translate into very high-grade uranium mineralization and the most significant and strongest mineralization drilled to date on the property. We learned from Craig Parry, CEO of IsoEnergy, to which the market responded well, trading big volumes at a higher share price. IsoEnergy expects the full drilling assays back in time for PDAC. According to Mr. Parry, these results really confirm Hurricane to be a serious new discovery that will become a significant new deposit in Eastern Athabasca.
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Nouveau Monde Graphite Inc. (TSX.V: NOU; OTCQX: NMGRF; Frankfurt: NM9): Developing the Largest Graphite Operation in the Western World; Interview with Eric Desaulniers, President and CEO; PDAC Booth 2830
by Dr. Allen Alper, PhD Economic Geology and Petrology, Columbia University, NYC, USA


Nouveau Monde Graphite Inc. (TSX.V: NOU; OTCQX: NMGRF; Frankfurt: NM9)
is developing the Matawinie graphite mining project, located in Saint-Michel-des-Saints, 150 km north of Montréal, QC, and it is the largest graphite operation projected in the Western world. The 2018 Feasibility Study revealed strong economics, with projected graphite concentrate production of 100,000 tons per year, with an average concentrate purity of 97%, over a 26-year period. We learned from Eric Desaulniers, President and CEO of Nouveau Monde, that they are targeting the steel making industry market and the lithium-ion battery market. Currently, Nouveau Monde operates a demonstration plant, where it produces concentrated flake graphite, which is being sent to potential North American and international clients for the qualification of its products. Nouveau Monde is planning a large-scale secondary graphite transformation facility, for perspective vertical integration, within the electrical vehicle market. According to Mr. Desaulniers, 2020 will be a pivotal year, as the Company receives commercial scale permits and begins construction of the mine and concentrator in the fall. Dedicated to high standards of sustainability, the Matawinie graphite project will be the first of its kind to operate as an all-electric, low-carbon mine.
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Timberline Resources Corporation (OTCQB: TLR; TSX-V: TBR): Advancing District-Scale Gold Exploration and Development Projects in Nevada; Interview with Dr. Steven Osterberg, President and CEO; PDAC Booth 2848
by Dr. Allen Alper, PhD Economic Geology and Petrology, Columbia University, NYC, USA


Timberline Resources Corporation (OTCQB: TLR; TSX-V: TBR)
is advancing district-scale gold exploration and development projects in Nevada, where the Company controls mineral rights on over 43 square miles. We learned from Dr. Steven Osterberg, President and CEO of Timberline Resources, that they chose to focus on Nevada because it is a world-class mining and mining investment jurisdiction, with well-established districts. Timberline's projects are located on the prolific Battle Mountain-Eureka gold trend. The Company has drill discoveries in three projects, including a high grade multi-gram discovery on Eureka Project that holds over 500,000 ounces of qualified resources and is open for expansion. We learned from Dr. Osterberg, that Timberline has a very tight share structure, very high insider ownership, with Directors and Management holding about 37% of the Company, and a very diverse Board, with both technical and capital markets experience.
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Galileo Mining (ASX: GAL): A Greenfield Exploration and Prospecting Company, Focusing on Cobalt, Nickel and Gold/Copper in Western Australia; Interview with Brad Underwood, Managing Director
by Dr. Allen Alper, PhD Economic Geology and Petrology, Columbia University, NYC, USA


We talked with Brad Underwood, Managing Director of Galileo Mining (ASX: GAL) about their nickel and cobalt projects in Western Australia. Galileo is focused mostly on greenfield exploration. Brad Underwood describes them as, “an exploration and prospecting company, wrapped into one.” They are experts in target generation and focus on drilling targets to make discoveries. Two projects, both based in Western Australia, have advanced targets for nickel and cobalt. They have a very strong Board with a wide range of expertise and the ability to create value. Galileo Mining is a Company to watch, with upcoming drilling programs to provide a strong news flow in the first half of 2020.
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Piedmont Lithium Limited (Nasdaq: PLL; ASX: PLL): In the World-Class Carolina, USA Tin-Spodumene Belt, Becoming the World's Lowest Cost Lithium Hydroxide Producer: Interview with Keith Phillips, Managing Director and CEO
by Dr. Allen Alper, PhD Economic Geology and Petrology, Columbia University, NYC, USA


Piedmont Lithium Limited (Nasdaq: PLL; ASX: PLL)
holds a 100% interest in the Piedmont Lithium Project, located approximately 30 miles west of Charlotte, North Carolina, within the world-class Carolina Tin-Spodumene Belt and along trend to the Hallman Beam and Kings Mountain mines, historically providing most of the western world’s lithium between the 1950s and the 1980s. We learned from Keith Phillips, Managing Director and CEO of Piedmont Lithium, that this is a very large, high-grade, high-quality lithium belt, with outstanding mineralogy, located in an enviable area from an industrial infrastructure perspective, in close proximity to customers and with a low-cost operation. The region is also known for its large, by-product, industrial minerals like quartz, feldspar and mica. Piedmont Lithium is working on developing a large enough market for these minerals to reduce their already low costs even further and become the world's lowest cost lithium hydroxide producer, for the high-nickel cathode materials industry.
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Discussion with Robert Phillips, Managing Director of in Global Corporate Client Group at Nasdaq and Ian Ball President and CEO of Abitibi Royalties
by Dr. Allen Alper, PhD Economic Geology and Petrology, Columbia University, NYC, USA


In our work at Nasdaq, our mission is to help our Global clients maximize their engagement with the capital markets. That includes listings and corporate services, trading, technology and data. We're honored to have over 3,000 on the US listed side, 3,000 companies across the entire spectrum of all market caps and sectors.
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Rockridge Resources Ltd. (TSX-V: ROCK, OTCQB: RRRLF, Frankfurt: RR0): Focused on Two Main projects, in World-Class Mining Camps, with Proven Geologic Potential: Interview with Grant Ewing, CEO
by Dr. Allen Alper, PhD Economic Geology and Petrology, Columbia University, NYC, USA


We learned from Grant Ewing, CEO of Rockridge Resources Ltd. (TSX-V: ROCK, OTCQB: RRRLF, Frankfurt: RR0), that they are focused on two main projects, located in world-class mining camps, with proven geologic potential. The Company's high-grade Raney Gold exploration project, in Ontario, is located in an area with excellent access and infrastructure in the same greenstone belt that hosts the world class Timmins and Kirkland Lake lode gold mining camps. The Company’s other core asset is a near-surface copper-cobalt-gold-silver-zinc VMS deposit, called Knife Lake Project, located in Saskatchewan, which is ranked as the #3 mining jurisdiction in the world by the Fraser Institute. According to Mr. Ewing, this deposit is open along strike and at depth and holds excellent potential for additional discoveries. The Company is well financed for 2020 and is about to embark on an early drilling program at the Raney Gold project, in mid-February through April, followed by summer exploration work at their Knife Lake copper project.
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AVZ Minerals Ltd (ASX: AVZ): Developing the vast Manono Lithium and Tin Project in the south of the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC); Interview with Nigel Ferguson, Managing Director
by Dr. Allen Alper, PhD Economic Geology and Petrology, Columbia University, NYC, USA


AVZ Minerals Ltd (ASX: AVZ)
is a mineral exploration company focused on developing the Manono Lithium and Tin Project located in the south of the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) in central Africa. AVZ has a 60% interest in the Manono Project. We learned from Nigel Ferguson, who is Managing Director of AVZ Minerals, that Manono is a world class, tier-one asset, with over 400 million tonnes of 1.65% lithium as well as 300,000 tonnes of tin under the present JORC resource, which he believes makes it the third largest tin resource in the world. Near-term plans include completing the definitive feasibility study and environmental studies, securing additional equity from a joint venture partner, construction of the camp and, ultimately, going into production in 2021.
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Adriatic Metals PLC (ASX: ADT, LSE: ADT1): Developing the World Class High Grade Polymetallic Vareš Project in Bosnia & Herzegovina; Interview with Paul Cronin, Managing Director and CEO. PDAC Booth 2738
by Dr. Allen Alper, PhD Economic Geology and Petrology, Columbia University, NYC, USA


Adriatic Metals PLC (ASX: ADT, LSE: ADT1)
is a precious and base metals explorer and developer, with the first mover advantage, via its 100% interest in the polymetallic Vareš Project in Bosnia & exploration deposit at Rupice. Adriatic’s short-term aim is to expand the current JORC resource at Rupice, as well as conduct exploration on a number of other prospects within the property. We learned from Paul Cronin, Managing Director and CEO of Adriatic Metals, that this is a very strong economic project, low capital cost, high value, and quick payback in eight months. Adriatic has been very successful in terms of its share price and market capitalization, as well as in raising the capital needed to expedite its exploration efforts and to advance the project rapidly into the development phase.
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Newmont Corporation (NYSE: NEM, TSX: NGT): World’s Leading Gold Company and Producer of Copper, Silver, Zinc and Lead; Interview with Omar Jabara, Group Executive for Communications. PDAC Booth 2912
by Dr. Allen Alper, PhD Economic Geology and Petrology, Columbia University, NYC, USA


Newmont Corporation (NYSE: NEM, TSX: NGT)
is the world’s leading gold company and a producer of copper, silver, zinc and lead. The Company’s unmatched portfolio of world-class assets, prospects and talent is anchored in favorable mining jurisdictions in North America, South America, Australia and Africa. Newmont Goldcorp is the only gold producer listed in the S&P 500 Index and is widely recognized for its principled environmental, social and governance practices. We learned from Omar Jabara, who is in charge of communications for Newmont, that the Company was ranked top miner in Newsweek's list of America's Most Responsible Companies, which together with robust financial performance and effective risk management is an indication of a well-run and well-managed business. We learned from Mr. Jabara that 2019 was a pivotal year for the Company because of the successful acquisition of Goldcorp, which was the largest acquisition in gold mining history, as well as the successful joint venture in Nevada with Barrick Gold called Nevada Gold Mines, also a very significant transaction, within gold mining space. Newmont's new five year guidance released in December indicated to the market that they are in a very strong position to deliver the highest production profile of any gold producer, while also leading in safety as well as in sustainability performance.
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