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Yamana Gold Announces Fourth Quarter and Full Year 2016 Results

TORONTO, ONTARIO--(Marketwired - Feb. 16, 2017) - YAMANA GOLD INC. (TSX:YRI)(NYSE:AUY) ("Yamana" or "the Company") is herein reporting its financial and operational results for the fourth quarter and full year 2016, and its Mineral Reserve and Mineral Resource estimate for the year ended December 31, 2016. Full year 2016 results include total gold production of 1.27 million ounces, revenue of $1.79 billion, net loss(1) of $290.8 million or $0.31 per share, and adjusted earnings(1,2) of $43.3 million or $0.05 per share. Additional highlights are provided below.

FULL YEAR OPERATIONAL HIGHLIGHTS

  • Total gold production of 1.27 million ounces (including nine months of production from Mercedes).
  • Total silver production of 7.0 million ounces (including nine months of production from Mercedes).
  • Total copper production of 115.5 million pounds.
Metals from
continuing operations
Gold
(oz.)
Silver
(M oz.)
Copper
(M lbs.)
Produced 1,198,741 6.71 115.5
Sold 1,188,267 6.60 104.9
Costs from
continuing operations
Gold
(/oz.)
Silver
(/oz.)
Copper
(/lbs.)
Total cost of sales per unit sold $1,008 $13.79 $1.93
Co-product cash costs(2) per unit produced $665 $8.96 $1.58
Co-product AISC(2) per unit produced $911 $12.65 $2.03

FULL YEAR 2016 FINANCIAL HIGHLIGHTS

  • Revenue of $1.79 billion, an increase of $67.1 million compared to 2015 due to higher realized gold and silver prices, partly offset by lower silver and copper production and lower realized copper price.
  • Net loss(1) of $290.8 million or $0.31 per share, compared to a net loss of $1.7 billion or $1.80 per share in 2015.
  • Adjusted earnings(1,2) of $43.3 million or $0.05 per share, compared to an adjusted loss of $64.5 million or $0.08 per share in 2015.
  • Cash flows from operating activities after net change in working capital of $651.9 million, an increase of $137.9 million compared to 2015.
  • Cash flows from operating activities before net change in working capital(2) of $626.6 million, compared to $654.8 million in 2015. The current year cash flows include a $64 million advance payment received on metal purchase agreements compared to $148 million in the prior year. Excluding these advance payments cash flow from operating activities before net change in working capital increased by nearly $56 million.
  • Net free cash flow(2) of $211.2 million, an increase of $173.8 million compared to 2015.

(All amounts are expressed in United States dollars unless otherwise indicated.)

  1. From continuing operations.
  2. to a non-GAAP financial measure or an additional line item or subtotal in financial statements. Reconciliations for all non-GAAP financial measures are available at www.yamana.com/Q42016 and in Section 14 of the Company's fourth quarter 2016 Management's Discussion & Analysis, which has been filed on SEDAR.

FOURTH QUARTER OPERATIONAL HIGHLIGHTS

Metals from continuing operations Gold (oz.) Silver (M oz.) Copper (M lbs.)
Produced 319,265 1.63 36.9
Sold 324,197 1.62 34.2
Costs from continuing operations Gold (/oz.) Silver (/oz.) Copper (/lbs.)
Total cost of sales per unit sold $1,004 $15.58 $1.80
Co-product cash costs(2) per unit produced $667 $10.07 $1.44
Co-product AISC(2) per unit produced $928 $14.48 $1.80

FOURTH QUARTER 2016 FINANCIAL HIGHLIGHTS

  • Revenue of $484.4 million, an increase of $45.3 million compared to the fourth quarter of 2015 due higher metal prices, partly offset by lower copper sales.
  • Net loss(1) of $355.4 million or $0.38 per share, compared to a net loss of $1.4 billion or $1.53 per share in the fourth quarter of 2015.
  • Adjusted earnings(1,2) of $6.7 million or $0.01 per share, compared to an adjusted loss of $6.4 million or $0.01 per share in the fourth quarter of 2015.
  • Cash flows from operating activities after net change in working capital of $163.0 million, compared to $296.8 million in the fourth quarter of 2015.
  • Cash flows from operating activities before net change in working capital(2) of $147.7 million, compared to $294.3 million in the fourth quarter of 2015. There was no advance payment received on metal purchase agreements for the fourth quarter of 2016, compared to $148 million in the fourth quarter of 2015.
  • Net free cash flow(2) of $55.2 million, compared to $56.7 million in the fourth quarter of 2015.

YEAR END MINERAL RESERVES AND MINERAL RESOURCES SUMMARY

For the year ended December 31, 2016.

Proven and Probable Mineral Reserves
Tonnes (000s) Grade (g/t) Contained oz. (000s)
Gold 842,152 0.62 16,680
Silver 13,725 182.0 80,290
Tonnes (000s) Grade (%) Contained lbs (M)
Copper 568,987 0.26 3,298
Measured and Indicated Mineral Resources
Tonnes (000s) Grade (g/t) Contained oz. (000s)
Gold 650,114 1.01 21,159
Silver 98,696 17.2 54,604
Tonnes (000s) Grade (%) Contained lbs (M)
Copper 132,012 0.24 698
Inferred Mineral Resources
Tonnes (000s) Grade (g/t) Contained oz. (000s)
Gold 296,781 1.58 15,039
Silver 45,134 52.2 75,701
Tonnes (000s) Grade (%) Contained lbs (M)
Copper 75,920 0.32 535

The following tables present a summary of the Company's Mineral Reserve and Mineral Resource estimate by property.

Mineral Reserves & Mineral Resources Estimates Contained Gold Contained Silver Contained Copper
Proven & Probable Mineral Reserves 000s ounces 000s ounces million pounds
2016 2015 2016 2015 2016 2015
Chapada 4,081 4,118 - - 3,248 3,033
El Peñón 1,053 1,456 36,109 49,765 - -
Canadian Malartic (50%) 3,548 3,863 - - - -
Gualcamayo 754 967 - - - -
Minera Florida 468 596 3,458 3,860 - -
Jacobina 1,885 1,995 - - - -
Cerro Moro 715 715 40,723 40,723 - -
Jeronimo (57%) 1,082 1,082 - - - -
Upper Beaver (50%) 698 - - - 22 -
Yamana Gold Proven & Probable Mineral Reserves 14,284 14,792 80,290 94,348 3,270 3,033
Brio Gold Mineral Reserves (84.6%) 2,327 621 - - - -
Total Gold Proven & Probable Mineral Reserves 16,611 15,413 80,290 94,348 3,270 3,033
Mineral Reserves & Mineral Resources Estimates Contained Gold Contained Silver Contained Copper
Measured & Indicated Mineral Resources 000s ounces 000s ounces million pounds
2016 2015 2016 2015 2016 2015
Chapada 1,889 2,037 3,775 3,775 660 838
El Peñón 628 905 21,484 26,982 - -
Canadian Malartic (50%) 644 625 - - - -
Gualcamayo 2,815 4,451 - - - -
Minera Florida 909 867 5,510 4,952 - -
Jacobina 2,637 2,575 - - - -
Cerro Moro 238 238 20,313 20,313 - -
Jeronimo (57%) 139 139 - - - -
La Pepa 2,760 2,760 - - - -
Suyai 2,286 2,286 3,523 3,523 - -
Monument Bay 1,787 1,787 - - - -
Hammond Reef (50%) 2,251 2,251 - - - -
Upper Beaver (50%) 202 900 - - 6 34
Amalgamated Kirkland (50%) 133 133 - - - -
Anoki-McBean (50%) 160 - - - - -
Yamana Gold Measured & Indicated Mineral Resources 19,478 21,954 54,605 59,545 666 872
Brio Gold Mineral Resources (84.6%) 1,633 1,901 - - - -
Total Gold Measured & Indicated Mineral Resources 21,111 23,855 54,605 59,545 666 872
Mineral Reserves & Mineral Resources Estimates Contained Gold Contained Silver Contained Copper
Inferred Mineral Resources 000s ounces 000s ounces million pounds
2016 2015 2016 2015 2016 2015
Chapada 870 972 982 982 514 678
El Peñón 1,413 1,519 54,025 58,073 - -
Canadian Malartic (50%) 215 213 - - - -
Odyssey (50%) 714 0 - - - -
Gualcamayo 1,656 1,543 - - - -
Minera Florida 1,012 933 5,704 5,050 - -
Jacobina 1,549 1,549 - - - -
Cerro Moro 279 279 14,415 14,415 - -
Jeronimo (57%) 161 161 - - - -
La Pepa 620 620 - - - -
Lavra Velha 543 543 - - - -
Arco Sul 646 646 - - - -
Suyai 274 274 575 575 - -
Monument Bay 1,781 1,781 - - - -
Hammond Reef (50%) 6 6 - - - -
Upper Beaver (50%) 708 658 - - 19 32
Amalgamated Kirkland (50%) 203 203 - - - -
Anoki-McBean (50%) 191 - - - - -
Yamana Gold Inferred Mineral Resources 12,841 11,900 75,701 79,095 533 710
Brio Gold Mineral Resources (84.6%) 2,194 2,602 - - - -
Total Gold Inferred Mineral Resources 15,035 14,502 75,701 79,095 533 710

Additional details, including a mine by mine discussion, are presented below. For complete information relating to Yamana's Mineral Reserve and Mineral Resource estimate for the year ended December 31, 2015, refer to the Company's press release issued on February 18, 2016.

KEY STATISTICS

Key operating and financial statistics for the fourth quarter and full year 2016 are outlined in the following tables.

Financial Summary

Three Months
Ending Dec 31st
Twelve Months
Ending Dec 31st
(In millions of United States Dollars except for shares and per share amounts, unaudited) 2016 2015 2016 2015
Revenue 484.4 439.1 1,787.7 1,720.6
Cost of sales excluding depletion, depreciation and amortization (284.1 ) (252.5 ) (1,029.0 ) (1,015.1 )
Depletion, depreciation and amortization ("DDA") (128.3 ) (137.4 ) (462.3 ) (503.9 )
Total cost of sales (412.4 ) (389.9 ) (1,491.3 ) (1,519.0 )
Mine operating earnings (639.3 ) (1,419.8 ) (414.9 ) (1,267.4 )
General and administrative expenses (29.9 ) (26.8 ) (100.2 ) (110.1 )
Exploration and evaluation expenses (3.0 ) (6.2 ) (14.9 ) (18.7 )
Net earnings/(loss) from continuing operations (355.4 ) (1,448.6 ) (290.8 ) (1,686.7 )
Net earnings/(loss) from continuing operations per share - basic (0.38 ) (1.53 ) (0.31 ) (1.80 )
Adjusted earnings/ (loss) from continuing operations 6.7 (6.4 ) 43.3 (64.5 )
Adjusted earnings/ (loss) per share 0.01 (0.01 ) 0.05 (0.08 )
Cash flow generated from continuing operations after changes in non-cash working capital 163.0 296.8 651.9 514.0
Cash flow from operations before changes in non-cash working capital 147.7 294.3 626.6 654.8
Revenue per ounce of gold 1,196 1,079 1,240 1,133
Revenue per ounce of silver 17.11 14.62 17.06 15.74
Revenue per pound of copper 2.02 1.71 1.92 2.14
Average realized gold price per ounce 1,210 1,102 1,251 1,157
Average realized silver price per ounce 17.17 14.62 17.04 15.68
Average realized copper price per pound 2.48 2.26 2.24 2.69

Production, Financial and Operating Summary

Three Months
Ending Dec 31st
Twelve Months
Ending Dec 31st
2016 2015 2016 2015
Gold produced from continuing operations, excluding Brio Gold 268,788 277,516 1,009,079 1,022,125
Gold production attributable to Yamana from continuing operations 318,368 316,795 1,197,844 1,166,223
Gold produced from continuing operations 319,265 316,795 1,198,741 1,166,223
Total gold production 319,265 337,202 1,269,015 1,250,360
Silver produced (millions of ounces) from continuing operations 1.63 1.86 6.71 8.63
Silver sold (millions of ounces) from continuing operations 1.62 1.88 6.60 8.52
Copper produced - Chapada (millions of pounds) 36.9 36.6 115.5 131.0
Copper sold - Chapada (millions of pounds) 34.2 38.6 104.9 126.0
Three Months
Ending Dec 31st
Twelve Months
Ending Dec 31st
Gold 2016 2015 2016 2015
Total cost of sales per ounce sold, excluding Brio Gold $935 $935 $991 $1,000
Total cost of sales per ounce sold $1,004 $959 $1,008 $1,018
Co-product cash costs per ounce produced, excluding Brio Gold $635 $608 $650 $644
Co-product cash costs per ounce produced $667 $609 $665 $653
All-in sustaining co-product costs per ounce produced, excluding Brio $894 $773 $897 $846
All-in sustaining co-product costs per ounce produced $928 $782 $911 $855
Silver 2016 2015 2016 2015
Total cost of sales per ounce sold $15.58 $13.44 $13.79 $14.13
Co-product cash costs per ounce produced $10.07 $7.71 $8.96 $8.40
All-in sustaining costs per ounce produced, co-product basis $14.48 $9.93 $12.65 $11.51
Copper 2016 2015 2016 2015
Total cost of sales per copper pound sold $1.80 $1.48 $1.93 $1.71
Co-product cash costs per pound of copper produced - Chapada $1.44 $1.30 $1.58 $1.47
All-in sustaining costs per pound of copper produced - Chapada $1.80 $1.55 $2.03 $1.77

Production Breakdown

Three Months
Ending Dec 31st
Twelve Months
Ending Dec 31st
Gold Ounces 2016 2015 2016 2015
Chapada 40,358 34,498 107,301 119,059
El Peñón 55,764 59,375 220,209 227,288
Canadian Malartic (50%) 69,971 72,872 292,514 285,809
Gualcamayo 44,840 52,864 164,265 180,674
Minera Florida 25,675 29,180 104,312 112,580
Jacobina 32,180 28,727 120,478 96,715
Total production from continuing operations, excluding Brio Gold 268,788 277,516 1,009,079 1,022,125
Brio Gold (attributable to Yamana) 49,580 39,279 188,765 144,098
Brio Gold (attributable to non-controlling interest) 897 - 897 -
Mercedes - 20,407 70,274 84,137
TOTAL 319,265 337,202 1,269,015 1,250,360
Three Months
Ending Dec 31st
Twelve Months
Ending Dec 31st
Silver Ounces
Chapada 78,020 70,547 259,444 274,533
El Peñón 1,454,293 1,584,280 6,020,758 7,692,811
Minera Florida 94,738 202,643 429,048 660,997
Continuing Operations 1,627,051 1,857,470 6,709,250 8,628,341
Mercedes - 102,116 326,876 382,943
TOTAL 1,627,051 1,959,586 7,036,126 9,011,284

FULL YEAR 2016 FINANCIAL AND OPERATIONAL RESULTS

Financial results for the year ended December 31, 2016

Net loss from continuing operations attributable to Yamana equity-holders for the year ended December 31, 2016 was $290.8 million or $0.31 per share basic and diluted, compared to net loss from continuing operations of $1.7 billion or $1.80 per share basic and diluted for the year ended December 31, 2015.

Adjusted earnings (a non-GAAP financial measure) from continuing operations were $43.3 million or $0.05 per share for the year ended December, 31, 2016, compared to adjusted loss from continuing operations of $64.5 million or $0.08 per share. Mine operating losses for the year ended December 31, 2016 were $414.9 million, compared to a loss of $1,267.4 million in 2015. Adjusted earnings and mine operating earnings for the period was higher due to lower impairment of mining properties, higher realized gold and silver prices, partially offset by lower copper price and lower sales.

Revenue for the year ended December 31, 2016 was $1.8 billion, compared to $1.7 billion for the year ended December 31, 2015 resulting from higher average realized price for gold and silver, offset by lower metal sales for silver and copper, and a lower price for copper. Revenue for the year was generated from the sale of 1,188,267 ounces of gold, 6.6 million ounces of silver and 105 million pounds of copper. This compares to sales of 1,162,963 ounces of gold, 8.5 million ounces of silver and 126 million pounds of copper for the year ended December 31, 2015.

Revenue per ounce of gold was $1,240 per ounce of gold, $17.06 per ounce of silver and $1.92 per pound of copper for the year ended December 31, 2016, compared to revenue per ounce of gold of $1,124, per ounce of silver $15.68 and $2.15 per pound of copper for the year ended December 31, 2015. The average realized price was $1,251 per ounce of gold, $17.04 per ounce of silver and $2.24 per pound of copper for the year ended December 31, 2016, compared to $1,156 per ounce of gold, $15.68 per ounce of silver and $2.15 per pound of copper for the year ended December 31, 2015. It should be noted that revenue per ounce of gold and revenue per pound of copper are net of treatment and refining charges and sales taxes, therefore are lower than the corresponding average realized prices of these metals.

Cost of sales excluding DDA for the year ended December 31, 2016 was $1.03 billion, compared to $1.02 billion in 2015. Cost of sales excluding DDA for the year was higher than 2015 reflecting increased cash costs and the foreign exchange effect of the appreciation of the Brazilian Real, Chilean Peso and Canadian Dollar.

Gross margin excluding depletion, depreciation and amortization for the year ended 2016 was $758.7 million, compared to $705.5 million in 2015, which resulted from a revenue increase of $67.1 million, partially offset by an increase in cost of sales excluding DDA of $15 million.

DDA expense for the year ended December 31, 2016 was $462.3 million, compared to $503.9 million for the same period of 2015. DDA expense was lower than prior year mainly due to lower asset book values due to the impairment charges recorded in the fourth quarter of 2015, a portion of which related to producing properties. This was partly offset by the addition of DDA expense associated with the RDM mine acquired in April 2016.

Other expenses and income include general and administrative, exploration and evaluation, other expenses and net finance expense totalling $297.0 million for the year ended December 31, 2016, compared to $311 million in 2015:

  • General and administrative expenses were $100.2 million, compared to $110.1 million in 2015. Results reflect the cost containment initiatives undertaken by the Company to respond to the current economic environment, offset by some additional expenses in relation to the formation of Brio Gold.
  • Exploration and evaluation expenses were $14.9 million, compared to $18.7 million in 2015. Lower exploration and evaluation expenses, relative to 2015, are the result of lower district exploration.
  • Other expenses were $39.7 million, compared to $69.6 million in 2015. Other expenses in 2015 include an equity loss from associate of $17.5 million with no current period comparative balance. The current year expenses reflect a gain on Sandstorm warrants of $16.3 million with no prior year comparative balance.
  • Net finance expense was $142.2 million, compared to net finance expense of $112.6 million for the same period in 2015. Higher net finance expense is mainly due to:
    • an increase in expense of $58.9 million resulting from non-cash unrealized foreign exchange loss of $33.7 million in the current year, compared to a gain of $25.2 million in 2015,
    • lower interest expense of $8.4 million on long-term debt in the current year due to the repayment of revolving debt,
    • decrease in finance expense as the 2015 finance expense includes realized loss on derivatives for $19.8 million with no current period comparative balance.

Income tax recovery for the year ended December 31, 2016 was $324.9 million, compared to a recovery of $476.3 million in 2015. Income tax expense for the period includes a $20.0 million unrealized foreign exchange gain in tax, compared to a $201.5 million unrealized foreign exchange loss in tax in 2015.

Operating Results for the year ended December 31, 2016

Gold production for 2016 was higher than the comparative period in 2015. Production at most mines was generally in line with or above targets. Notably, Canadian Malartic achieved a record level of annual production of gold since the inception of the mine.

Gold

Production from continuing operations in 2016 was 1,198,741 ounces of gold, higher by 3%, compared to 1,166,223 ounces of gold produced in 2015. Production increases over 2015 includes an increase of 25% at Jacobina, 2% at Canadian Malartic and 31% at the Brio Gold mines. These increases were partly offset by decreases at Chapada of 10% due to the second quarter in-pit crusher failure, at Gualcamayo of 9% due to lower feed grade and recovery rate, and 7% at Minera Florida as the result of lower throughput. As a whole, gold production was in line with expectations.

Total cost of sales per ounce of gold in 2016, excluding Brio Gold, was $991 per ounce sold, compared to $1,000 per ounce sold in 2015. Including Brio Gold, total cost of sales per ounce of gold in 2016 was $1,008 per ounce sold, compared to $1,018 per ounce sold in 2015.

Co-product cash costs (a non-GAAP financial measure) from continuing operations attributable to the Company for 2016 were $650 per ounce of gold produced, compared to $644 per ounce of gold produced for 2015. Including Brio Gold, co-product cash costs (a non-GAAP financial measure) were $665 per ounce of gold produced, compared to $653 per ounce of gold produced for 2015, representing a slight 2% year-over-year increase.

On a co-product basis, AISC (a non-GAAP financial measure) from continuing operations, excluding Brio Gold, were $897 per ounce of gold produced for 2016, compared to $846 per ounce of gold produced for 2015. Including Brio Gold, AISC were $911 per ounce of gold produced for 2016, compared to $855 per ounce of gold produced for 2015, representing a 7% increase.

Total cost of sales per ounce sold, co-product cash costs per ounce produced and co-product AISC per ounce produced were negatively impacted by higher operating costs and lower production at several operating mines, offset by several ongoing cost containment initiatives. Total cost of sales per gold ounce was positively impacted from lower DDA resulting from the impairment taken in the fourth quarter of 2015.

Silver

Silver production from continuing operations for 2016 was 6.7 million ounces, compared to the 8.6 million ounces in 2015. Mine sequence at certain locations continues to extract from areas with lower silver grades. Production was in line with expectations for silver.

Total cost of sales for silver in 2016 was $13.79 per ounce sold, compared to $14.13 per ounce sold in 2015. Co-product cash costs (a non-GAAP financial measure) for 2016 were $8.96 per ounce of silver produced, compared to $8.40 per ounce of silver produced in 2015. On a co-product basis, AISC (a non-GAAP financial measure) was $12.65 per ounce of silver produced, compared to $11.51 per ounce of silver produced in 2015.

Copper

Total copper production for 2016 was 115.5 million pounds, compared to 131.0 million pounds for 2015 impacted by the operating challenges experienced at Chapada in the second quarter as discussed in the 2016 second quarter MD&A relative to the operational issues that impacted production including a mechanical failure with its in-pit gyratory crusher and weather related issues which made access to high-grade ore more difficult.

Total cost of sales for copper in 2016 was $1.93 per pound sold, compared to $1.71 per pound sold in 2015. Co-product cash costs (a non-GAAP financial measure) for 2016 were $1.58 per pound of copper produced from the Chapada mine, compared to $1.47 per pound of copper produced in the same period of 2015, representing a 7% increase.

On a co-product basis, AISC (a non-GAAP financial measure) was $2.03 per pound of copper produced at Chapada, compared to $1.77 per pound of copper produced at Chapada in 2015.

The increase in cost on a per ounce basis are related to lower copper production at Chapada associated to the mechanical failure that occurred late in the second quarter and was remediated in the third quarter.

FOURTH QUARTER 2016 FINANCIAL AND OPERATIONAL RESULTS

Financial results for the three months ended December 31, 2016

Net loss from continuing operations attributable to Yamana equity holders for the three months ended December 31, 2016 was $355.44 million or $0.38 per share basic and diluted, compared to net loss from continuing operations attributable to Yamana equity holders of $1.45 billion or $1.53 per share basic and diluted for the three months ended December 31, 2015. Net loss from continuing operations for 2016 includes the non-cash impairment charges totalling $600.4 million, or $381.6 million after tax.

Adjusted earnings (a non-GAAP measure) from continuing operations was $6.7 million or $0.01 per share for the three months ended December 31, 2016, compared to adjusted loss of $6.4 million or $0.01 per share for the same period of 2015. Mine operating loss for the three months ended December 31, 2016 were $639.3 million, compared to $1,419.8 million for the same period in 2015. Adjusted loss and mine operating loss for the period were better than the previous year due to lower impairment of mining properties, higher realized metal prices and partially offset by lower sales.

Income tax recovery for the three months ended December 31, 2016 was $269.2 million, compared to an income tax recovery of $669.8 million for the same period in 2015.

Revenue for the three months ended December 31, 2016 was $484.4 million, compared to the $439.1 million for the same period of 2015, as a result of higher metal prices, partly offset by lower copper sales. Revenue for the fourth quarter was generated from the sale of 324,197 ounces of gold, 1.6 million ounces of silver and 34.2 million pounds of copper. This compares to sales, of 342,194 ounces of gold, 1.9 million ounces of silver and 38.6 million pounds of copper for the three months ended December 31, 2015. It should be noted that revenue per ounce of gold and revenue per pound of copper are net of treatment and refining charges and sales taxes, therefore are lower than the corresponding average realized prices of these metals.

Revenue per ounce of gold was $1,196 per ounce of gold, $17.11 per ounce of silver, and $2.02 per pound of copper for three months ended December 31, 2016, compared to revenue per ounce of gold was $1,051, per ounce of silver of $14.35 and per pound of copper of $1.73 for the three months ended December 31, 2015. The average realized price was $1,210 per ounce of gold, $17.17 per ounce of silver and $2.48 per pound of copper for the three months ended December, 31, 2016, compared to $1,101 per ounce of gold, $14.67 per ounce of silver and $2.22 per pound of copper for the three months ended December 31, 2015.

Cost of sales excluding depletion, depreciation and amortization for the three months ended December 31, 2016 was $284.1 million compared to $252.5 million for the same period in 2015. Cost of sales excluding depletion, depreciation and amortization for the fourth quarter was higher than that of the same period in 2015 as a result of higher operating costs, resulting partially from the stronger Brazilian Real and Chilean Peso in the fourth quarter of 2016.

Depletion, depreciation and amortization ("DDA") expense for the three months ended December 31, 2016 was $128.3 million compared to $137.4 million for the same period of 2015. DDA expense is highly impacted by the higher cost of certain capitalized development areas and the areas that were mined during the current period that may have a different cost per ounce, resulting in a variation in cost per unit from period to period. Furthermore, the DDA is lower than the same quarter of 2015 mainly due to lower asset book values due to the impairment charges recorded in the fourth quarter of 2015.

  • Other expenses, as discussed below, include general and administrative, exploration and evaluation, other and net finance expenses were $81.5 million for the three months ended December 31, 2016, compared to $131.3 million for the same period in 2015:
  • General and administrative expenses were $29.9 million, compared to $26.8 million for the same period in 2015. Although the expense for the period is higher than the comparative period, this is predominantly the result of timing differences on when the expenses were incurred. For 2016, the general and administrative expense decrease over the prior year reflects the cost containment initiatives undertaken by the Company to respond to the current economic environment, offset by additional expenses in relation to the formation of Brio Gold with no comparative figures in 2015.
  • Exploration and evaluation expenses were $3.0 million, compared to $6.2 million for the same period in 2015. Lower exploration and evaluation expenses, relative to 2015, are the result of lower district exploration.
  • Other expenses were $19.0 million, compared to $36.2 million for the same period of 2015. Other expenses in current period includes a recovery of $5.3 million related to mark-to-market of deferred share units, compared to a recovery of $0.8 million in the same period 2015. Additionally, 2015 other operating expenses also includes the provision against the $6 million option payment which was subsequently reversed in the first quarter of 2016 when the monetization efforts of Brio Gold Inc resumed.
  • Net finance expense was $29.6 million compared to net finance expense of $62.2 million for the same period in 2015. Finance expense in 2015 includes foreign exchange losses of $16.3 million, compared to a loss of $8.79 million in the fourth quarter of 2015 and $18.5 million in derivative losses related to non-operating mines, with no comparatives in the current fourth quarter.

Operating Results for the three months ended December 31, 2016

Gold production attributable to the Company from continuing operations for the fourth quarter of 2016 was lower than the fourth quarter in 2015 due to the absence of production contribution from Mercedes, which was divested in September 2016. Gold production attributable to the Company increased if Mercedes is excluded from the 2015 comparative. Fourth quarter production of both gold and copper was 1% higher than the comparative quarter of 2015, and was in line with expectations at all mines except at Gualcamayo, Minera Florida and El Peñón, where the new veins mined are narrower than previously experienced. Lower gold production at Gualcamayo and El Peñón was attributable to lower feed grade, and at Minera Florida was due to lower throughput. Lower silver production, compared to the fourth quarter of 2015, was anticipated due to lower planned feed grade. Production at both El Peñón and Mineral Florida was also impacted by the collective bargaining agreement negotiations in December. Total fourth quarter gold production attributable to the Company from continuing operations represents consecutive quarterly increases since the first quarter of 2016.

Gold

Fourth quarter gold production from continuing operations was 319,265 ounces of gold, compared to 316,795 ounces of gold produced in the fourth quarter of 2015. Individual mine quarterly results over the fourth quarter of 2015 included an increase of 17% at Chapada, 12% at Jacobina and 26% of the Brio Gold mines, mainly as a result of the production from the newly acquired RDM. These increases were partly offset by decreases of 15% at Gualcamayo, 12% at Minera Florida, 6% at El Peñón and 4% at Canadian Malartic. The decrease at Gualcamayo was the result of lower recoveries from the deep part of the open-pit, offset by the overall higher gold grades mined and higher recovery of ounces from inventory. The decrease at Minera Florida was due to lower throughput as the result of collective bargaining agreement negotiations in December, which adversely impacted productivity.

Total cost of sales per ounce of gold in the fourth quarter of 2016, excluding Brio Gold, was $935 per ounce sold, unchanged from the same quarter of 2015. Including Brio Gold, total cost of sales for gold in the fourth quarter of 2016 was $1,004 per ounce sold, compared to $959 per ounce sold in the same period of 2015.

Co-product cash costs (a non-GAAP financial measure) from continuing operations attributable to the Company for the fourth 2016 were $635 per ounce of gold produced, compared to $608 per ounce of gold produced for the same quarter of 2015. Including Brio Gold, co-product cash costs from continuing operations (a non-GAAP financial measure) for the fourth quarter were $667 per ounce of gold produced, compared to $609 per ounce of gold produced for the fourth quarter of 2015, representing an 10% increase.

On a co-product basis, AISC (a non-GAAP financial measure) from continuing operations, excluding Brio Gold, were $894 per ounce of gold produced for the fourth quarter of 2016, compared to $773 per ounce of gold produced for same quarter of 2015. Including Brio Gold, co-product AISC (a non-GAAP financial measure) from continuing operations were $928 per ounce of gold produced for the fourth quarter, compared to $782 per ounce of gold produced for the fourth quarter of 2015, representing a 19% increase.

Costs were higher due to the foreign exchange effect of the appreciation of the Brazilian Real and Chilean Peso. Additionally, co-product AISC increased, in part due to higher sustaining capital expenditures and mine development, in line with plans.

Silver

Fourth quarter silver production from continuing operations was 1.6 million ounces, compared to the 1.9 million ounces in the same quarter of 2015. Mine sequencing at certain locations continued to extract from areas with lower silver grades in comparison to the same period of 2015. Production was in line with expectations for silver.

Total cost of sales for silver in the fourth quarter of 2016 was $15.58 per ounce sold, compared to $13.44 per ounce sold in the same period of 2015. Co-product cash costs (a non-GAAP financial measure) for the fourth quarter were $10.07 per ounce of silver produced, compared to $7.71 per ounce of silver produced in the fourth quarter of 2015. Co-product AISC (a non-GAAP financial measure) from continuing operations were $14.48 per ounce of silver produced for the fourth quarter, compared to $9.93 per ounce of silver produced for the fourth quarter of 2015.

The increases are predominantly due to the appreciation of the Chilean Peso and lower silver production which increases the fixed charge allocation per ounce.

Copper

Total copper production for the fourth quarter of 2016 was 36.9 million pounds, compared to 36.6 million pounds for the same period of 2015 higher production was attributable to higher recovery rate and partly offset by lower feed grade at Chapada.

Total cost of sales for copper in the fourth quarter of 2016 was $1.80 per pound sold, compared to $1.48 per pound sold in the same period of 2015. Co-product cash costs per pound of copper (a non-GAAP financial measure) were $1.44 per pound produced from the Chapada mine, compared to $1.31 per pound of copper produced in the fourth quarter of 2015, representing a 10% increase. Co-product AISC (a non-GAAP financial measure) from continuing operations were $1.44 per pound of Chapada copper produced for the fourth quarter, compared to $1.31 per pound of Chapada copper produced for the fourth quarter of 2015.

The increases are predominantly due to the appreciation of the Brazilian Real.

OPERATING MINES

Chapada, Brazil

Chapada delivered on expectations in the fourth quarter of 2016 and following sequential quarter-over-quarter production increases, it met overall production targets for 2016. At Chapada, fourth quarter production increased for gold by 17%, silver by 11% and copper by 1%, compared to fourth quarter of 2015, mostly was the result of improved metal recovery rates and increased throughput. The recovery rates were higher as a result of initiatives undertaken by the Company in the second and third quarters to improve metallurgical recovery.

The Company continues to pursue efforts to further improve operational performance, with targets to increase recoveries and throughput with minimal capital expenditures, in addition to the implementation of cost improvement initiatives. In particular, the retrofit of the flotation circuit completed in the second quarter of 2016 continued to perform as expected with significant improvement on recovery. The processing optimization undertaken during the fourth quarter is showing good results with additional recovery increase and stability with mill throughput. The project should be completed during the first quarter of 2017 with the commissioning of a fully integrated processing control system. Following the evaluation of further processing improvement, mine management took the decision to expand the cleaning circuit by installing additional flotation cells and the retrofitting of some key components of the existing cleaner circuit. The main objective is to increase gold and copper recovery by increasing the solution residency time during the flotation process. The cleaning circuit expansion should be commissioned during the fourth quarter of 2017. Other initiatives in the crushing and grinding circuit are aimed towards improving available time and utilization in these areas. These improvements are designed with a focus to ensure that this cornerstone asset continues to deliver value and profitability in a variety of metal price environments, solidifying its status as a low cost producer.

Chapada sold 41,048 ounces of gold at total cost of sales $335 per ounce of gold sold, and 58,688 ounces of silver at total cost of sales of $4.79 per ounce of silver sold in the fourth quarter of 2016, compared to 41,154 ounces of gold sold at total cost of sales of $312 per ounce of gold sold and 60,907 ounces of silver sold at total cost of sales of $4.31 per ounce of silver sold in the fourth quarter of 2015. Production in the fourth quarter of 2016 was 40,358 ounces of gold and 78,020 ounces of silver, compared to 34,498 ounces of gold and 70,547 ounces of silver in the same period of 2015. Co-product cash costs were $275 per ounce of gold produced and $3.17 per ounce of silver in the three months ended December 31, 2016, compared to $280 per ounce of gold produced and $3.06 per ounce of silver produced in the same quarter of 2015. Co-product AISC were $354 per gold ounce produced and $3.99 per silver ounce produced, compared to $344 per gold ounce produced and $3.71 per silver ounce produced in the same quarter of 2015.

Lower total cost of sales per gold ounce sold and co-product cash costs per gold ounce produced benefited from the improved recovery rates in the fourth quarter that resulted in higher production levels. Co-product AISC per gold ounce produced was higher than the same quarter of 2015 due to an increase in sustaining capital expenditures related to the preparation of Corpo Sul for ore extraction in 2017. Total cost of sales per ounces sold, co-product cash costs per ounce produced and co-product AISC per ounce produced were all negatively affected by the strengthening of the Brazilian Real in the fourth quarter, compared to the same quarter of 2015.

Chapada sold 34.2 million pounds of copper at total cost of sales of $1.79 per pound of copper sold in the three months ended December 31, 2016, compared to the sale of 38.6 million pounds of copper at total cost of sales of $1.48 per pound of copper sold in the fourth quarter of 2015. Copper production was 36.9 million pounds in the fourth quarter of 2015, compared to production of 36.6 million pounds of copper for the same quarter of 2014. Co-product cash costs were $1.44 per pound of copper produced in the fourth quarter compared to $1.31 per pound of copper produced for the same quarter of 2014.

Cost of sales per copper pound sold, co-product cash costs per copper pound produced, and co-product AISC per copper pound produced increased due to the strengthening of the Brazilian Real, and co-product AISC was further impacted by the aforementioned Corpo Sul sustaining capital.

In the year ended December 31, 2016, Chapada sold 92,807 ounces of gold and 131,339 ounces of silver at total cost of sales of $489 per ounce of gold sold and $7.05 per ounce of silver sold, compared to 121,477 ounces of gold sold and 205,127 ounces of silver sold at total cost of sales of $406 per ounce of gold sold and $4.52 per ounce of silver sold in 2015. Chapada produced a total of 107,301 ounces of gold and 259,444 ounces of silver in the 2016, compared to 119,059 ounces of gold and 274,533 ounces of silver in 2015. Co-product cash costs were $359 per ounce of gold produced and $3.21 per ounce of silver produced in 2016, compared to $333 per ounce of gold produced and $3.19 per ounce of silver produced in 2015. Co-product AISC per ounce of gold produced were $478 in 2016, compared to $415 in 2015, and per ounce of silver produced were $4.20 in 2016, compared to $3.93 in 2015.

Chapada sold 104.9 million pounds of copper at total cost of sales of $1.92 per pound of copper sold in the 2016, compared to the sale of 126.0 million pounds of copper at total cost of sales of $1.71 per pound of copper sold in 2015. Copper production was 115.5 million pounds in 2016, compared to production of 131.0 million pounds of copper in 2015. Co-product cash costs for copper were $1.58 per pound produced in 2016, compared to $1.47 per pound produced in 2015. Co-product AISC per pound of copper produced were $2.03 in 2016, compared to $1.77 per pound of copper produced in 2015. Co-product AISC per pound of copper produced was higher as the result of higher sustaining capital expenditures incurred in order to prepare Corpo Sul for 2017 production.

Total cost of sales per ounce or pound sold, co-product cash costs per ounce or pound produced and all-in sustaining co-product costs per ounce or pound produced were impacted by lower production, partly offset by the depreciation of the Brazilian Real, year over year. Production for the year was impacted by the mechanical failure with its in-pit crusher in the second quarter of 2016. Operations resumed at regular throughput levels in August. Furthermore, co-product AISC per ounce or pound produced was higher as the result of higher sustaining capital expenditures incurred related to the aforementioned Corpo Sul preparation.

El Peñón, Chile

At the El Peñón mine, the Company has recently completed a plan aimed at delivering a sustainable, longer term optimal production level, taking into account existing mineral reserves, conversion of mineral resources, current production levels and the recent narrow vein discoveries. Considerable amounts were spent on exploration and development at the mine and near mine and, among the objectives of revised mine plan initiatives, the Company sought to determine how to leverage such expenditures on exploration and development per year, allowing maximization of cash flow. The Company believes this approach is conducive to sustainable production over a longer period. The outcome of the evaluation envisages a mine with a production expectation of 140,000 ounces of gold and 4,150,000 ounces of silver, per year beginning in 2017.

Based on the exploration success near mine and in the district, as well as the mine design optimization in progress the Company could increase the production profile of the mine in the future. Generally, although recently discovered veins are narrow, the Company has begun to test for extensions of major vein structures including at Quebrada Colorada, Quebrada Orito, Bonanza and Providencia. This program has been successful locating extensions both above and beneath these previously mined stopes and widths and grades are consistent with historical wider veins. This program was begun only recently and insufficient information is available to determine how much this positive result will positively impact annual production. Construction of a two-kilometre tunnel extension to gain better access for drilling beneath these structures was approved in the fourth quarter and is now underway. The development is being done in four exploration ramps.

While there continues to be considerable geological potential at the mine and near mine, the mine began production in 1999 and since that time produced an approximate 4.7 million ounces of gold and 116 million ounces of silver. Further, the mine has been owned and operated by the Company since late 2007 and the mine has produced over 2.6 million gold ounces and 81 million silver ounces since that time.

Following the transition from the periphery areas of Aleste-Bonanza, where grades had been more erratic, production resumed at a normalized level into other vein structures. Full year production was below targeted levels as the Company continued to mine from narrower vein areas while evaluating the sustainable, long-term optimal production level at the mine.

At El Peñón, gold and silver production was lower by 6% and 8%, respectively, compared to fourth quarter of 2015, as the result of lower feed grades of gold and silver from the lower mining grade of the narrow veins and dilution, and was slightly impacted by the collective bargaining negotiations which modestly impacted productivity at the mine.

On January 17, 2017, the Company announced the resumption of operations at El Peñón after successfully concluding negotiations leading to collective bargaining agreements with the two unions representing underground workers after a brief suspension of operations, which started from January 7, 2017. The interruption in operations, which have now returned to normal, will not have a significant impact on mine and consolidated production in 2017.

El Peñón sold 57,144 ounces of gold and 1.47 million ounces of silver at total cost of sales $1,075 per ounce of gold sold and $16.08 per ounce of silver sold in the fourth quarter of 2016, compared to 56,709 ounces of gold sold at total cost of sales of $1,019 per ounce of gold sold and 1.53 million ounces of silver sold at total cost of sales of $13.23 per ounce of silver sold in the fourth quarter of 2015. Production in the fourth quarter of 2016 was 55,764 ounces of gold and 1.45 million ounces of silver, compared to 59,375 ounces of gold and 1.58 million ounces of silver in the same period of 2015. Co-product cash costs were $714 per ounce of gold produced and $10.40 per ounce of silver in the three months ended December 31, 2016, compared to $544 per ounce of gold produced and $9.32 per ounce of silver produced in the same quarter of 2015. Co-product AISC were $952 per gold ounce produced and $13.84 per silver ounce produced, compared to $710 per gold ounce produced and $9.36 per silver ounce produced in the same quarter of 2015.

For the fourth quarter year comparisons, gold and silver cost of sale per ounce sold, co-product cash costs per ounce produced and co-product AISC per ounce produced were higher for both metals mainly as a result of higher allocation of fixed costs per ounce due to lower production volume and the strengthening of the Chilean Peso. The aforementioned effects on cost of sale per ounce sold of gold and silver were dampened by lower DDA per ounce sold, as a result of the impairment charges recorded in 2015.

For the year ended December 31, 2016, El Peñón sold 221,908 ounces of gold and 6.04 million ounces of silver at total cost of sales of $1,019 per ounce of gold sold and $13.84, respectively, compared to 224,753 ounces of gold sold and 7.66 million ounces of silver sold at total cost of sales of $1,044 per ounce of gold sold and $13.88 per ounce of silver sold in 2015. El Peñón produced a total of 220,209 ounces of gold and 6.02 million ounces of silver in the 2016, compared to 227,288 ounces of gold and 7.69 million ounces of silver in 2015. Cash costs were $678 per ounce of gold produced and $9.14 per ounce of silver produced in 2016, compared to $621 per ounce of gold produced and $8.38 per ounce of silver produced in 2015. Co-product AISC were $893 per ounce of gold produced in 2016, compared to $788 per ounce of gold produced in 2015, and $12.04 per ounce of silver produced were in 2016, compared to $10.75 per ounce of silver produced in 2015.

For the full year comparisons, cost of sales per ounce sold, co-product cash costs per ounce produced and co-product AISC per ounce produced were generally higher for both metals, mainly as a result of higher allocation of fixed costs per ounce, in particular silver, due to lower production volume. The weakening of the average Chilean Peso for the year partially offset the increase in costs related to the lower production. The exception to this trend was total cost of sales per gold ounce sold, which was benefited from lower DDA per ounce sold, as a result of the impairment charges recorded in 2015.

Canadian Malartic (50% interest), Canada

Canadian Malartic achieved record annual production in 2016, benefiting mainly from higher throughput and recovery rate.

For the fourth quarter, production was lower, compared to the same quarter of 2015 as result of lower feed grade, which was an anomaly in a record production year. Feed grade for 2017 is expected to increase from 2016 levels. In 2016, Canadian Malartic continued to pursue opportunities for operational refinement with a focus on improvements to the SAG mill and crusher liners in an attempt to reduce the scheduled shutdown periods, improvements to the crusher availability and cyanide control, acquiring additional equipment to increase production from higher grade areas, among others. In the medium to long term, the Company will pursue opportunities to further optimize efficiency and decrease operating cost. Additionally, the Odyssey zone and near pit/underground opportunities, will be further evaluated as these have the potential to provide new sources of ore for the mill.

At Canadian Malartic, 73,007 ounces of gold were sold at total cost of sales $1,056 per ounce of gold sold in the fourth quarter of 2016, compared to 76,017 ounces of gold sold at total cost of sales of $966 per ounce of gold sold in the fourth quarter of 2015. Production in the fourth quarter of 2016 was 69,971 ounces of gold, compared to 72,872 ounces in the same period of 2015. Co-product cash costs were $634 per ounce of gold produced in the three months ended December 31, 2016, compared to $606 per ounce of gold produced in the same quarter of 2015. Co-product AISC per gold ounce produced was $849, compared to $731 in the same quarter of 2015.

In the year ended December 31, 2016, Canadian Malartic sold 292,972 ounces of gold at total cost of sales of $1,025 per ounce of gold sold, compared to 287,704 ounces of gold sold at total cost of sales of $969 per ounce of gold sold in 2015. Canadian Malartic produced a record total of 292,514 ounces of gold in the 2016, compared to 285,809 ounces of gold in 2015. Cash costs per ounce produced were $606 per ounce of gold in 2016, compared to $596 per ounce of gold in 2015. Co-product AISC per ounce produced were $795 in 2016, compared to $738 in 2015.

For both the quarter and year ended on December 31, 2016, cost of sales per ounce of gold sold, co-product cash costs and co-product AISC per ounce of gold produced were higher, mainly due to lower feed grade, which in turn resulted in higher tonnage mined to offset its impact, and consequently resulted in higher mining costs. Sustaining capital expenditures for the fourth quarter of 2016 were higher, compared to the same quarter of 2015.

Gualcamayo, Argentina

Gualcamayo had a strong year allowing the mine to exceed expectations. At Gualcamayo, 47,615 ounces of gold were sold at total cost of sales $953 per ounce of gold sold in the fourth quarter of 2016, compared to 52,012 ounces of gold sold at total cost of sales of $1,096 per ounce of gold sold in the fourth quarter of 2015. Production in the fourth quarter of 2016 was 44,840 ounces of gold, compared to 52,864 ounces in the same period of 2015. Co-product cash costs were $734 per ounce of gold produced in the three months ended December 31, 2016, compared to $798 per ounce of gold produced in the same quarter of 2015. Co-product AISC per gold ounce produced was $805, compared to $815 in the same quarter of 2015.

In the year ended December 31, 2016, Gualcamayo sold 169,347 ounces of gold at total cost of sales of $1,038 per ounce of gold sold, compared to 176,852 ounces of gold sold at total cost of sales of $1,162 per ounce of gold sold in 2015. Gualcamayo produced a total of 164,265 ounces of gold in the 2016, compared to 180,674 ounces of gold in 2015. Co-product cash costs per ounce of gold produced were $796 per ounce of gold in 2016, compared to $814 per ounce of gold in 2015. Co-product AISC per ounce produced were $847 in 2016, compared to $850 in 2015. Overall, annual production at Gualcamayo was in line with expectations.

Cost of sales per ounce sold, co-product cash costs and co-product AISC per ounce produced decreased mainly due to the impact of a weakening Argentine Peso. Production was lower than the fourth quarter of 2015 as the result of lower recoveries from the deep part of the open-pit, partly offset by the overall higher gold grades mined and higher recovery of ounces from inventory. Cost of sale per ounce of gold sold was lower for the quarter and the year, compared to the corresponding periods of 2015, as a result of lower DDA

The Company will continue to develop the recently discovered oxides deposits around the main pit, as well as the Oxides Distrital targets near Gualcamayo with the objective of extending the mine life of the heap leach, along with optimizing costs and productivity in the underground mine.

Minera Florida, Chile

At Minera Florida, the strategy to consolidate the mine concessions surrounding the core mine area was achieved, and will provide a platform for developing the upside district potential. At Minera Florida, 25,325 ounces of gold and 93,870 ounces of silver were sold at total cost of sales $924 per ounce of gold sold and $13.37 per ounce of silver sold in the fourth quarter of 2016, compared to 28,845 ounces of gold sold at total cost of sales of $1,261 per ounce of gold sold and 195,503 ounces of silver sold at total cost of sales of $16.88 per ounce of silver sold in the fourth quarter of 2015. Production in the fourth quarter of 2016 was 25,675 ounces of gold and 94,738 ounces of silver, compared to 29,180 ounces of gold and 202,643 ounces of silver in the same period of 2015. Co-product cash costs were $730 per ounce of gold produced and $10.63 per ounce of silver in the three months ended December 31, 2016, compared to $664 per ounce of gold produced and $8.69 per ounce of silver produced in the same quarter of 2015. Co-product AISC per gold ounce produced and per silver ounce produced were $1,002 and $14.55, respectively, compared to $818 per gold ounce produced and $10.68 per silver ounce produced in the same quarter of 2015.

For the year ended December 31, 2016, Minera Florida sold 102,204 ounces of gold and 429,494 ounces of silver at total cost of sales of $1,046 per ounce of gold sold and $13.81 per ounce of silver sold, compared to 111,860 ounces of gold sold and 652,812 ounces of silver sold at total cost of sales of $1,270 per ounce of gold sold and $16.90 per ounce of silver sold in 2015. Minera Florida produced a total of 104,312 ounces of gold and 429,048 ounces of silver in 2016, compared to 112,580 ounces of gold and 660,997 ounces of silver in 2015. Cash costs were $735 per ounce of gold produced and $9.90 per ounce of silver produced in 2016, compared to $717 per ounce of gold produced and $9.46 per ounce of silver produced in 2015. Co-product AISC per ounce of gold produced were $955 in 2016, compared to $883 in 2015, and per ounce of silver produced were $12.73 in 2016, compared to $11.80 in 2015.

For the quarter and the year, co-product cash costs and co-product AISC per ounce of gold and silver produced were higher mainly due to higher mining and processing costs resulting from lower throughput and a higher fixed cost allocation per ounce, partially offset by higher zinc credits. Lower cost of sales per ounce of gold and silver sold, although impacted by the same factors as co-product cash costs, decreased due to lower DDA as a result of the impairment charges recorded in 2015. Lower production of gold and silver was due to lower throughput as the result of collective bargaining agreement negotiations in December, which adversely impacted productivity. The negotiations have subsequently been completed, and the mine and plant are now operating in full capacity. Lower planned feed grade following the mine sequencing and lower recovery of silver exacerbated the decline in silver production.

In 2017, the Company expects gold production to be in line with 2016 with lower silver production. Several improvement opportunities will continue to be developed into 2017 including the advancement of a whole ore leach project aimed to significantly improve recoveries and improvement of the crushing and grinding circuits.

In addition to this and as result of the successful results of exploration in the Pataguas zone, the mine will resume the development of the Hornitos tunnel which is a production ready exploration tunnel going across the recently acquired land adjacent to the core mine. The company will pursue the development of these newly discovered zones and advancement of the engineering of a whole ore leaching project to the next stage, in order to maximize the value and upside potential of the recently consolidated grounds at Minera Florida.

Jacobina, Brazil

Jacobina had a strong year, with higher production and lower costs than in 2015. A net increase in underground development has increased 2017 opportunities associated with a production profile improvement and cost control. While 2016 was a successful year where the focus was on increased sustainable gold production, 2017 will be focused on cost saving initiatives and efficiency improvements.

At Jacobina, 30,058 ounces of gold were sold at total cost of sales $1,123 per ounce of gold sold in the fourth quarter of 2016, compared to 27,901 ounces of gold sold at total cost of sales of $873 per ounce of gold sold in the fourth quarter of 2015. Production in the fourth quarter of 2016 was 32,180 ounces of gold, compared to 28,727 ounces in the same period of 2015. Co-product cash costs were $742 per ounce of gold produced in the three months ended December 31, 2016, compared to $614 per ounce of gold produced in the same quarter of 2015. Co-product AISC per gold ounce produced was $984, compared to $904 in the same quarter of 2015.

For the quarter, higher cost of sales per ounce of gold sold, co-product cash costs and co-product AISC per ounce of gold produced were mainly due to the impact of a strengthening Brazilian Real. Increased production was attributable to higher tonnage of ore mined, which more than offset a decline in feed grade. With a continued focus on dilution control, productivity improvements and cost control, the Company expects for production to progressively increase into 2017 and cost to decrease. Mine management is evaluating potential mining improvements that should decrease underground mine development and increase mining efficiency. This should impact positively on mining productivity and ultimately on gold production.

In the year ended December 31, 2016, Jacobina sold 118,142 ounces of gold at total cost of sales of $1,072 per ounce of gold sold, compared to 96,477 ounces of gold sold at total cost of sales of $1,068 per ounce of gold sold in 2015. Jacobina produced a total of 120,478 ounces of gold in the 2016, compared to 96,715 ounces of gold in 2015. Cash costs per ounce produced were $692 per ounce of gold in 2016, compared to $788 per ounce of gold in 2015. Co-product AISC per ounce produced were $988 in 2016, compared to $1,071 in 2015.

For the year, lower cost of sales per ounce of gold sold, co-product cash costs and co-product AISC per ounce of gold produced were mainly due to the impact of a weakening of the Brazilian Real. Increased production was attributable to higher tonnage of ore mined with a consistent feed grade.

CONSTRUCTION AND DEVELOPMENT

Cerro Moro, Argentina

Cerro Moro is a high-grade gold and silver deposit currently in construction and development with first production expected in early 2018, subsequent to a formal decision to proceed in late 2015.

The Cerro Moro ore body contains a number of high-grade epithermal gold and silver deposits, some of which will be mined via open-pit and some via underground mining. The feasibility study is based on an initial 6.5-year mine life at a throughput of 1,000 tonnes per day. The concentrator will consist of a standard crushing, grinding and flotation circuit with a counter current decantation ("CCD") and a Merrill Crowe circuit included.

The 2016 work program included the ramp-up of site construction activities; the continuation of detailed engineering; and the advancement of underground mining in order to gain a better understanding of in-situ mining conditions. The expenditure for 2016 was approximately $55 million with the balance of approximately $235 million planned to be spent in 2017 and 2018. The bulk of this remaining expenditure is to be spent in 2017, supporting the previously reported execution schedule and budget. In addition to the above, a substantial infill drilling program was run in 2016 to confirm previously determined indicated mineral resources with tighter spaced drilling. The infill program was successful in confirming those mineral resources and has the impact of de-risking the project and the startup risk of the mine. The Company believes that the project offers significant opportunities for the conversion of mineral resources into mineral reserves and for further discoveries on the property, which will serve to materially improve the returns from this high-grade project.

During the fourth quarter of 2016, the Company continued to show good progress on the development objectives referred to above. The project completed the planned underground mine development of 617 metres for 2016. Ramp-up of site construction continued ahead of schedule with bulk earthworks being completed and the concrete work was advanced to over 40% complete. Consistent with the baseline plan, detailed engineering progress advanced slightly beyond the target of 85% completion by the end of the year. This advanced level of engineering design completion prior to the start of large scale construction activities in early 2017 serves to de-risk the project schedule and increase the confidence in the total project cost. Contracts for structural steel erection, mechanical erection, and tailings dam construction have been awarded which will allow mobilization to take place in the first quarter of 2017 as planned. Procurement progress is also tracking according to plan with a total of $145 million of the $314 million initial capital committed to date, representing 46% of the total anticipated spend all within the expected budget. The Cerro Moro management and operations team will be recruited and trained during the course of 2017. Mechanical completion of the process plant and mine infrastructure is scheduled for the fourth quarter of 2017 in preparation for the start of commissioning in early 2018.

The updated mine plan shows partial production in 2018 of gold and silver at feed grades of 11 g/t, and 650 g/t respectively, and reflects the impact of the 3-month ramp-up during Q2 2018. The 2019 gold production is estimated to be approximately 130,000 ounces at an average feed grade of 11 g/t, and the silver production to be approximately 9,900,000 ounces at an average feed grade of 920 g/t. The average AISC for the period from 2018 to 2019 is expected to be below $600 per ounce of gold produced and below $9.00 per ounce of silver produced, with co-product cash costs for the same period expected to be below $500 per ounce of gold produced and below $7.50 per ounce of silver produced. Bringing forward metal production into the two first years of operation has resulted in a marginal drop-off in average metal production over the remaining mine life which is anticipated to be recovered through further optimization initiatives and a targeted expansion of the mineral reserves from an increased exploration drilling campaign.

During the last quarter of 2016, an opportunity was identified to better exploit the very high silver grades at the project (average LOM silver grade of approximately 540g/t). This was achieved through the relaxation of the maximum silver feed grade to the processing plant following a minor change in operating practices and without incurring additional capital.

The 2017 work plan includes an increase in the rate of underground mining relative to 2016 such that during the last quarter of the year ore will be mined to feed the stockpile ahead of the plant start-up in the first quarter of 2018. In support of the increased rate of mining and in preparation of full start-up, the Cerro Moro management and operations team will be recruited and trained during the course of the year. Mechanical completion of the process plant and mine infrastructure is scheduled for the fourth quarter of 2017 in preparation for the start of commissioning in early 2018.

EXPLORATION

Canadian Malartic, Canada

In addition to the commentary provided in the Company's fourth quarter and full year Management Discussion and Analysis, Yamana is providing further details relating to drill results from the Odyssey property at Canadian Malartic. The Odyssey property lies on the east side of the Canadian Malartic property, approximately 1.5 kilometres east of the current limit of the Canadian Malartic open pit.

During 2016, a total of 155 holes (119,396 metres) were completed at the Odyssey property. The 2016 results have been incorporated with previous work to estimate an initial Mineral Resource for the Odyssey property (inclusive of the North and South zones). Inferred Mineral Resources (on a 100% basis) are estimated at 1.43 million ounces (20.7 million tonnes grading 2.15 g/t gold). Further details on Mineral Resources at the Odyssey property are presented in the Mineral Reserve and Mineral Resource section of this news release.

Recent drilling on the internal zones returned several significant intersections including: 3.10 g/t gold over 91.5 metres in hole ODY11-5055, 4.24 g/t gold over 12.5 metres in hole ODY16-5099 and 3.23 g/t gold over 10.5 metres in hole ODY16-5105. Selected recent drill results and the collar coordinates are set out in the table below. All intercepts reported for the Odyssey property show capped grades over core lengths. In the first half of 2017, drilling activities at the Odyssey property will focus on further defining these internal zones and expanding the mineral resources in Odyssey North and South.

Recent exploration drill results from the Internal Lode at Odyssey.

Drill hole Location From
(m)
To
(m)
Depth of
midpoint
below
surface
(m)
Core
length
(m)**
Gold
grade
(g/t)
(uncapped)
Gold
grade
(g/t)
(capped)*
ODY11-2404B Internal Lode 930.0 937.3 831 7.3 23.59 7.04
ODY14-2492 Internal Lode 827.6 929.5 734 101.9 3.78 3.47
including 850.3 863.2 12.9 12.53 10.06
ODY16-5033 Internal Lode 1,038.5 1,052.0 903 13.5 2.24 2.24
ODY16-5055 Internal Lode 1,035.5 1,127.0 917 91.5 4.03 3.10
including 1,063.7 1,078.0 14.3 14.90 9.36
ODY16-5064 Internal Lode 978.5 1,019.5 814 41.0 1.89 1.89
and Internal Lode 1,107.1 1,120.2 586 13.1 5.00 5.00
ODY16-5075 Internal Lode 1,074.5 1,102.5 904 28.0 1.92 1.92
including 1,080.5 1,085.0 4.5 6.11 6.11
ODY16-5078 ND 1,000.0 1,027.5 866 27.5 1.97 1.97
ODY16-5087 ND 759.0 767.2 697 8.2 3.17 3.17
and Internal Lode 940.5 948.0 552 7.5 2.84 2.84
and Internal Lode 971.5 985.5 582 14.0 2.33 2.33
and Internal Lode 1,011.0 1,049.0 628 38.0 1.59 1.59
including 1,029.6 1,034.0 4.4 6.92 6.92
ODY16-5087A Internal Lode 952.0 962.5 867 10.5 2.26 2.26
and Internal Lode 1,038.5 1,046.0 634 7.5 1.81 1.81
ODY16-5099 Internal Lode 723.5 731.5 682 8.0 7.24 5.99
including 727.7 731.5 3.8 13.11 10.48
and Internal Lode 780.5 793.0 431 12.5 4.24 4.24
ODY16-5105 Internal Lode 647.0 653.5 562 6.5 11.23 8.63
and Internal