Sandstorm Gold Ltd. (NYSE MKT: SAND, TSX: SSL): Very Successful High Growth Rate Gold Royalty Company, Interview with Nolan Watson, President, CEO
by Dr. Allen Alper, PhD Economic Geology and Petrology, Columbia University, NYC, USA


Sandstorm Gold Ltd. (NYSE MKT: SAND, TSX: SSL) is a gold royalty company that provides upfront financing to gold mining companies and in return, receives the right to a percentage of the gold produced from a mine, for the life of the mine. Sandstorm has acquired a portfolio of 171 royalties, of which 21 mines are producing. We learned from Mr. Nolan Watson, President, CEO, and Director of Sandstorm Gold, that they have royalties all around the world. Their partners span everything from massive, major companies to mid-tier companies, and even junior exploration companies. Their producing royalties generate about $50 million U.S. per year of free cash flow. This will go up to $100 million by 2022. According to Mr. Watson, the company's main objective is to keep growing their portfolio, increasing the cash flow per share, and increasing the value for shareholders.
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Revival Gold Inc. (TSXV: RVG): Proven Gold Team, Orion Backing, Brownfield Exploration and Development in the Second Largest Gold Producing Region in the World, Hugh Argo, President & CEO
by Dr. Allen Alper, PhD Economic Geology and Petrology, Columbia University, NYC, US


Revival Gold Inc. (TSXV: RVG) is a growth focused gold exploration and development company. The company has executed an agreement whereby it may acquire a 100% interest in Meridian Beartrack Co., owner of the Beartrack Gold Project located in Lemhi County, Idaho. Revival also owns a 100% interest in the neighboring Arnett Creek Gold Project. In addition, Revival Gold holds a 51% interest in the Diamond Mountain Phosphate Project located in Uintah County, Utah. We learned from Hugh Argo, President, CEO, and Chairman of Revival Gold, that the work at Beartrack is in full swing with two rigs currently drilling, pursing oxide resource at surface and high grade targets at depth. He expects to have initial exploration results towards the end of this year. Plans for 2018 include more drilling at Beartrack and Arnett Creek. According to Mr. Argo, Revival Gold sees itself in a bull market for gold developing, so it's an exciting time to be in gold.
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Balmoral Resources Ltd. (TSX: BAR): Successful Well-Funded Canadian Exploration and Development Company, Expanding High-Grade Gold and Ni-Cu-Co-PGE Deposits in the Abitibi, Darin Wagner, President and CEO
by Dr. Allen Alper, PhD Economic Geology and Petrology, Columbia University, NYC, USA


Balmoral Resources Ltd. (TSX:BAR) is a well-funded Canadian exploration and development company focused on delineating and expanding numerous gold deposits and discoveries within the Martiniere gold system, on its 1,000 square kilometer Detour Gold Trend Project in Quebec, Canada. The Detour Gold Trend Project also hosts Balmoral’s Grasset Ni-Cu-Co-PGE deposit, as well as numerous other gold and base metal occurrences.
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Endurance Gold Corporation (TSX.V: EDG): A Successful North American Gold Exploration, Project Generator and Royalty Company, Robert Boyd, President, CEO
by Dr. Allen Alper, PhD Economic Geology and Petrology, Columbia University, NYC, USA


Endurance Gold Corporation (TSX.V: EDG) is a precious metals exploration and development company focused on the acquisition, exploration and development of highly prospective North American mineral properties, with the potential to develop world-class deposits. We learned from Robert Boyd, President, CEO, and Director of Endurance Gold, with over 38 years of exploration experience, that they are a project generator type company that has recently generated and sold two early stage exploration opportunities. Currently, the company is focused on its exploration project in Alaska called the Elephant Mountain Project that has potential for both a large tonnage low grade gold system and for a higher grade system with geological comparisons to Kinross’ Fort Knox Mine and Victoria Gold’s Eagle Deposit, Yukon. Plans for 2018 include a drill program to test at least four of six prioritized drill targets, with a goal of advancing through the discovery stage. According to Mr. Boyd, the company's expertise is discovering new camps through research and field work, acquisition of 100% ownership, and advancing these projects through to discovery stage.
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GTA Resources and Mining Inc. (TSXV: GTA): Focused on Exploring for Gold and Zinc in Canada, Interview with Peter M. Clausi, CEO and Director
by Dr. Allen Alper, PhD Economic Geology and Petrology, Columbia University, NYC, USA


GTA Resources and Mining Inc. (TSXV: GTA) is focused on exploring for gold and zinc in Canada, and recently celebrated its 10th year of being listed on TSX Venture Exchange. GTA currently has three projects located in northern Ontario: the 54% owned Northshore Gold Project in the world-famous Hemlo Gold Camp; an option to acquire a 100% interest in the Big Duck Lake Gold Project; and, the 100% owned Auden Project near Hearst. GTA also owns a 100% interest in the Burnt Pond Zinc-Silver Project in central Newfoundland. We learned from Peter M. Clausi, CEO and a Director of GTA Resources, that Northshore has a NI 43-101 resource estimate of over one million ounces of gold, while Big Duck Lake Gold has a historic resource of 53,000 tons of gold, averaging 10.5 grams of per ton. Near term plans include drilling at Big Duck Lake to prove the historic data with the aim of releasing the results in December.
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Premier Gold Mines Limited (TSX-PG): Proven Management Team, Low-Cost Production, Rapid Growth and Sustained exploration, Interview with Ewan Downie, President and CEO
by Dr. Allen Alper, PhD Economic Geology and Petrology, Columbia University, NYC, USA


Premier Gold Mines Limited (TSX-PG) is a gold producer and respected exploration and development company, with a high-quality pipeline of precious metal projects in proven, accessible and safe mining jurisdictions in Canada, the United States, and Mexico. We learned from Ewan Downie, President and CEO of Premier Gold Mines, that they achieved production just over a year ago and currently operate two mines; one in Nevada, one in Mexico. In addition to that, Premier has three advanced stage development projects. According to Mr. Downie, in 2018 they will be starting developing their El Nino underground and the Phase One open pit project. The company is generating positive cash flow and has a very substantial exploration budget.
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Leading Edge Materials Corp. (TSXV: LEM, OTCQB: LEMIF): Mining and Producing Materials for the Lithium-Ion Battery Sector, Interview with Blair Way, CEO and President
by Dr. Allen Alper, PhD Economic Geology and Petrology, Columbia University, NYC, USA


Leading Edge Materials Corp. (TSXV:LEM, OTCQB: LEMIF) was formed in August 2016 via the merger of Tasman Metals Ltd. with Flinders Resources Ltd. We learned from Blair Way, who is CEO and President of Leading Edge Materials, that they have been progressing their flagship property called the Woxna Graphite facility, which is a fully-permitted and constructed graphite production facility. LEM uses the graphite product and tailors it to meet the needs of the lithium ion battery sector. In addition to that, LEM has lithium and rare earth assets in Sweden. With the focus on the green energy markets of Europe, and, with assets in innovation-rich Scandinavia, the company is ideally placed to play a pivotal role in the sustainable supply of critical technology materials.
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Hecla Mining Company (NYSE: HL): A Leading Low-Cost U.S. silver Producer and a Growing Gold Producer, Interview with Mike Westerlund, VP- Investor Relations
by Dr. Allen Alper, PhD Economic Geology and Petrology, Columbia University, NYC, USA


Hecla Mining Company (NYSE: HL) is a leading low-cost U.S. silver producer with operating mines in Alaska, Idaho and Mexico and is a growing gold producer, with an operating mine in Quebec, Canada. We learned from Mike Westerlund, VP of Hecla Mining, that the big difference in Hecla and a lot of other companies is its strategy of acquiring long-lived, low-cost mines, in which it can invest to improve productivity and safety. Also of note, are the high grades of their silver mines, which allows them to generate positive cash flow in most market environments. From a gold perspective, they have doubled the through-put of their gold mine in Quebec, since they acquired it in 2013. They expect the second half of this year to improve operations considerably with higher grade. Another aspect that differentiates Hecla from a lot of companies is their focus on innovation, which is part of its strategy of investing in innovative mining techniques in their operations now.
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Pan American Silver Corp. (NASDAQ: PAAS; TSX: PAAS): One of the Largest Primary Silver Producers, Reducing Costs and Delivering Strong Operating Results, Siren Fisekci VP Investor Relations
by Dr. Allen Alper, PhD Economic Geology and Petrology, Columbia University, NYC, USA


Pan American Silver Corp. (NASDAQ: PAAS; TSX: PAAS) is one of the largest primary silver producers in the world that owns and operates six mines across Mexico, Peru, Argentina and Bolivia. Pan American also owns several development projects in the USA, Mexico, Peru and Argentina. According to Siren Fisekci, who is VP of Investor Relations and Corporate Communications of Pan American Silver, for the first half of 2017, they generated net earnings of $36 million and are among the lowest cost in their peer group of silver producers. The company pays dividends and is looking forward to growing free cash flow over the next several years, thanks to two major expansions at their mines in Mexico. Pan American's vision is to be the world's pre-eminent silver producer, with a reputation for excellence in discovery, engineering, innovation and sustainable development.
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Lepidico Ltd (ASX: LPD): Focused on Becoming a Fully Integrated Lithium Business from Mine through the Value Chain to Lithium Carbonate Production, Joe Walsh, Managing Director
by Dr. Allen Alper, PhD Economic Geology and Petrology, Columbia University, NYC, USA


Lepidico Ltd (ASX: LPD) is focused on exploration, development and production of lithium. Lepidico owns the technology to the L-Max® Process that has successfully produced lithium carbonate from non-conventional sources, specifically lithium-rich mica minerals including lepidolite and zinnwaldite. Recently a major capital raising has been taking place that includes a placement to Galaxy Resources Ltd, an A$1.5 billion capitalized lithium producer. We learned from "Joe" Walsh, Managing Director of Lepidico, that they have a strategic objective to become a fully integrated lithium business from mine through the value chain to lithium carbonate production by the end of this decade. What differentiates Lepidico from its lithium peers is the fact that they are looking to develop lithium mica deposits, which is a relatively uncontested space.
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KEMET Corporation (NYSE: KEM): A Leading Global Supplier of Passive Electronic Components, Interview with Per Loof, CEO
by Dr. Allen Alper, PhD Economic Geology and Petrology, Columbia University, NYC, USA

KEMET Corporation (NYSE:KEM), a leading global supplier of passive electronic components, offers the broadest selection of capacitor technologies in the industry, along with an expanding range of electromechanical devices, electromagnetic compatibility solutions and supercapacitors. KEMET's vision is to be the preferred supplier of electronic component solutions for customers demanding the highest standards of quality, delivery and service. We learned from Per Loof, CEO of KEMET, that they do many of their manufacturing activities in places like China, Vietnam, Thailand, Indonesia, Japan, Macedonia, Bulgaria, Italy, Portugal, Sweden, Finland, Mexico, and in the U.S. KEMET's major component is capacitors but they also make inductors, filters, suppressors and sensors of various types. According to Mr. Loof, they supply about 95% of all dielectrics. We learned from Mr. Loof that KEMET is known for its innovations and needs to stay in the forefront of technology. They are the market leader in conflict-free tantalum and, in particular, the newer organic polymer capacitor field. Mr. Loof is especially proud to be supplying one of the Formula One competitors, as well as the new Orion space vehicle that is currently being made. The company employs about 16,000 people globally. Its annual revenues are approximately 1.2 billion USD and they make about 1,400 pieces every second.
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White Rock Minerals (ASX: WRM): In possession of a globally significant zinc and silver VMS Project in Alaska, and a Gold-Silver Project in Northern NSW Australia, Interview with Matthew Gill, Managing Director and CEO
by Dr. Allen Alper, PhD Economic Geology and Petrology, Columbia University, NYC, USA


White Rock Minerals (ASX: WRM) is an Australian minerals exploration and development company with projects located in northern NSW and central Alaska. White Rock’s cornerstone asset is the Mt Carrington epithermal gold-silver project in northern NSW. Their other asset is the advanced VMS Red Mountain project in Alaska with high grade zinc and silver in two deposits. We learned from Matthew Gill, who is Managing Director and CEO of White Rock Minerals that Mt Carrington is an advanced stage project with about 50% gold 50% silver, with a definitive feasibility study, currently in progress and an approved mining lease. According to Mr. Gill, the project already has a finance proposal from a private equity group in New York called Cartesian, one of White Rock's largest shareholders, who would like to fund the construction of the mine. As far as the Red Mountain project, it is a globally significant zinc and silver project, recently acquired by White Rock that is already able to stand shoulder-to- shoulder with other ASX-listed peers in the zinc space.
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General Moly, Inc. (NYSE MKT and TSX: GMO): Mt. Hope Project in Nevada, One of the World's Largest and Highest Grade Molybdenum Deposits, Bruce Hansen, CEO and CFO
by Dr. Allen Alper, PhD Economic Geology and Petrology, Columbia University, NYC, USA


General Moly, Inc. (NYSE MKT and TSX: GMO), is a U.S.-based molybdenum mineral development, exploration and mining company with an 80% interest in the Mt. Hope project located in central Nevada, which is considered one of the world's largest and highest grade molybdenum deposits. Combined with the Company's wholly-owned Liberty project, a molybdenum and copper property also located in central Nevada, General Moly's goal is to become the largest pure-play primary molybdenum producer in the world. We learned from Bruce Hansen, who is CEO and also CFO of General Moly, that the Mt. Hope project is on the lower end of the primary producer cost curve and has already attracted large strategic players in the steel industry. The Liberty project is an excellent follow-on asset that will produce about half the amount of moly as compared to the Mt. Hope project and will also produce by-product copper. Plans for 2018 include finalizing all required permits for the Mt. Hope project. According to Mr. Hansen, the moly market is improving over the long term and General Moly is the go-to story in the moly space.
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Cobalt 27 Capital Corp. (TSX.V – KBLT): Acquiring Physical Cobalt, Focused Portfolio of Streams, Royalties and Direct Interests in Mineral Properties Containing Cobalt, Anthony Milewski, Chairman and CEO
by Dr. Allen Alper, PhD Economic Geology and Petrology, Columbia University, NYC, USA


Cobalt 27 Capital Corp. (TSX.V – KBLT) is a minerals company that offers pure-play exposure to cobalt, an integral element in key technologies of the electric vehicle and battery energy storage markets. Cobalt 27 intends to acquire and hold physical cobalt, as well as manage and grow a cobalt-focused portfolio of streams, royalties and direct interests in mineral properties containing cobalt. We learned from Anthony Milewski, Chairman, CEO and director of Cobalt 27, that they are the single largest holder of physical Cobalt metal outside of the Chinese government stockpile. Their market cap today is around $240 million and they are underpinned by 2160 metric tons of Cobalt. In 2017/2018 Cobalt 27 Capital is actively reviewing a number of opportunities in the streaming and royalty space. According to Mr. Milewski, if you believe in electric vehicles you might want to own the basic materials and relative to other mining stock Cobalt 27 is a low risk way to play the beta.
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U.S. Gold Corp. (NASDAQ: USAU): Advancing High Potential Gold Projects in Nevada and Wyoming in a Major Gold System, Interview with Edward Karr, President, CEO and Chairman
by Dr. Allen Alper, PhD Economic Geology and Petrology, Columbia University, NYC, USA


U.S. Gold Corp. (NASDAQ: USAU) is a U.S.-focused gold exploration and development company, advancing high potential projects in Nevada and Wyoming. We learned from Edward Karr, President, CEO and Chairman of U.S. Gold Corp., that their development asset is called Copper King, and located just outside of Cheyenne, Wyoming. Copper King has an historic, preliminary-economic-assessment that shows a real robust resource of about 1.1 million measured, indicated, inferred ounces of gold, and 300 million pounds measured, indicated, inferred pounds of copper. In Nevada, U.S. Gold Corp. has another flagship asset, called Keystone. Keystone has been identified and consolidated by legendary Nevada geologist Dave Mathewson, who also has put together a scout drilling program, which showed that there is a major gold system on the property and in the district.
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Pine Point Mining Limited (TSXV: ZINC): Past Producing Zinc Mine, PEA Shows Robust Economics, Low CAPEX, and IRR of 34.5%, Interview with Jamie Levy, President and CEO
by Dr. Allen Alper, PhD Economic Geology and Petrology, Columbia University, NYC, USA


Pine Point Mining Limited (TSXV: ZINC) acquired a 100% interest in the past producing Pine Point lead-zinc project in December, 2016. Since that time, a positive Preliminary Economic Assessment (PEA) on the project, showing a robust mining operation, which over a 13-year mine life, would have an after-tax net present value of $C210.5 million and internal rate of return of 34.5%, with a payback of 1.8 years. We learned from Jamie Levy, President and CEO of Pine Point Mining, that the deposits occur over a 70-kilometer strike length with great infrastructure and a huge exploration upside. Plans for fall and winter 2017/2018 include some gravity geophysics work around the old Pine Point town site followed by drilling, with the aim of starting the feasibility study as soon as possible and fast tracking the permitting process. Mr. Levy believes zinc is one of the better commodities out there, it's the fourth most consumed metal in the world, after copper, aluminum, and iron.
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Interview with Don Baxter, President and CEO of Alabama Graphite Corporation: The Most advanced Battery Grade Graphite Project in USA
by Dr. Allen Alper, PhD Economic Geology and Petrology, Columbia University, NYC, USA


Alabama Graphite Corp. (TSX-V: CSPG; OTCQB: CSPGF; FRANKFURT: 1AG) is a Canadian-based flake graphite development company, as well as an aspiring battery materials production and technology company. The Company operates through its wholly owned subsidiary, Alabama Graphite Company Inc. (a company registered in the state of Alabama). With the only completely battery-focused flake graphite project in the contiguous USA, Alabama Graphite intends to become the first producing American graphite mine this century — and to become a reliable, long-term leading US supplier of specialty high-purity graphite for the growing green-energy Lithium-ion battery markets. We learned from Don Baxter, President and CEO of Alabama Graphite Corporation, that the only significant future demand for flake graphite is for battery-ready graphite materials, and that's what the company is focused on. According to Mr. Baxter, graphite demand is only projected to increase for battery graphite, and you need to have the requisite expertise to process the material. Companies interested in the batteries made by Alabama Graphite include some Department of Defense contractors, who are mandated to use products made and sourced in the contiguous USA whenever possible. No other company out there can offer that, which puts Alabama Graphite in a uniquely strong position.
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TriMetals Mining Inc. (TSX: TMI, US OTCQX: TMIAF): Exploration and Development of the Large-Scale Near Surface, Gold Springs Gold-Silver Project in Mining Friendly Nevada and Utah, Interview with, Ralph Fitch, President and CEO
by Dr. Allen Alper, PhD Economic Geology and Petrology, Columbia University, NYC, USA


TriMetals Mining Inc. (TSX: TMI, US OTCQX: TMIAF) is a growth focused, mineral exploration company, creating value through the exploration and development of the near surface, Gold Springs gold-silver project in mining friendly Nevada and Utah in the U.S.A. Ralph Fitch, President and CEO of TriMetals Mining is an exploration geologist, with over 50 years of international exploration management and field experience. He is excited about the last season's drill results, especially at the Jumbo Trend that has significant growth potential. The new drilling campaign is currently under way with the results expected at the end of the month. Another project, coming into focus for TriMetals Mining, thanks to the firming copper prices, is the Escalones copper-gold porphyry project in Chile that holds six and a half billion pounds of copper equivalent 43-101 based resource, and has lots of potential to expand.
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Pasinex Resources Limited (CSE: PSE; FSE: PNX): Doubled Zinc Production and Well Positioned for Growth, Interview with Steve Williams, President and CEO
by Dr. Allen Alper, PhD Economic Geology and Petrology, Columbia University, NYC, USA


Pasinex Resources Limited (CSE: PSE; FSE: PNX) and Joint Venture partner Akmetal, are currently producing high-grade zinc from their mine called Pinargozu, in the province of Adana, south-central Turkey. We learned from Steve Williams, President and CEO of Pasinex Resources, that since they expanded the mine last year, they have been able to double their production, which brought them to 160 metric tons per day. As a result, their revenues and profitability significantly increased. Plans for 2017/2018 include ongoing underground mine-development and exploration at the mine site. According to Mr. Williams, Pasinex is a growth story and Zinc is going to be well positioned near term.
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LiCo Energy Metals Inc. (TSX-V: LIC, OTCQB: WCTXF): A Lithium and Cobalt Exploration Company, in Chile, Ontario, Canada, and Nevada, Tim Fernback, President and CEO
by Dr. Allen Alper, PhD Economic Geology and Petrology, Columbia University, NYC, USA


We learned from Tim Fernback, President and CEO of LiCo Energy Metals Inc. (TSX-V: LIC, OTCQB: WCTXF) that they are a lithium and cobalt exploration company, with properties and operations in Chile, Ontario, Canada, and Nevada. The company's properties are all situated in strategic locations, with proven resources. The plan is to improve those properties by way of exploration, and then eventually partner with a larger company to take up the extraction of the metal. We learned from Mr. Fernback that LiCo Energy recently purchased a cobalt property in Ontario from Glencore that includes an off-take agreement at prevailing market prices. According to Mr. Fernback, LiCo Energy has the potential for explosive growth in terms of the enterprise value of the company, as they prove out their properties.
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